Merge branch 'python3-testing' of https://github.com/vincentkfu/fio
[fio.git] / init.c
1 /*
2  * This file contains job initialization and setup functions.
3  */
4 #include <stdio.h>
5 #include <stdlib.h>
6 #include <unistd.h>
7 #include <ctype.h>
8 #include <string.h>
9 #include <errno.h>
10 #include <sys/ipc.h>
11 #include <sys/types.h>
12 #include <dlfcn.h>
13 #ifdef CONFIG_VALGRIND_DEV
14 #include <valgrind/drd.h>
15 #else
16 #define DRD_IGNORE_VAR(x) do { } while (0)
17 #endif
18
19 #include "fio.h"
20 #ifndef FIO_NO_HAVE_SHM_H
21 #include <sys/shm.h>
22 #endif
23
24 #include "parse.h"
25 #include "smalloc.h"
26 #include "filehash.h"
27 #include "verify.h"
28 #include "profile.h"
29 #include "server.h"
30 #include "idletime.h"
31 #include "filelock.h"
32 #include "steadystate.h"
33 #include "blktrace.h"
34
35 #include "oslib/asprintf.h"
36 #include "oslib/getopt.h"
37 #include "oslib/strcasestr.h"
38
39 #include "crc/test.h"
40 #include "lib/pow2.h"
41 #include "lib/memcpy.h"
42
43 const char fio_version_string[] = FIO_VERSION;
44
45 #define FIO_RANDSEED            (0xb1899bedUL)
46
47 static char **ini_file;
48 static int max_jobs = FIO_MAX_JOBS;
49 static bool dump_cmdline;
50 static bool parse_only;
51 static bool merge_blktrace_only;
52
53 static struct thread_data def_thread;
54 struct thread_data *threads = NULL;
55 static char **job_sections;
56 static int nr_job_sections;
57
58 bool exitall_on_terminate = false;
59 int output_format = FIO_OUTPUT_NORMAL;
60 int eta_print = FIO_ETA_AUTO;
61 unsigned int eta_interval_msec = 1000;
62 int eta_new_line = 0;
63 FILE *f_out = NULL;
64 FILE *f_err = NULL;
65 char *exec_profile = NULL;
66 int warnings_fatal = 0;
67 int terse_version = 3;
68 bool is_backend = false;
69 bool is_local_backend = false;
70 int nr_clients = 0;
71 bool log_syslog = false;
72
73 bool write_bw_log = false;
74 bool read_only = false;
75 int status_interval = 0;
76
77 char *trigger_file = NULL;
78 long long trigger_timeout = 0;
79 char *trigger_cmd = NULL;
80 char *trigger_remote_cmd = NULL;
81
82 char *aux_path = NULL;
83
84 static int prev_group_jobs;
85
86 unsigned long fio_debug = 0;
87 unsigned int fio_debug_jobno = -1;
88 unsigned int *fio_debug_jobp = NULL;
89 unsigned int *fio_warned = NULL;
90
91 static char cmd_optstr[256];
92 static bool did_arg;
93
94 #define FIO_CLIENT_FLAG         (1 << 16)
95
96 /*
97  * Command line options. These will contain the above, plus a few
98  * extra that only pertain to fio itself and not jobs.
99  */
100 static struct option l_opts[FIO_NR_OPTIONS] = {
101         {
102                 .name           = (char *) "output",
103                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
104                 .val            = 'o' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
105         },
106         {
107                 .name           = (char *) "latency-log",
108                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
109                 .val            = 'l' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
110         },
111         {
112                 .name           = (char *) "bandwidth-log",
113                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
114                 .val            = 'b' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
115         },
116         {
117                 .name           = (char *) "minimal",
118                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
119                 .val            = 'm' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
120         },
121         {
122                 .name           = (char *) "output-format",
123                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
124                 .val            = 'F' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
125         },
126         {
127                 .name           = (char *) "append-terse",
128                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
129                 .val            = 'f',
130         },
131         {
132                 .name           = (char *) "version",
133                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
134                 .val            = 'v' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
135         },
136         {
137                 .name           = (char *) "help",
138                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
139                 .val            = 'h' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
140         },
141         {
142                 .name           = (char *) "cmdhelp",
143                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
144                 .val            = 'c' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
145         },
146         {
147                 .name           = (char *) "enghelp",
148                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
149                 .val            = 'i' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
150         },
151         {
152                 .name           = (char *) "showcmd",
153                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
154                 .val            = 's' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
155         },
156         {
157                 .name           = (char *) "readonly",
158                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
159                 .val            = 'r' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
160         },
161         {
162                 .name           = (char *) "eta",
163                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
164                 .val            = 'e' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
165         },
166         {
167                 .name           = (char *) "eta-interval",
168                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
169                 .val            = 'O' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
170         },
171         {
172                 .name           = (char *) "eta-newline",
173                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
174                 .val            = 'E' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
175         },
176         {
177                 .name           = (char *) "debug",
178                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
179                 .val            = 'd' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
180         },
181         {
182                 .name           = (char *) "parse-only",
183                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
184                 .val            = 'P' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
185         },
186         {
187                 .name           = (char *) "section",
188                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
189                 .val            = 'x' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
190         },
191 #ifdef CONFIG_ZLIB
192         {
193                 .name           = (char *) "inflate-log",
194                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
195                 .val            = 'X' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
196         },
197 #endif
198         {
199                 .name           = (char *) "alloc-size",
200                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
201                 .val            = 'a' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
202         },
203         {
204                 .name           = (char *) "profile",
205                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
206                 .val            = 'p' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
207         },
208         {
209                 .name           = (char *) "warnings-fatal",
210                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
211                 .val            = 'w' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
212         },
213         {
214                 .name           = (char *) "max-jobs",
215                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
216                 .val            = 'j' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
217         },
218         {
219                 .name           = (char *) "terse-version",
220                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
221                 .val            = 'V' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
222         },
223         {
224                 .name           = (char *) "server",
225                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
226                 .val            = 'S',
227         },
228         {       .name           = (char *) "daemonize",
229                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
230                 .val            = 'D',
231         },
232         {
233                 .name           = (char *) "client",
234                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
235                 .val            = 'C',
236         },
237         {
238                 .name           = (char *) "remote-config",
239                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
240                 .val            = 'R',
241         },
242         {
243                 .name           = (char *) "cpuclock-test",
244                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
245                 .val            = 'T',
246         },
247         {
248                 .name           = (char *) "crctest",
249                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
250                 .val            = 'G',
251         },
252         {
253                 .name           = (char *) "memcpytest",
254                 .has_arg        = optional_argument,
255                 .val            = 'M',
256         },
257         {
258                 .name           = (char *) "idle-prof",
259                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
260                 .val            = 'I',
261         },
262         {
263                 .name           = (char *) "status-interval",
264                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
265                 .val            = 'L' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
266         },
267         {
268                 .name           = (char *) "trigger-file",
269                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
270                 .val            = 'W',
271         },
272         {
273                 .name           = (char *) "trigger-timeout",
274                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
275                 .val            = 'B',
276         },
277         {
278                 .name           = (char *) "trigger",
279                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
280                 .val            = 'H',
281         },
282         {
283                 .name           = (char *) "trigger-remote",
284                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
285                 .val            = 'J',
286         },
287         {
288                 .name           = (char *) "aux-path",
289                 .has_arg        = required_argument,
290                 .val            = 'K',
291         },
292         {
293                 .name           = (char *) "merge-blktrace-only",
294                 .has_arg        = no_argument,
295                 .val            = 'A' | FIO_CLIENT_FLAG,
296         },
297         {
298                 .name           = NULL,
299         },
300 };
301
302 void free_threads_shm(void)
303 {
304         if (threads) {
305                 void *tp = threads;
306 #ifndef CONFIG_NO_SHM
307                 struct shmid_ds sbuf;
308
309                 threads = NULL;
310                 shmdt(tp);
311                 shmctl(shm_id, IPC_RMID, &sbuf);
312                 shm_id = -1;
313 #else
314                 threads = NULL;
315                 free(tp);
316 #endif
317         }
318 }
319
320 static void free_shm(void)
321 {
322         if (threads) {
323                 flow_exit();
324                 fio_debug_jobp = NULL;
325                 fio_warned = NULL;
326                 free_threads_shm();
327         }
328
329         free(trigger_file);
330         free(trigger_cmd);
331         free(trigger_remote_cmd);
332         trigger_file = trigger_cmd = trigger_remote_cmd = NULL;
333
334         options_free(fio_options, &def_thread.o);
335         fio_filelock_exit();
336         file_hash_exit();
337         scleanup();
338 }
339
340 /*
341  * The thread area is shared between the main process and the job
342  * threads/processes. So setup a shared memory segment that will hold
343  * all the job info. We use the end of the region for keeping track of
344  * open files across jobs, for file sharing.
345  */
346 static int setup_thread_area(void)
347 {
348         int i;
349
350         if (threads)
351                 return 0;
352
353         /*
354          * 1024 is too much on some machines, scale max_jobs if
355          * we get a failure that looks like too large a shm segment
356          */
357         do {
358                 size_t size = max_jobs * sizeof(struct thread_data);
359
360                 size += 2 * sizeof(unsigned int);
361
362 #ifndef CONFIG_NO_SHM
363                 shm_id = shmget(0, size, IPC_CREAT | 0600);
364                 if (shm_id != -1)
365                         break;
366                 if (errno != EINVAL && errno != ENOMEM && errno != ENOSPC) {
367                         perror("shmget");
368                         break;
369                 }
370 #else
371                 threads = malloc(size);
372                 if (threads)
373                         break;
374 #endif
375
376                 max_jobs >>= 1;
377         } while (max_jobs);
378
379 #ifndef CONFIG_NO_SHM
380         if (shm_id == -1)
381                 return 1;
382
383         threads = shmat(shm_id, NULL, 0);
384         if (threads == (void *) -1) {
385                 perror("shmat");
386                 return 1;
387         }
388         if (shm_attach_to_open_removed())
389                 shmctl(shm_id, IPC_RMID, NULL);
390 #endif
391
392         memset(threads, 0, max_jobs * sizeof(struct thread_data));
393         for (i = 0; i < max_jobs; i++)
394                 DRD_IGNORE_VAR(threads[i]);
395         fio_debug_jobp = (unsigned int *)(threads + max_jobs);
396         *fio_debug_jobp = -1;
397         fio_warned = fio_debug_jobp + 1;
398         *fio_warned = 0;
399
400         flow_init();
401
402         return 0;
403 }
404
405 static void dump_print_option(struct print_option *p)
406 {
407         const char *delim;
408
409         if (!strcmp("description", p->name))
410                 delim = "\"";
411         else
412                 delim = "";
413
414         log_info("--%s%s", p->name, p->value ? "" : " ");
415         if (p->value)
416                 log_info("=%s%s%s ", delim, p->value, delim);
417 }
418
419 static void dump_opt_list(struct thread_data *td)
420 {
421         struct flist_head *entry;
422         struct print_option *p;
423
424         if (flist_empty(&td->opt_list))
425                 return;
426
427         flist_for_each(entry, &td->opt_list) {
428                 p = flist_entry(entry, struct print_option, list);
429                 dump_print_option(p);
430         }
431 }
432
433 static void fio_dump_options_free(struct thread_data *td)
434 {
435         while (!flist_empty(&td->opt_list)) {
436                 struct print_option *p;
437
438                 p = flist_first_entry(&td->opt_list, struct print_option, list);
439                 flist_del_init(&p->list);
440                 free(p->name);
441                 free(p->value);
442                 free(p);
443         }
444 }
445
446 static void copy_opt_list(struct thread_data *dst, struct thread_data *src)
447 {
448         struct flist_head *entry;
449
450         if (flist_empty(&src->opt_list))
451                 return;
452
453         flist_for_each(entry, &src->opt_list) {
454                 struct print_option *srcp, *dstp;
455
456                 srcp = flist_entry(entry, struct print_option, list);
457                 dstp = malloc(sizeof(*dstp));
458                 dstp->name = strdup(srcp->name);
459                 if (srcp->value)
460                         dstp->value = strdup(srcp->value);
461                 else
462                         dstp->value = NULL;
463                 flist_add_tail(&dstp->list, &dst->opt_list);
464         }
465 }
466
467 /*
468  * Return a free job structure.
469  */
470 static struct thread_data *get_new_job(bool global, struct thread_data *parent,
471                                        bool preserve_eo, const char *jobname)
472 {
473         struct thread_data *td;
474
475         if (global)
476                 return &def_thread;
477         if (setup_thread_area()) {
478                 log_err("error: failed to setup shm segment\n");
479                 return NULL;
480         }
481         if (thread_number >= max_jobs) {
482                 log_err("error: maximum number of jobs (%d) reached.\n",
483                                 max_jobs);
484                 return NULL;
485         }
486
487         td = &threads[thread_number++];
488         *td = *parent;
489
490         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->opt_list);
491         if (parent != &def_thread)
492                 copy_opt_list(td, parent);
493
494         td->io_ops = NULL;
495         td->io_ops_init = 0;
496         if (!preserve_eo)
497                 td->eo = NULL;
498
499         td->o.uid = td->o.gid = -1U;
500
501         dup_files(td, parent);
502         fio_options_mem_dupe(td);
503
504         profile_add_hooks(td);
505
506         td->thread_number = thread_number;
507         td->subjob_number = 0;
508
509         if (jobname)
510                 td->o.name = strdup(jobname);
511
512         if (!parent->o.group_reporting || parent == &def_thread)
513                 stat_number++;
514
515         return td;
516 }
517
518 static void put_job(struct thread_data *td)
519 {
520         if (td == &def_thread)
521                 return;
522
523         profile_td_exit(td);
524         flow_exit_job(td);
525
526         if (td->error)
527                 log_info("fio: %s\n", td->verror);
528
529         fio_options_free(td);
530         fio_dump_options_free(td);
531         if (td->io_ops)
532                 free_ioengine(td);
533
534         if (td->o.name)
535                 free(td->o.name);
536
537         memset(&threads[td->thread_number - 1], 0, sizeof(*td));
538         thread_number--;
539 }
540
541 static int __setup_rate(struct thread_data *td, enum fio_ddir ddir)
542 {
543         unsigned long long bs = td->o.min_bs[ddir];
544
545         assert(ddir_rw(ddir));
546
547         if (td->o.rate[ddir])
548                 td->rate_bps[ddir] = td->o.rate[ddir];
549         else
550                 td->rate_bps[ddir] = (uint64_t) td->o.rate_iops[ddir] * bs;
551
552         if (!td->rate_bps[ddir]) {
553                 log_err("rate lower than supported\n");
554                 return -1;
555         }
556
557         td->rate_next_io_time[ddir] = 0;
558         td->rate_io_issue_bytes[ddir] = 0;
559         td->last_usec[ddir] = 0;
560         return 0;
561 }
562
563 static int setup_rate(struct thread_data *td)
564 {
565         int ret = 0;
566
567         if (td->o.rate[DDIR_READ] || td->o.rate_iops[DDIR_READ])
568                 ret = __setup_rate(td, DDIR_READ);
569         if (td->o.rate[DDIR_WRITE] || td->o.rate_iops[DDIR_WRITE])
570                 ret |= __setup_rate(td, DDIR_WRITE);
571         if (td->o.rate[DDIR_TRIM] || td->o.rate_iops[DDIR_TRIM])
572                 ret |= __setup_rate(td, DDIR_TRIM);
573
574         return ret;
575 }
576
577 static int fixed_block_size(struct thread_options *o)
578 {
579         return o->min_bs[DDIR_READ] == o->max_bs[DDIR_READ] &&
580                 o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] == o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] &&
581                 o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM] == o->max_bs[DDIR_TRIM] &&
582                 o->min_bs[DDIR_READ] == o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] &&
583                 o->min_bs[DDIR_READ] == o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM];
584 }
585
586 /*
587  * <3 Johannes
588  */
589 static unsigned int gcd(unsigned int m, unsigned int n)
590 {
591         if (!n)
592                 return m;
593
594         return gcd(n, m % n);
595 }
596
597 /*
598  * Lazy way of fixing up options that depend on each other. We could also
599  * define option callback handlers, but this is easier.
600  */
601 static int fixup_options(struct thread_data *td)
602 {
603         struct thread_options *o = &td->o;
604         int ret = 0;
605
606         if (read_only && (td_write(td) || td_trim(td))) {
607                 log_err("fio: trim and write operations are not allowed"
608                          " with the --readonly parameter.\n");
609                 ret |= 1;
610         }
611
612 #ifndef CONFIG_PSHARED
613         if (!o->use_thread) {
614                 log_info("fio: this platform does not support process shared"
615                          " mutexes, forcing use of threads. Use the 'thread'"
616                          " option to get rid of this warning.\n");
617                 o->use_thread = 1;
618                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
619         }
620 #endif
621
622         if (o->write_iolog_file && o->read_iolog_file) {
623                 log_err("fio: read iolog overrides write_iolog\n");
624                 free(o->write_iolog_file);
625                 o->write_iolog_file = NULL;
626                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
627         }
628
629         if (o->zone_mode == ZONE_MODE_NONE && o->zone_size) {
630                 log_err("fio: --zonemode=none and --zonesize are not compatible.\n");
631                 ret |= 1;
632         }
633
634         if (o->zone_mode == ZONE_MODE_STRIDED && !o->zone_size) {
635                 log_err("fio: --zonesize must be specified when using --zonemode=strided.\n");
636                 ret |= 1;
637         }
638
639         if (o->zone_mode == ZONE_MODE_NOT_SPECIFIED) {
640                 if (o->zone_size)
641                         o->zone_mode = ZONE_MODE_STRIDED;
642                 else
643                         o->zone_mode = ZONE_MODE_NONE;
644         }
645
646         /*
647          * Strided zone mode only really works with 1 file.
648          */
649         if (o->zone_mode == ZONE_MODE_STRIDED && o->open_files > 1)
650                 o->zone_mode = ZONE_MODE_NONE;
651
652         /*
653          * If zone_range isn't specified, backward compatibility dictates it
654          * should be made equal to zone_size.
655          */
656         if (o->zone_mode == ZONE_MODE_STRIDED && !o->zone_range)
657                 o->zone_range = o->zone_size;
658
659         /*
660          * Reads can do overwrites, we always need to pre-create the file
661          */
662         if (td_read(td))
663                 o->overwrite = 1;
664
665         if (!o->min_bs[DDIR_READ])
666                 o->min_bs[DDIR_READ] = o->bs[DDIR_READ];
667         if (!o->max_bs[DDIR_READ])
668                 o->max_bs[DDIR_READ] = o->bs[DDIR_READ];
669         if (!o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
670                 o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] = o->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
671         if (!o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
672                 o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] = o->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
673         if (!o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM])
674                 o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM] = o->bs[DDIR_TRIM];
675         if (!o->max_bs[DDIR_TRIM])
676                 o->max_bs[DDIR_TRIM] = o->bs[DDIR_TRIM];
677
678         o->rw_min_bs = min(o->min_bs[DDIR_READ], o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
679         o->rw_min_bs = min(o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM], o->rw_min_bs);
680
681         /*
682          * For random IO, allow blockalign offset other than min_bs.
683          */
684         if (!o->ba[DDIR_READ] || !td_random(td))
685                 o->ba[DDIR_READ] = o->min_bs[DDIR_READ];
686         if (!o->ba[DDIR_WRITE] || !td_random(td))
687                 o->ba[DDIR_WRITE] = o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE];
688         if (!o->ba[DDIR_TRIM] || !td_random(td))
689                 o->ba[DDIR_TRIM] = o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM];
690
691         if ((o->ba[DDIR_READ] != o->min_bs[DDIR_READ] ||
692             o->ba[DDIR_WRITE] != o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] ||
693             o->ba[DDIR_TRIM] != o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM]) &&
694             !o->norandommap) {
695                 log_err("fio: Any use of blockalign= turns off randommap\n");
696                 o->norandommap = 1;
697                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
698         }
699
700         if (!o->file_size_high)
701                 o->file_size_high = o->file_size_low;
702
703         if (o->start_delay_high) {
704                 if (!o->start_delay_orig)
705                         o->start_delay_orig = o->start_delay;
706                 o->start_delay = rand_between(&td->delay_state,
707                                                 o->start_delay_orig,
708                                                 o->start_delay_high);
709         }
710
711         if (o->norandommap && o->verify != VERIFY_NONE
712             && !fixed_block_size(o))  {
713                 log_err("fio: norandommap given for variable block sizes, "
714                         "verify limited\n");
715                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
716         }
717         if (o->bs_unaligned && (o->odirect || td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_RAWIO)))
718                 log_err("fio: bs_unaligned may not work with raw io\n");
719
720         /*
721          * thinktime_spin must be less than thinktime
722          */
723         if (o->thinktime_spin > o->thinktime)
724                 o->thinktime_spin = o->thinktime;
725
726         /*
727          * The low water mark cannot be bigger than the iodepth
728          */
729         if (o->iodepth_low > o->iodepth || !o->iodepth_low)
730                 o->iodepth_low = o->iodepth;
731
732         /*
733          * If batch number isn't set, default to the same as iodepth
734          */
735         if (o->iodepth_batch > o->iodepth || !o->iodepth_batch)
736                 o->iodepth_batch = o->iodepth;
737
738         /*
739          * If max batch complete number isn't set or set incorrectly,
740          * default to the same as iodepth_batch_complete_min
741          */
742         if (o->iodepth_batch_complete_min > o->iodepth_batch_complete_max)
743                 o->iodepth_batch_complete_max = o->iodepth_batch_complete_min;
744
745         /*
746          * There's no need to check for in-flight overlapping IOs if the job
747          * isn't changing data or the maximum iodepth is guaranteed to be 1
748          * when we are not in offload mode
749          */
750         if (o->serialize_overlap && !(td->flags & TD_F_READ_IOLOG) &&
751             (!(td_write(td) || td_trim(td)) || o->iodepth == 1) &&
752             o->io_submit_mode != IO_MODE_OFFLOAD)
753                 o->serialize_overlap = 0;
754
755         if (o->nr_files > td->files_index)
756                 o->nr_files = td->files_index;
757
758         if (o->open_files > o->nr_files || !o->open_files)
759                 o->open_files = o->nr_files;
760
761         if (((o->rate[DDIR_READ] + o->rate[DDIR_WRITE] + o->rate[DDIR_TRIM]) &&
762             (o->rate_iops[DDIR_READ] + o->rate_iops[DDIR_WRITE] + o->rate_iops[DDIR_TRIM])) ||
763             ((o->ratemin[DDIR_READ] + o->ratemin[DDIR_WRITE] + o->ratemin[DDIR_TRIM]) &&
764             (o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_READ] + o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_WRITE] + o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_TRIM]))) {
765                 log_err("fio: rate and rate_iops are mutually exclusive\n");
766                 ret |= 1;
767         }
768         if ((o->rate[DDIR_READ] && (o->rate[DDIR_READ] < o->ratemin[DDIR_READ])) ||
769             (o->rate[DDIR_WRITE] && (o->rate[DDIR_WRITE] < o->ratemin[DDIR_WRITE])) ||
770             (o->rate[DDIR_TRIM] && (o->rate[DDIR_TRIM] < o->ratemin[DDIR_TRIM])) ||
771             (o->rate_iops[DDIR_READ] && (o->rate_iops[DDIR_READ] < o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_READ])) ||
772             (o->rate_iops[DDIR_WRITE] && (o->rate_iops[DDIR_WRITE] < o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_WRITE])) ||
773             (o->rate_iops[DDIR_TRIM] && (o->rate_iops[DDIR_TRIM] < o->rate_iops_min[DDIR_TRIM]))) {
774                 log_err("fio: minimum rate exceeds rate\n");
775                 ret |= 1;
776         }
777
778         if (!o->timeout && o->time_based) {
779                 log_err("fio: time_based requires a runtime/timeout setting\n");
780                 o->time_based = 0;
781                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
782         }
783
784         if (o->fill_device && !o->size)
785                 o->size = -1ULL;
786
787         if (o->verify != VERIFY_NONE) {
788                 if (td_write(td) && o->do_verify && o->numjobs > 1 &&
789                     (o->filename ||
790                      !(o->unique_filename &&
791                        strstr(o->filename_format, "$jobname") &&
792                        strstr(o->filename_format, "$jobnum") &&
793                        strstr(o->filename_format, "$filenum")))) {
794                         log_info("fio: multiple writers may overwrite blocks "
795                                 "that belong to other jobs. This can cause "
796                                 "verification failures.\n");
797                         ret |= warnings_fatal;
798                 }
799
800                 /*
801                  * Warn if verification is requested but no verification of any
802                  * kind can be started due to time constraints
803                  */
804                 if (td_write(td) && o->do_verify && o->timeout &&
805                     o->time_based && !td_read(td) && !o->verify_backlog) {
806                         log_info("fio: verification read phase will never "
807                                  "start because write phase uses all of "
808                                  "runtime\n");
809                         ret |= warnings_fatal;
810                 }
811
812                 if (!fio_option_is_set(o, refill_buffers))
813                         o->refill_buffers = 1;
814
815                 if (o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] != o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] &&
816                     !o->verify_interval)
817                         o->verify_interval = o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE];
818
819                 /*
820                  * Verify interval must be smaller or equal to the
821                  * write size.
822                  */
823                 if (o->verify_interval > o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
824                         o->verify_interval = o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE];
825                 else if (td_read(td) && o->verify_interval > o->min_bs[DDIR_READ])
826                         o->verify_interval = o->min_bs[DDIR_READ];
827
828                 /*
829                  * Verify interval must be a factor of both min and max
830                  * write size
831                  */
832                 if (!o->verify_interval ||
833                     (o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE] % o->verify_interval) ||
834                     (o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] % o->verify_interval))
835                         o->verify_interval = gcd(o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE],
836                                                         o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
837         }
838
839         if (o->pre_read) {
840                 if (o->invalidate_cache)
841                         o->invalidate_cache = 0;
842                 if (td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_PIPEIO)) {
843                         log_info("fio: cannot pre-read files with an IO engine"
844                                  " that isn't seekable. Pre-read disabled.\n");
845                         ret |= warnings_fatal;
846                 }
847         }
848
849         if (o->unit_base == N2S_NONE) {
850                 if (td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_BIT_BASED))
851                         o->unit_base = N2S_BITPERSEC;
852                 else
853                         o->unit_base = N2S_BYTEPERSEC;
854         }
855
856 #ifndef CONFIG_FDATASYNC
857         if (o->fdatasync_blocks) {
858                 log_info("fio: this platform does not support fdatasync()"
859                          " falling back to using fsync().  Use the 'fsync'"
860                          " option instead of 'fdatasync' to get rid of"
861                          " this warning\n");
862                 o->fsync_blocks = o->fdatasync_blocks;
863                 o->fdatasync_blocks = 0;
864                 ret |= warnings_fatal;
865         }
866 #endif
867
868 #ifdef WIN32
869         /*
870          * Windows doesn't support O_DIRECT or O_SYNC with the _open interface,
871          * so fail if we're passed those flags
872          */
873         if (td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_SYNCIO) && (o->odirect || o->sync_io)) {
874                 log_err("fio: Windows does not support direct or non-buffered io with"
875                                 " the synchronous ioengines. Use the 'windowsaio' ioengine"
876                                 " with 'direct=1' and 'iodepth=1' instead.\n");
877                 ret |= 1;
878         }
879 #endif
880
881         /*
882          * For fully compressible data, just zero them at init time.
883          * It's faster than repeatedly filling it. For non-zero
884          * compression, we should have refill_buffers set. Set it, unless
885          * the job file already changed it.
886          */
887         if (o->compress_percentage) {
888                 if (o->compress_percentage == 100) {
889                         o->zero_buffers = 1;
890                         o->compress_percentage = 0;
891                 } else if (!fio_option_is_set(o, refill_buffers)) {
892                         o->refill_buffers = 1;
893                         td->flags |= TD_F_REFILL_BUFFERS;
894                 }
895         }
896
897         /*
898          * Using a non-uniform random distribution excludes usage of
899          * a random map
900          */
901         if (o->random_distribution != FIO_RAND_DIST_RANDOM)
902                 o->norandommap = 1;
903
904         /*
905          * If size is set but less than the min block size, complain
906          */
907         if (o->size && o->size < td_min_bs(td)) {
908                 log_err("fio: size too small, must not be less than minimum block size: %llu < %llu\n",
909                         (unsigned long long) o->size, td_min_bs(td));
910                 ret |= 1;
911         }
912
913         /*
914          * O_ATOMIC implies O_DIRECT
915          */
916         if (o->oatomic)
917                 o->odirect = 1;
918
919         /*
920          * If randseed is set, that overrides randrepeat
921          */
922         if (fio_option_is_set(o, rand_seed))
923                 o->rand_repeatable = 0;
924
925         if (td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_NOEXTEND) && o->file_append) {
926                 log_err("fio: can't append/extent with IO engine %s\n", td->io_ops->name);
927                 ret |= 1;
928         }
929
930         if (fio_option_is_set(o, gtod_cpu)) {
931                 fio_gtod_init();
932                 fio_gtod_set_cpu(o->gtod_cpu);
933                 fio_gtod_offload = 1;
934         }
935
936         td->loops = o->loops;
937         if (!td->loops)
938                 td->loops = 1;
939
940         if (o->block_error_hist && o->nr_files != 1) {
941                 log_err("fio: block error histogram only available "
942                         "with a single file per job, but %d files "
943                         "provided\n", o->nr_files);
944                 ret |= 1;
945         }
946
947         if (o->disable_lat)
948                 o->lat_percentiles = 0;
949         if (o->disable_clat)
950                 o->clat_percentiles = 0;
951         if (o->disable_slat)
952                 o->slat_percentiles = 0;
953
954         /*
955          * Fix these up to be nsec internally
956          */
957         o->max_latency *= 1000ULL;
958         o->latency_target *= 1000ULL;
959         o->latency_window *= 1000ULL;
960
961         return ret;
962 }
963
964 static void init_rand_file_service(struct thread_data *td)
965 {
966         unsigned long nranges = td->o.nr_files << FIO_FSERVICE_SHIFT;
967         const unsigned int seed = td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_FILE_OFF];
968
969         if (td->o.file_service_type == FIO_FSERVICE_ZIPF) {
970                 zipf_init(&td->next_file_zipf, nranges, td->zipf_theta, seed);
971                 zipf_disable_hash(&td->next_file_zipf);
972         } else if (td->o.file_service_type == FIO_FSERVICE_PARETO) {
973                 pareto_init(&td->next_file_zipf, nranges, td->pareto_h, seed);
974                 zipf_disable_hash(&td->next_file_zipf);
975         } else if (td->o.file_service_type == FIO_FSERVICE_GAUSS) {
976                 gauss_init(&td->next_file_gauss, nranges, td->gauss_dev, seed);
977                 gauss_disable_hash(&td->next_file_gauss);
978         }
979 }
980
981 void td_fill_verify_state_seed(struct thread_data *td)
982 {
983         bool use64;
984
985         if (td->o.random_generator == FIO_RAND_GEN_TAUSWORTHE64)
986                 use64 = true;
987         else
988                 use64 = false;
989
990         init_rand_seed(&td->verify_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_VER_OFF],
991                 use64);
992 }
993
994 static void td_fill_rand_seeds_internal(struct thread_data *td, bool use64)
995 {
996         uint64_t read_seed = td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BS_OFF];
997         uint64_t write_seed = td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BS1_OFF];
998         uint64_t trim_seed = td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BS2_OFF];
999         int i;
1000
1001         /*
1002          * trimwrite is special in that we need to generate the same
1003          * offsets to get the "write after trim" effect. If we are
1004          * using bssplit to set buffer length distributions, ensure that
1005          * we seed the trim and write generators identically. Ditto for
1006          * verify, read and writes must have the same seed, if we are doing
1007          * read verify.
1008          */
1009         if (td->o.verify != VERIFY_NONE)
1010                 write_seed = read_seed;
1011         if (td_trimwrite(td))
1012                 trim_seed = write_seed;
1013         init_rand_seed(&td->bsrange_state[DDIR_READ], read_seed, use64);
1014         init_rand_seed(&td->bsrange_state[DDIR_WRITE], write_seed, use64);
1015         init_rand_seed(&td->bsrange_state[DDIR_TRIM], trim_seed, use64);
1016
1017         td_fill_verify_state_seed(td);
1018         init_rand_seed(&td->rwmix_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_MIX_OFF], false);
1019
1020         if (td->o.file_service_type == FIO_FSERVICE_RANDOM)
1021                 init_rand_seed(&td->next_file_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_FILE_OFF], use64);
1022         else if (td->o.file_service_type & __FIO_FSERVICE_NONUNIFORM)
1023                 init_rand_file_service(td);
1024
1025         init_rand_seed(&td->file_size_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_FILE_SIZE_OFF], use64);
1026         init_rand_seed(&td->trim_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_TRIM_OFF], use64);
1027         init_rand_seed(&td->delay_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_START_DELAY], use64);
1028         init_rand_seed(&td->poisson_state[0], td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_POISSON_OFF], 0);
1029         init_rand_seed(&td->poisson_state[1], td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_POISSON2_OFF], 0);
1030         init_rand_seed(&td->poisson_state[2], td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_POISSON3_OFF], 0);
1031         init_rand_seed(&td->dedupe_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_DEDUPE_OFF], false);
1032         init_rand_seed(&td->zone_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_ZONE_OFF], false);
1033         init_rand_seed(&td->prio_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_PRIO_CMDS], false);
1034
1035         if (!td_random(td))
1036                 return;
1037
1038         if (td->o.rand_repeatable)
1039                 td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BLOCK_OFF] = FIO_RANDSEED * td->thread_number;
1040
1041         init_rand_seed(&td->random_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BLOCK_OFF], use64);
1042
1043         for (i = 0; i < DDIR_RWDIR_CNT; i++) {
1044                 struct frand_state *s = &td->seq_rand_state[i];
1045
1046                 init_rand_seed(s, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_SEQ_RAND_READ_OFF], false);
1047         }
1048 }
1049
1050 void td_fill_rand_seeds(struct thread_data *td)
1051 {
1052         bool use64;
1053
1054         if (td->o.allrand_repeatable) {
1055                 unsigned int i;
1056
1057                 for (i = 0; i < FIO_RAND_NR_OFFS; i++)
1058                         td->rand_seeds[i] = FIO_RANDSEED * td->thread_number
1059                                 + i;
1060         }
1061
1062         if (td->o.random_generator == FIO_RAND_GEN_TAUSWORTHE64)
1063                 use64 = true;
1064         else
1065                 use64 = false;
1066
1067         td_fill_rand_seeds_internal(td, use64);
1068
1069         init_rand_seed(&td->buf_state, td->rand_seeds[FIO_RAND_BUF_OFF], use64);
1070         frand_copy(&td->buf_state_prev, &td->buf_state);
1071 }
1072
1073 /*
1074  * Initializes the ioengine configured for a job, if it has not been done so
1075  * already.
1076  */
1077 int ioengine_load(struct thread_data *td)
1078 {
1079         if (!td->o.ioengine) {
1080                 log_err("fio: internal fault, no IO engine specified\n");
1081                 return 1;
1082         }
1083
1084         if (td->io_ops) {
1085                 struct ioengine_ops *ops;
1086                 void *dlhandle;
1087
1088                 /* An engine is loaded, but the requested ioengine
1089                  * may have changed.
1090                  */
1091                 if (!strcmp(td->io_ops->name, td->o.ioengine)) {
1092                         /* The right engine is already loaded */
1093                         return 0;
1094                 }
1095
1096                 /*
1097                  * Name of file and engine may be different, load ops
1098                  * for this name and see if they match. If they do, then
1099                  * the engine is unchanged.
1100                  */
1101                 dlhandle = td->io_ops_dlhandle;
1102                 ops = load_ioengine(td);
1103                 if (ops == td->io_ops && dlhandle == td->io_ops_dlhandle) {
1104                         if (dlhandle)
1105                                 dlclose(dlhandle);
1106                         return 0;
1107                 }
1108
1109                 if (dlhandle && dlhandle != td->io_ops_dlhandle)
1110                         dlclose(dlhandle);
1111
1112                 /* Unload the old engine. */
1113                 free_ioengine(td);
1114         }
1115
1116         td->io_ops = load_ioengine(td);
1117         if (!td->io_ops) {
1118                 log_err("fio: failed to load engine\n");
1119                 return 1;
1120         }
1121
1122         if (td->io_ops->option_struct_size && td->io_ops->options) {
1123                 /*
1124                  * In cases where td->eo is set, clone it for a child thread.
1125                  * This requires that the parent thread has the same ioengine,
1126                  * but that requirement must be enforced by the code which
1127                  * cloned the thread.
1128                  */
1129                 void *origeo = td->eo;
1130                 /*
1131                  * Otherwise use the default thread options.
1132                  */
1133                 if (!origeo && td != &def_thread && def_thread.eo &&
1134                     def_thread.io_ops->options == td->io_ops->options)
1135                         origeo = def_thread.eo;
1136
1137                 options_init(td->io_ops->options);
1138                 td->eo = malloc(td->io_ops->option_struct_size);
1139                 /*
1140                  * Use the default thread as an option template if this uses the
1141                  * same options structure and there are non-default options
1142                  * used.
1143                  */
1144                 if (origeo) {
1145                         memcpy(td->eo, origeo, td->io_ops->option_struct_size);
1146                         options_mem_dupe(td->io_ops->options, td->eo);
1147                 } else {
1148                         memset(td->eo, 0, td->io_ops->option_struct_size);
1149                         fill_default_options(td->eo, td->io_ops->options);
1150                 }
1151                 *(struct thread_data **)td->eo = td;
1152         }
1153
1154         if (td->o.odirect)
1155                 td->io_ops->flags |= FIO_RAWIO;
1156
1157         td_set_ioengine_flags(td);
1158         return 0;
1159 }
1160
1161 static void init_flags(struct thread_data *td)
1162 {
1163         struct thread_options *o = &td->o;
1164         int i;
1165
1166         if (o->verify_backlog)
1167                 td->flags |= TD_F_VER_BACKLOG;
1168         if (o->trim_backlog)
1169                 td->flags |= TD_F_TRIM_BACKLOG;
1170         if (o->read_iolog_file)
1171                 td->flags |= TD_F_READ_IOLOG;
1172         if (o->refill_buffers)
1173                 td->flags |= TD_F_REFILL_BUFFERS;
1174         /*
1175          * Always scramble buffers if asked to
1176          */
1177         if (o->scramble_buffers && fio_option_is_set(o, scramble_buffers))
1178                 td->flags |= TD_F_SCRAMBLE_BUFFERS;
1179         /*
1180          * But also scramble buffers, unless we were explicitly asked
1181          * to zero them.
1182          */
1183         if (o->scramble_buffers && !(o->zero_buffers &&
1184             fio_option_is_set(o, zero_buffers)))
1185                 td->flags |= TD_F_SCRAMBLE_BUFFERS;
1186         if (o->verify != VERIFY_NONE)
1187                 td->flags |= TD_F_DO_VERIFY;
1188
1189         if (o->verify_async || o->io_submit_mode == IO_MODE_OFFLOAD)
1190                 td->flags |= TD_F_NEED_LOCK;
1191
1192         if (o->mem_type == MEM_CUDA_MALLOC)
1193                 td->flags &= ~TD_F_SCRAMBLE_BUFFERS;
1194
1195         for (i = 0; i < DDIR_RWDIR_CNT; i++) {
1196                 if (option_check_rate(td, i)) {
1197                         td->flags |= TD_F_CHECK_RATE;
1198                         break;
1199                 }
1200         }
1201 }
1202
1203 static int setup_random_seeds(struct thread_data *td)
1204 {
1205         uint64_t seed;
1206         unsigned int i;
1207
1208         if (!td->o.rand_repeatable && !fio_option_is_set(&td->o, rand_seed)) {
1209                 int ret = init_random_seeds(td->rand_seeds, sizeof(td->rand_seeds));
1210                 if (!ret)
1211                         td_fill_rand_seeds(td);
1212                 return ret;
1213         }
1214
1215         seed = td->o.rand_seed;
1216         for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
1217                 seed *= 0x9e370001UL;
1218
1219         for (i = 0; i < FIO_RAND_NR_OFFS; i++) {
1220                 td->rand_seeds[i] = seed * td->thread_number + i;
1221                 seed *= 0x9e370001UL;
1222         }
1223
1224         td_fill_rand_seeds(td);
1225         return 0;
1226 }
1227
1228 enum {
1229         FPRE_NONE = 0,
1230         FPRE_JOBNAME,
1231         FPRE_JOBNUM,
1232         FPRE_FILENUM
1233 };
1234
1235 static struct fpre_keyword {
1236         const char *keyword;
1237         size_t strlen;
1238         int key;
1239 } fpre_keywords[] = {
1240         { .keyword = "$jobname",        .key = FPRE_JOBNAME, },
1241         { .keyword = "$jobnum",         .key = FPRE_JOBNUM, },
1242         { .keyword = "$filenum",        .key = FPRE_FILENUM, },
1243         { .keyword = NULL, },
1244         };
1245
1246 static char *make_filename(char *buf, size_t buf_size,struct thread_options *o,
1247                            const char *jobname, int jobnum, int filenum)
1248 {
1249         struct fpre_keyword *f;
1250         char copy[PATH_MAX];
1251         size_t dst_left = PATH_MAX - 1;
1252
1253         if (!o->filename_format || !strlen(o->filename_format)) {
1254                 sprintf(buf, "%s.%d.%d", jobname, jobnum, filenum);
1255                 return buf;
1256         }
1257
1258         for (f = &fpre_keywords[0]; f->keyword; f++)
1259                 f->strlen = strlen(f->keyword);
1260
1261         snprintf(buf, buf_size, "%s", o->filename_format);
1262
1263         memset(copy, 0, sizeof(copy));
1264         for (f = &fpre_keywords[0]; f->keyword; f++) {
1265                 do {
1266                         size_t pre_len, post_start = 0;
1267                         char *str, *dst = copy;
1268
1269                         str = strcasestr(buf, f->keyword);
1270                         if (!str)
1271                                 break;
1272
1273                         pre_len = str - buf;
1274                         if (strlen(str) != f->strlen)
1275                                 post_start = pre_len + f->strlen;
1276
1277                         if (pre_len) {
1278                                 strncpy(dst, buf, pre_len);
1279                                 dst += pre_len;
1280                                 dst_left -= pre_len;
1281                         }
1282
1283                         switch (f->key) {
1284                         case FPRE_JOBNAME: {
1285                                 int ret;
1286
1287                                 ret = snprintf(dst, dst_left, "%s", jobname);
1288                                 if (ret < 0)
1289                                         break;
1290                                 else if (ret > dst_left) {
1291                                         log_err("fio: truncated filename\n");
1292                                         dst += dst_left;
1293                                         dst_left = 0;
1294                                 } else {
1295                                         dst += ret;
1296                                         dst_left -= ret;
1297                                 }
1298                                 break;
1299                                 }
1300                         case FPRE_JOBNUM: {
1301                                 int ret;
1302
1303                                 ret = snprintf(dst, dst_left, "%d", jobnum);
1304                                 if (ret < 0)
1305                                         break;
1306                                 else if (ret > dst_left) {
1307                                         log_err("fio: truncated filename\n");
1308                                         dst += dst_left;
1309                                         dst_left = 0;
1310                                 } else {
1311                                         dst += ret;
1312                                         dst_left -= ret;
1313                                 }
1314                                 break;
1315                                 }
1316                         case FPRE_FILENUM: {
1317                                 int ret;
1318
1319                                 ret = snprintf(dst, dst_left, "%d", filenum);
1320                                 if (ret < 0)
1321                                         break;
1322                                 else if (ret > dst_left) {
1323                                         log_err("fio: truncated filename\n");
1324                                         dst += dst_left;
1325                                         dst_left = 0;
1326                                 } else {
1327                                         dst += ret;
1328                                         dst_left -= ret;
1329                                 }
1330                                 break;
1331                                 }
1332                         default:
1333                                 assert(0);
1334                                 break;
1335                         }
1336
1337                         if (post_start)
1338                                 strncpy(dst, buf + post_start, dst_left);
1339
1340                         snprintf(buf, buf_size, "%s", copy);
1341                 } while (1);
1342         }
1343
1344         return buf;
1345 }
1346
1347 bool parse_dryrun(void)
1348 {
1349         return dump_cmdline || parse_only;
1350 }
1351
1352 static void gen_log_name(char *name, size_t size, const char *logtype,
1353                          const char *logname, unsigned int num,
1354                          const char *suf, int per_job)
1355 {
1356         if (per_job)
1357                 snprintf(name, size, "%s_%s.%d.%s", logname, logtype, num, suf);
1358         else
1359                 snprintf(name, size, "%s_%s.%s", logname, logtype, suf);
1360 }
1361
1362 static int check_waitees(char *waitee)
1363 {
1364         struct thread_data *td;
1365         int i, ret = 0;
1366
1367         for_each_td(td, i) {
1368                 if (td->subjob_number)
1369                         continue;
1370
1371                 ret += !strcmp(td->o.name, waitee);
1372         }
1373
1374         return ret;
1375 }
1376
1377 static bool wait_for_ok(const char *jobname, struct thread_options *o)
1378 {
1379         int nw;
1380
1381         if (!o->wait_for)
1382                 return true;
1383
1384         if (!strcmp(jobname, o->wait_for)) {
1385                 log_err("%s: a job cannot wait for itself (wait_for=%s).\n",
1386                                 jobname, o->wait_for);
1387                 return false;
1388         }
1389
1390         if (!(nw = check_waitees(o->wait_for))) {
1391                 log_err("%s: waitee job %s unknown.\n", jobname, o->wait_for);
1392                 return false;
1393         }
1394
1395         if (nw > 1) {
1396                 log_err("%s: multiple waitees %s found,\n"
1397                         "please avoid duplicates when using wait_for option.\n",
1398                                 jobname, o->wait_for);
1399                 return false;
1400         }
1401
1402         return true;
1403 }
1404
1405 /*
1406  * Treat an empty log file name the same as a one not given
1407  */
1408 static const char *make_log_name(const char *logname, const char *jobname)
1409 {
1410         if (logname && strcmp(logname, ""))
1411                 return logname;
1412
1413         return jobname;
1414 }
1415
1416 /*
1417  * Adds a job to the list of things todo. Sanitizes the various options
1418  * to make sure we don't have conflicts, and initializes various
1419  * members of td.
1420  */
1421 static int add_job(struct thread_data *td, const char *jobname, int job_add_num,
1422                    int recursed, int client_type)
1423 {
1424         unsigned int i;
1425         char fname[PATH_MAX + 1];
1426         int numjobs, file_alloced;
1427         struct thread_options *o = &td->o;
1428         char logname[PATH_MAX + 32];
1429
1430         /*
1431          * the def_thread is just for options, it's not a real job
1432          */
1433         if (td == &def_thread)
1434                 return 0;
1435
1436         init_flags(td);
1437
1438         /*
1439          * if we are just dumping the output command line, don't add the job
1440          */
1441         if (parse_dryrun()) {
1442                 put_job(td);
1443                 return 0;
1444         }
1445
1446         td->client_type = client_type;
1447
1448         if (profile_td_init(td))
1449                 goto err;
1450
1451         if (ioengine_load(td))
1452                 goto err;
1453
1454         file_alloced = 0;
1455         if (!o->filename && !td->files_index && !o->read_iolog_file) {
1456                 file_alloced = 1;
1457
1458                 if (o->nr_files == 1 && exists_and_not_regfile(jobname))
1459                         add_file(td, jobname, job_add_num, 0);
1460                 else {
1461                         for (i = 0; i < o->nr_files; i++)
1462                                 add_file(td, make_filename(fname, sizeof(fname), o, jobname, job_add_num, i), job_add_num, 0);
1463                 }
1464         }
1465
1466         if (setup_random_seeds(td)) {
1467                 td_verror(td, errno, "setup_random_seeds");
1468                 goto err;
1469         }
1470
1471         if (fixup_options(td))
1472                 goto err;
1473
1474         /*
1475          * Belongs to fixup_options, but o->name is not necessarily set as yet
1476          */
1477         if (!wait_for_ok(jobname, o))
1478                 goto err;
1479
1480         flow_init_job(td);
1481
1482         /*
1483          * IO engines only need this for option callbacks, and the address may
1484          * change in subprocesses.
1485          */
1486         if (td->eo)
1487                 *(struct thread_data **)td->eo = NULL;
1488
1489         if (td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_DISKLESSIO)) {
1490                 struct fio_file *f;
1491
1492                 for_each_file(td, f, i)
1493                         f->real_file_size = -1ULL;
1494         }
1495
1496         td->sem = fio_sem_init(FIO_SEM_LOCKED);
1497
1498         td->ts.clat_percentiles = o->clat_percentiles;
1499         td->ts.lat_percentiles = o->lat_percentiles;
1500         td->ts.slat_percentiles = o->slat_percentiles;
1501         td->ts.percentile_precision = o->percentile_precision;
1502         memcpy(td->ts.percentile_list, o->percentile_list, sizeof(o->percentile_list));
1503         td->ts.sig_figs = o->sig_figs;
1504
1505         for (i = 0; i < DDIR_RWDIR_CNT; i++) {
1506                 td->ts.clat_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1507                 td->ts.slat_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1508                 td->ts.lat_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1509                 td->ts.bw_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1510                 td->ts.iops_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1511                 td->ts.clat_high_prio_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1512                 td->ts.clat_low_prio_stat[i].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1513         }
1514         td->ts.sync_stat.min_val = ULONG_MAX;
1515         td->ddir_seq_nr = o->ddir_seq_nr;
1516
1517         if ((o->stonewall || o->new_group) && prev_group_jobs) {
1518                 prev_group_jobs = 0;
1519                 groupid++;
1520                 if (groupid == INT_MAX) {
1521                         log_err("fio: too many groups defined\n");
1522                         goto err;
1523                 }
1524         }
1525
1526         td->groupid = groupid;
1527         prev_group_jobs++;
1528
1529         if (setup_rate(td))
1530                 goto err;
1531
1532         if (o->write_lat_log) {
1533                 struct log_params p = {
1534                         .td = td,
1535                         .avg_msec = o->log_avg_msec,
1536                         .hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec,
1537                         .hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness,
1538                         .log_type = IO_LOG_TYPE_LAT,
1539                         .log_offset = o->log_offset,
1540                         .log_gz = o->log_gz,
1541                         .log_gz_store = o->log_gz_store,
1542                 };
1543                 const char *pre = make_log_name(o->lat_log_file, o->name);
1544                 const char *suf;
1545
1546                 if (p.log_gz_store)
1547                         suf = "log.fz";
1548                 else
1549                         suf = "log";
1550
1551                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "lat", pre,
1552                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1553                 setup_log(&td->lat_log, &p, logname);
1554
1555                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "slat", pre,
1556                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1557                 setup_log(&td->slat_log, &p, logname);
1558
1559                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "clat", pre,
1560                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1561                 setup_log(&td->clat_log, &p, logname);
1562
1563         }
1564
1565         if (o->write_hist_log) {
1566                 struct log_params p = {
1567                         .td = td,
1568                         .avg_msec = o->log_avg_msec,
1569                         .hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec,
1570                         .hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness,
1571                         .log_type = IO_LOG_TYPE_HIST,
1572                         .log_offset = o->log_offset,
1573                         .log_gz = o->log_gz,
1574                         .log_gz_store = o->log_gz_store,
1575                 };
1576                 const char *pre = make_log_name(o->hist_log_file, o->name);
1577                 const char *suf;
1578
1579 #ifndef CONFIG_ZLIB
1580                 if (td->client_type) {
1581                         log_err("fio: --write_hist_log requires zlib in client/server mode\n");
1582                         goto err;
1583                 }
1584 #endif
1585
1586                 if (p.log_gz_store)
1587                         suf = "log.fz";
1588                 else
1589                         suf = "log";
1590
1591                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "clat_hist", pre,
1592                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1593                 setup_log(&td->clat_hist_log, &p, logname);
1594         }
1595
1596         if (o->write_bw_log) {
1597                 struct log_params p = {
1598                         .td = td,
1599                         .avg_msec = o->log_avg_msec,
1600                         .hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec,
1601                         .hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness,
1602                         .log_type = IO_LOG_TYPE_BW,
1603                         .log_offset = o->log_offset,
1604                         .log_gz = o->log_gz,
1605                         .log_gz_store = o->log_gz_store,
1606                 };
1607                 const char *pre = make_log_name(o->bw_log_file, o->name);
1608                 const char *suf;
1609
1610                 if (fio_option_is_set(o, bw_avg_time))
1611                         p.avg_msec = min(o->log_avg_msec, o->bw_avg_time);
1612                 else
1613                         o->bw_avg_time = p.avg_msec;
1614
1615                 p.hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec;
1616                 p.hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness;
1617
1618                 if (p.log_gz_store)
1619                         suf = "log.fz";
1620                 else
1621                         suf = "log";
1622
1623                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "bw", pre,
1624                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1625                 setup_log(&td->bw_log, &p, logname);
1626         }
1627         if (o->write_iops_log) {
1628                 struct log_params p = {
1629                         .td = td,
1630                         .avg_msec = o->log_avg_msec,
1631                         .hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec,
1632                         .hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness,
1633                         .log_type = IO_LOG_TYPE_IOPS,
1634                         .log_offset = o->log_offset,
1635                         .log_gz = o->log_gz,
1636                         .log_gz_store = o->log_gz_store,
1637                 };
1638                 const char *pre = make_log_name(o->iops_log_file, o->name);
1639                 const char *suf;
1640
1641                 if (fio_option_is_set(o, iops_avg_time))
1642                         p.avg_msec = min(o->log_avg_msec, o->iops_avg_time);
1643                 else
1644                         o->iops_avg_time = p.avg_msec;
1645
1646                 p.hist_msec = o->log_hist_msec;
1647                 p.hist_coarseness = o->log_hist_coarseness;
1648
1649                 if (p.log_gz_store)
1650                         suf = "log.fz";
1651                 else
1652                         suf = "log";
1653
1654                 gen_log_name(logname, sizeof(logname), "iops", pre,
1655                                 td->thread_number, suf, o->per_job_logs);
1656                 setup_log(&td->iops_log, &p, logname);
1657         }
1658
1659         if (!o->name)
1660                 o->name = strdup(jobname);
1661
1662         if (output_format & FIO_OUTPUT_NORMAL) {
1663                 if (!job_add_num) {
1664                         if (is_backend && !recursed)
1665                                 fio_server_send_add_job(td);
1666
1667                         if (!td_ioengine_flagged(td, FIO_NOIO)) {
1668                                 char *c1, *c2, *c3, *c4;
1669                                 char *c5 = NULL, *c6 = NULL;
1670                                 int i2p = is_power_of_2(o->kb_base);
1671                                 struct buf_output out;
1672
1673                                 c1 = num2str(o->min_bs[DDIR_READ], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1674                                 c2 = num2str(o->max_bs[DDIR_READ], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1675                                 c3 = num2str(o->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1676                                 c4 = num2str(o->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1677
1678                                 if (!o->bs_is_seq_rand) {
1679                                         c5 = num2str(o->min_bs[DDIR_TRIM], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1680                                         c6 = num2str(o->max_bs[DDIR_TRIM], o->sig_figs, 1, i2p, N2S_BYTE);
1681                                 }
1682
1683                                 buf_output_init(&out);
1684                                 __log_buf(&out, "%s: (g=%d): rw=%s, ", td->o.name,
1685                                                         td->groupid,
1686                                                         ddir_str(o->td_ddir));
1687
1688                                 if (o->bs_is_seq_rand)
1689                                         __log_buf(&out, "bs=(R) %s-%s, (W) %s-%s, bs_is_seq_rand, ",
1690                                                         c1, c2, c3, c4);
1691                                 else
1692                                         __log_buf(&out, "bs=(R) %s-%s, (W) %s-%s, (T) %s-%s, ",
1693                                                         c1, c2, c3, c4, c5, c6);
1694
1695                                 __log_buf(&out, "ioengine=%s, iodepth=%u\n",
1696                                                 td->io_ops->name, o->iodepth);
1697                                 log_info_buf(out.buf, out.buflen);
1698                                 buf_output_free(&out);
1699
1700                                 free(c1);
1701                                 free(c2);
1702                                 free(c3);
1703                                 free(c4);
1704                                 free(c5);
1705                                 free(c6);
1706                         }
1707                 } else if (job_add_num == 1)
1708                         log_info("...\n");
1709         }
1710
1711         if (td_steadystate_init(td))
1712                 goto err;
1713
1714         if (o->merge_blktrace_file && !merge_blktrace_iologs(td))
1715                 goto err;
1716
1717         if (merge_blktrace_only) {
1718                 put_job(td);
1719                 return 0;
1720         }
1721
1722         /*
1723          * recurse add identical jobs, clear numjobs and stonewall options
1724          * as they don't apply to sub-jobs
1725          */
1726         numjobs = o->numjobs;
1727         while (--numjobs) {
1728                 struct thread_data *td_new = get_new_job(false, td, true, jobname);
1729
1730                 if (!td_new)
1731                         goto err;
1732
1733                 td_new->o.numjobs = 1;
1734                 td_new->o.stonewall = 0;
1735                 td_new->o.new_group = 0;
1736                 td_new->subjob_number = numjobs;
1737                 td_new->o.ss_dur = o->ss_dur * 1000000l;
1738                 td_new->o.ss_limit = o->ss_limit;
1739
1740                 if (file_alloced) {
1741                         if (td_new->files) {
1742                                 struct fio_file *f;
1743                                 for_each_file(td_new, f, i) {
1744                                         if (f->file_name)
1745                                                 sfree(f->file_name);
1746                                         sfree(f);
1747                                 }
1748                                 free(td_new->files);
1749                                 td_new->files = NULL;
1750                         }
1751                         td_new->files_index = 0;
1752                         td_new->files_size = 0;
1753                         if (td_new->o.filename) {
1754                                 free(td_new->o.filename);
1755                                 td_new->o.filename = NULL;
1756                         }
1757                 }
1758
1759                 if (add_job(td_new, jobname, numjobs, 1, client_type))
1760                         goto err;
1761         }
1762
1763         return 0;
1764 err:
1765         put_job(td);
1766         return -1;
1767 }
1768
1769 /*
1770  * Parse as if 'o' was a command line
1771  */
1772 void add_job_opts(const char **o, int client_type)
1773 {
1774         struct thread_data *td, *td_parent;
1775         int i, in_global = 1;
1776         char jobname[32];
1777
1778         i = 0;
1779         td_parent = td = NULL;
1780         while (o[i]) {
1781                 if (!strncmp(o[i], "name", 4)) {
1782                         in_global = 0;
1783                         if (td)
1784                                 add_job(td, jobname, 0, 0, client_type);
1785                         td = NULL;
1786                         sprintf(jobname, "%s", o[i] + 5);
1787                 }
1788                 if (in_global && !td_parent)
1789                         td_parent = get_new_job(true, &def_thread, false, jobname);
1790                 else if (!in_global && !td) {
1791                         if (!td_parent)
1792                                 td_parent = &def_thread;
1793                         td = get_new_job(false, td_parent, false, jobname);
1794                 }
1795                 if (in_global)
1796                         fio_options_parse(td_parent, (char **) &o[i], 1);
1797                 else
1798                         fio_options_parse(td, (char **) &o[i], 1);
1799                 i++;
1800         }
1801
1802         if (td)
1803                 add_job(td, jobname, 0, 0, client_type);
1804 }
1805
1806 static int skip_this_section(const char *name)
1807 {
1808         int i;
1809
1810         if (!nr_job_sections)
1811                 return 0;
1812         if (!strncmp(name, "global", 6))
1813                 return 0;
1814
1815         for (i = 0; i < nr_job_sections; i++)
1816                 if (!strcmp(job_sections[i], name))
1817                         return 0;
1818
1819         return 1;
1820 }
1821
1822 static int is_empty_or_comment(char *line)
1823 {
1824         unsigned int i;
1825
1826         for (i = 0; i < strlen(line); i++) {
1827                 if (line[i] == ';')
1828                         return 1;
1829                 if (line[i] == '#')
1830                         return 1;
1831                 if (!isspace((int) line[i]) && !iscntrl((int) line[i]))
1832                         return 0;
1833         }
1834
1835         return 1;
1836 }
1837
1838 /*
1839  * This is our [ini] type file parser.
1840  */
1841 static int __parse_jobs_ini(struct thread_data *td,
1842                 char *file, int is_buf, int stonewall_flag, int type,
1843                 int nested, char *name, char ***popts, int *aopts, int *nopts)
1844 {
1845         bool global = false;
1846         char *string;
1847         FILE *f;
1848         char *p;
1849         int ret = 0, stonewall;
1850         int first_sect = 1;
1851         int skip_fgets = 0;
1852         int inside_skip = 0;
1853         char **opts;
1854         int i, alloc_opts, num_opts;
1855
1856         dprint(FD_PARSE, "Parsing ini file %s\n", file);
1857         assert(td || !nested);
1858
1859         if (is_buf)
1860                 f = NULL;
1861         else {
1862                 if (!strcmp(file, "-"))
1863                         f = stdin;
1864                 else
1865                         f = fopen(file, "r");
1866
1867                 if (!f) {
1868                         int __err = errno;
1869
1870                         log_err("fio: unable to open '%s' job file\n", file);
1871                         if (td)
1872                                 td_verror(td, __err, "job file open");
1873                         return 1;
1874                 }
1875         }
1876
1877         string = malloc(OPT_LEN_MAX);
1878
1879         /*
1880          * it's really 256 + small bit, 280 should suffice
1881          */
1882         if (!nested) {
1883                 name = malloc(280);
1884                 memset(name, 0, 280);
1885         }
1886
1887         opts = NULL;
1888         if (nested && popts) {
1889                 opts = *popts;
1890                 alloc_opts = *aopts;
1891                 num_opts = *nopts;
1892         }
1893
1894         if (!opts) {
1895                 alloc_opts = 8;
1896                 opts = malloc(sizeof(char *) * alloc_opts);
1897                 num_opts = 0;
1898         }
1899
1900         stonewall = stonewall_flag;
1901         do {
1902                 /*
1903                  * if skip_fgets is set, we already have loaded a line we
1904                  * haven't handled.
1905                  */
1906                 if (!skip_fgets) {
1907                         if (is_buf)
1908                                 p = strsep(&file, "\n");
1909                         else
1910                                 p = fgets(string, OPT_LEN_MAX, f);
1911                         if (!p)
1912                                 break;
1913                 }
1914
1915                 skip_fgets = 0;
1916                 strip_blank_front(&p);
1917                 strip_blank_end(p);
1918
1919                 dprint(FD_PARSE, "%s\n", p);
1920                 if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1921                         continue;
1922
1923                 if (!nested) {
1924                         if (sscanf(p, "[%255[^\n]]", name) != 1) {
1925                                 if (inside_skip)
1926                                         continue;
1927
1928                                 log_err("fio: option <%s> outside of "
1929                                         "[] job section\n", p);
1930                                 ret = 1;
1931                                 break;
1932                         }
1933
1934                         name[strlen(name) - 1] = '\0';
1935
1936                         if (skip_this_section(name)) {
1937                                 inside_skip = 1;
1938                                 continue;
1939                         } else
1940                                 inside_skip = 0;
1941
1942                         dprint(FD_PARSE, "Parsing section [%s]\n", name);
1943
1944                         global = !strncmp(name, "global", 6);
1945
1946                         if (dump_cmdline) {
1947                                 if (first_sect)
1948                                         log_info("fio ");
1949                                 if (!global)
1950                                         log_info("--name=%s ", name);
1951                                 first_sect = 0;
1952                         }
1953
1954                         td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread, false, name);
1955                         if (!td) {
1956                                 ret = 1;
1957                                 break;
1958                         }
1959
1960                         /*
1961                          * Separate multiple job files by a stonewall
1962                          */
1963                         if (!global && stonewall) {
1964                                 td->o.stonewall = stonewall;
1965                                 stonewall = 0;
1966                         }
1967
1968                         num_opts = 0;
1969                         memset(opts, 0, alloc_opts * sizeof(char *));
1970                 }
1971                 else
1972                         skip_fgets = 1;
1973
1974                 while (1) {
1975                         if (!skip_fgets) {
1976                                 if (is_buf)
1977                                         p = strsep(&file, "\n");
1978                                 else
1979                                         p = fgets(string, OPT_LEN_MAX, f);
1980                                 if (!p)
1981                                         break;
1982                                 dprint(FD_PARSE, "%s", p);
1983                         }
1984                         else
1985                                 skip_fgets = 0;
1986
1987                         if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1988                                 continue;
1989
1990                         strip_blank_front(&p);
1991
1992                         /*
1993                          * new section, break out and make sure we don't
1994                          * fgets() a new line at the top.
1995                          */
1996                         if (p[0] == '[') {
1997                                 if (nested) {
1998                                         log_err("No new sections in included files\n");
1999                                         ret = 1;
2000                                         goto out;
2001                                 }
2002
2003                                 skip_fgets = 1;
2004                                 break;
2005                         }
2006
2007                         strip_blank_end(p);
2008
2009                         if (!strncmp(p, "include", strlen("include"))) {
2010                                 char *filename = p + strlen("include") + 1,
2011                                         *ts, *full_fn = NULL;
2012
2013                                 /*
2014                                  * Allow for the include filename
2015                                  * specification to be relative.
2016                                  */
2017                                 if (access(filename, F_OK) &&
2018                                     (ts = strrchr(file, '/'))) {
2019                                         if (asprintf(&full_fn, "%.*s%s",
2020                                                  (int)(ts - file + 1), file,
2021                                                  filename) < 0) {
2022                                                 ret = ENOMEM;
2023                                                 break;
2024                                         }
2025                                         filename = full_fn;
2026                                 }
2027
2028                                 ret = __parse_jobs_ini(td, filename, is_buf,
2029                                                        stonewall_flag, type, 1,
2030                                                        name, &opts,
2031                                                        &alloc_opts, &num_opts);
2032
2033                                 if (ret) {
2034                                         log_err("Error %d while parsing "
2035                                                 "include file %s\n",
2036                                                 ret, filename);
2037                                 }
2038
2039                                 if (full_fn)
2040                                         free(full_fn);
2041
2042                                 if (ret)
2043                                         break;
2044
2045                                 continue;
2046                         }
2047
2048                         if (num_opts == alloc_opts) {
2049                                 alloc_opts <<= 1;
2050                                 opts = realloc(opts,
2051                                                 alloc_opts * sizeof(char *));
2052                         }
2053
2054                         opts[num_opts] = strdup(p);
2055                         num_opts++;
2056                 }
2057
2058                 if (nested) {
2059                         *popts = opts;
2060                         *aopts = alloc_opts;
2061                         *nopts = num_opts;
2062                         goto out;
2063                 }
2064
2065                 ret = fio_options_parse(td, opts, num_opts);
2066                 if (!ret) {
2067                         if (dump_cmdline)
2068                                 dump_opt_list(td);
2069
2070                         ret = add_job(td, name, 0, 0, type);
2071                 } else {
2072                         log_err("fio: job %s dropped\n", name);
2073                         put_job(td);
2074                 }
2075
2076                 for (i = 0; i < num_opts; i++)
2077                         free(opts[i]);
2078                 num_opts = 0;
2079         } while (!ret);
2080
2081         if (dump_cmdline)
2082                 log_info("\n");
2083
2084         i = 0;
2085         while (i < nr_job_sections) {
2086                 free(job_sections[i]);
2087                 i++;
2088         }
2089
2090         free(opts);
2091 out:
2092         free(string);
2093         if (!nested)
2094                 free(name);
2095         if (!is_buf && f != stdin)
2096                 fclose(f);
2097         return ret;
2098 }
2099
2100 int parse_jobs_ini(char *file, int is_buf, int stonewall_flag, int type)
2101 {
2102         return __parse_jobs_ini(NULL, file, is_buf, stonewall_flag, type,
2103                         0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
2104 }
2105
2106 static int fill_def_thread(void)
2107 {
2108         memset(&def_thread, 0, sizeof(def_thread));
2109         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&def_thread.opt_list);
2110
2111         fio_getaffinity(getpid(), &def_thread.o.cpumask);
2112         def_thread.o.error_dump = 1;
2113
2114         /*
2115          * fill default options
2116          */
2117         fio_fill_default_options(&def_thread);
2118         return 0;
2119 }
2120
2121 static void show_debug_categories(void)
2122 {
2123 #ifdef FIO_INC_DEBUG
2124         const struct debug_level *dl = &debug_levels[0];
2125         int curlen, first = 1;
2126
2127         curlen = 0;
2128         while (dl->name) {
2129                 int has_next = (dl + 1)->name != NULL;
2130
2131                 if (first || curlen + strlen(dl->name) >= 80) {
2132                         if (!first) {
2133                                 printf("\n");
2134                                 curlen = 0;
2135                         }
2136                         curlen += printf("\t\t\t%s", dl->name);
2137                         curlen += 3 * (8 - 1);
2138                         if (has_next)
2139                                 curlen += printf(",");
2140                 } else {
2141                         curlen += printf("%s", dl->name);
2142                         if (has_next)
2143                                 curlen += printf(",");
2144                 }
2145                 dl++;
2146                 first = 0;
2147         }
2148         printf("\n");
2149 #endif
2150 }
2151
2152 /*
2153  * Following options aren't printed by usage().
2154  * --append-terse - Equivalent to --output-format=terse, see f6a7df53.
2155  * --latency-log - Deprecated option.
2156  */
2157 static void usage(const char *name)
2158 {
2159         printf("%s\n", fio_version_string);
2160         printf("%s [options] [job options] <job file(s)>\n", name);
2161         printf("  --debug=options\tEnable debug logging. May be one/more of:\n");
2162         show_debug_categories();
2163         printf("  --parse-only\t\tParse options only, don't start any IO\n");
2164         printf("  --merge-blktrace-only\tMerge blktraces only, don't start any IO\n");
2165         printf("  --output\t\tWrite output to file\n");
2166         printf("  --bandwidth-log\tGenerate aggregate bandwidth logs\n");
2167         printf("  --minimal\t\tMinimal (terse) output\n");
2168         printf("  --output-format=type\tOutput format (terse,json,json+,normal)\n");
2169         printf("  --terse-version=type\tSet terse version output format"
2170                 " (default 3, or 2 or 4)\n");
2171         printf("  --version\t\tPrint version info and exit\n");
2172         printf("  --help\t\tPrint this page\n");
2173         printf("  --cpuclock-test\tPerform test/validation of CPU clock\n");
2174         printf("  --crctest=[type]\tTest speed of checksum functions\n");
2175         printf("  --cmdhelp=cmd\t\tPrint command help, \"all\" for all of"
2176                 " them\n");
2177         printf("  --enghelp=engine\tPrint ioengine help, or list"
2178                 " available ioengines\n");
2179         printf("  --enghelp=engine,cmd\tPrint help for an ioengine"
2180                 " cmd\n");
2181         printf("  --showcmd\t\tTurn a job file into command line options\n");
2182         printf("  --eta=when\t\tWhen ETA estimate should be printed\n");
2183         printf("            \t\tMay be \"always\", \"never\" or \"auto\"\n");
2184         printf("  --eta-newline=t\tForce a new line for every 't'");
2185         printf(" period passed\n");
2186         printf("  --status-interval=t\tForce full status dump every");
2187         printf(" 't' period passed\n");
2188         printf("  --readonly\t\tTurn on safety read-only checks, preventing"
2189                 " writes\n");
2190         printf("  --section=name\tOnly run specified section in job file,"
2191                 " multiple sections can be specified\n");
2192         printf("  --alloc-size=kb\tSet smalloc pool to this size in kb"
2193                 " (def 16384)\n");
2194         printf("  --warnings-fatal\tFio parser warnings are fatal\n");
2195         printf("  --max-jobs=nr\t\tMaximum number of threads/processes to support\n");
2196         printf("  --server=args\t\tStart a backend fio server\n");
2197         printf("  --daemonize=pidfile\tBackground fio server, write pid to file\n");
2198         printf("  --client=hostname\tTalk to remote backend(s) fio server at hostname\n");
2199         printf("  --remote-config=file\tTell fio server to load this local job file\n");
2200         printf("  --idle-prof=option\tReport cpu idleness on a system or percpu basis\n"
2201                 "\t\t\t(option=system,percpu) or run unit work\n"
2202                 "\t\t\tcalibration only (option=calibrate)\n");
2203 #ifdef CONFIG_ZLIB
2204         printf("  --inflate-log=log\tInflate and output compressed log\n");
2205 #endif
2206         printf("  --trigger-file=file\tExecute trigger cmd when file exists\n");
2207         printf("  --trigger-timeout=t\tExecute trigger at this time\n");
2208         printf("  --trigger=cmd\t\tSet this command as local trigger\n");
2209         printf("  --trigger-remote=cmd\tSet this command as remote trigger\n");
2210         printf("  --aux-path=path\tUse this path for fio state generated files\n");
2211         printf("\nFio was written by Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>\n");
2212 }
2213
2214 #ifdef FIO_INC_DEBUG
2215 const struct debug_level debug_levels[] = {
2216         { .name = "process",
2217           .help = "Process creation/exit logging",
2218           .shift = FD_PROCESS,
2219         },
2220         { .name = "file",
2221           .help = "File related action logging",
2222           .shift = FD_FILE,
2223         },
2224         { .name = "io",
2225           .help = "IO and IO engine action logging (offsets, queue, completions, etc)",
2226           .shift = FD_IO,
2227         },
2228         { .name = "mem",
2229           .help = "Memory allocation/freeing logging",
2230           .shift = FD_MEM,
2231         },
2232         { .name = "blktrace",
2233           .help = "blktrace action logging",
2234           .shift = FD_BLKTRACE,
2235         },
2236         { .name = "verify",
2237           .help = "IO verification action logging",
2238           .shift = FD_VERIFY,
2239         },
2240         { .name = "random",
2241           .help = "Random generation logging",
2242           .shift = FD_RANDOM,
2243         },
2244         { .name = "parse",
2245           .help = "Parser logging",
2246           .shift = FD_PARSE,
2247         },
2248         { .name = "diskutil",
2249           .help = "Disk utility logging actions",
2250           .shift = FD_DISKUTIL,
2251         },
2252         { .name = "job",
2253           .help = "Logging related to creating/destroying jobs",
2254           .shift = FD_JOB,
2255         },
2256         { .name = "mutex",
2257           .help = "Mutex logging",
2258           .shift = FD_MUTEX
2259         },
2260         { .name = "profile",
2261           .help = "Logging related to profiles",
2262           .shift = FD_PROFILE,
2263         },
2264         { .name = "time",
2265           .help = "Logging related to time keeping functions",
2266           .shift = FD_TIME,
2267         },
2268         { .name = "net",
2269           .help = "Network logging",
2270           .shift = FD_NET,
2271         },
2272         { .name = "rate",
2273           .help = "Rate logging",
2274           .shift = FD_RATE,
2275         },
2276         { .name = "compress",
2277           .help = "Log compression logging",
2278           .shift = FD_COMPRESS,
2279         },
2280         { .name = "steadystate",
2281           .help = "Steady state detection logging",
2282           .shift = FD_STEADYSTATE,
2283         },
2284         { .name = "helperthread",
2285           .help = "Helper thread logging",
2286           .shift = FD_HELPERTHREAD,
2287         },
2288         { .name = "zbd",
2289           .help = "Zoned Block Device logging",
2290           .shift = FD_ZBD,
2291         },
2292         { .name = NULL, },
2293 };
2294
2295 static int set_debug(const char *string)
2296 {
2297         const struct debug_level *dl;
2298         char *p = (char *) string;
2299         char *opt;
2300         int i;
2301
2302         if (!string)
2303                 return 0;
2304
2305         if (!strcmp(string, "?") || !strcmp(string, "help")) {
2306                 log_info("fio: dumping debug options:");
2307                 for (i = 0; debug_levels[i].name; i++) {
2308                         dl = &debug_levels[i];
2309                         log_info("%s,", dl->name);
2310                 }
2311                 log_info("all\n");
2312                 return 1;
2313         }
2314
2315         while ((opt = strsep(&p, ",")) != NULL) {
2316                 int found = 0;
2317
2318                 if (!strncmp(opt, "all", 3)) {
2319                         log_info("fio: set all debug options\n");
2320                         fio_debug = ~0UL;
2321                         continue;
2322                 }
2323
2324                 for (i = 0; debug_levels[i].name; i++) {
2325                         dl = &debug_levels[i];
2326                         found = !strncmp(opt, dl->name, strlen(dl->name));
2327                         if (!found)
2328                                 continue;
2329
2330                         if (dl->shift == FD_JOB) {
2331                                 opt = strchr(opt, ':');
2332                                 if (!opt) {
2333                                         log_err("fio: missing job number\n");
2334                                         break;
2335                                 }
2336                                 opt++;
2337                                 fio_debug_jobno = atoi(opt);
2338                                 log_info("fio: set debug jobno %d\n",
2339                                                         fio_debug_jobno);
2340                         } else {
2341                                 log_info("fio: set debug option %s\n", opt);
2342                                 fio_debug |= (1UL << dl->shift);
2343                         }
2344                         break;
2345                 }
2346
2347                 if (!found)
2348                         log_err("fio: debug mask %s not found\n", opt);
2349         }
2350         return 0;
2351 }
2352 #else
2353 static int set_debug(const char *string)
2354 {
2355         log_err("fio: debug tracing not included in build\n");
2356         return 1;
2357 }
2358 #endif
2359
2360 static void fio_options_fill_optstring(void)
2361 {
2362         char *ostr = cmd_optstr;
2363         int i, c;
2364
2365         c = i = 0;
2366         while (l_opts[i].name) {
2367                 ostr[c++] = l_opts[i].val;
2368                 if (l_opts[i].has_arg == required_argument)
2369                         ostr[c++] = ':';
2370                 else if (l_opts[i].has_arg == optional_argument) {
2371                         ostr[c++] = ':';
2372                         ostr[c++] = ':';
2373                 }
2374                 i++;
2375         }
2376         ostr[c] = '\0';
2377 }
2378
2379 static int client_flag_set(char c)
2380 {
2381         int i;
2382
2383         i = 0;
2384         while (l_opts[i].name) {
2385                 int val = l_opts[i].val;
2386
2387                 if (c == (val & 0xff))
2388                         return (val & FIO_CLIENT_FLAG);
2389
2390                 i++;
2391         }
2392
2393         return 0;
2394 }
2395
2396 static void parse_cmd_client(void *client, char *opt)
2397 {
2398         fio_client_add_cmd_option(client, opt);
2399 }
2400
2401 static void show_closest_option(const char *name)
2402 {
2403         int best_option, best_distance;
2404         int i, distance;
2405
2406         while (*name == '-')
2407                 name++;
2408
2409         best_option = -1;
2410         best_distance = INT_MAX;
2411         i = 0;
2412         while (l_opts[i].name) {
2413                 distance = string_distance(name, l_opts[i].name);
2414                 if (distance < best_distance) {
2415                         best_distance = distance;
2416                         best_option = i;
2417                 }
2418                 i++;
2419         }
2420
2421         if (best_option != -1 && string_distance_ok(name, best_distance))
2422                 log_err("Did you mean %s?\n", l_opts[best_option].name);
2423 }
2424
2425 static int parse_output_format(const char *optarg)
2426 {
2427         char *p, *orig, *opt;
2428         int ret = 0;
2429
2430         p = orig = strdup(optarg);
2431
2432         output_format = 0;
2433
2434         while ((opt = strsep(&p, ",")) != NULL) {
2435                 if (!strcmp(opt, "minimal") ||
2436                     !strcmp(opt, "terse") ||
2437                     !strcmp(opt, "csv"))
2438                         output_format |= FIO_OUTPUT_TERSE;
2439                 else if (!strcmp(opt, "json"))
2440                         output_format |= FIO_OUTPUT_JSON;
2441                 else if (!strcmp(opt, "json+"))
2442                         output_format |= (FIO_OUTPUT_JSON | FIO_OUTPUT_JSON_PLUS);
2443                 else if (!strcmp(opt, "normal"))
2444                         output_format |= FIO_OUTPUT_NORMAL;
2445                 else {
2446                         log_err("fio: invalid output format %s\n", opt);
2447                         ret = 1;
2448                         break;
2449                 }
2450         }
2451
2452         free(orig);
2453         return ret;
2454 }
2455
2456 int parse_cmd_line(int argc, char *argv[], int client_type)
2457 {
2458         struct thread_data *td = NULL;
2459         int c, ini_idx = 0, lidx, ret = 0, do_exit = 0, exit_val = 0;
2460         char *ostr = cmd_optstr;
2461         char *pid_file = NULL;
2462         void *cur_client = NULL;
2463         bool backend = false;
2464
2465         /*
2466          * Reset optind handling, since we may call this multiple times
2467          * for the backend.
2468          */
2469         optind = 1;
2470
2471         while ((c = getopt_long_only(argc, argv, ostr, l_opts, &lidx)) != -1) {
2472                 if ((c & FIO_CLIENT_FLAG) || client_flag_set(c)) {
2473                         parse_cmd_client(cur_client, argv[optind - 1]);
2474                         c &= ~FIO_CLIENT_FLAG;
2475                 }
2476
2477                 switch (c) {
2478                 case 'a':
2479                         smalloc_pool_size = atoi(optarg);
2480                         smalloc_pool_size <<= 10;
2481                         sinit();
2482                         break;
2483                 case 'l':
2484                         log_err("fio: --latency-log is deprecated. Use per-job latency log options.\n");
2485                         do_exit++;
2486                         exit_val = 1;
2487                         break;
2488                 case 'b':
2489                         write_bw_log = true;
2490                         break;
2491                 case 'o': {
2492                         FILE *tmp;
2493
2494                         if (f_out && f_out != stdout)
2495                                 fclose(f_out);
2496
2497                         tmp = fopen(optarg, "w+");
2498                         if (!tmp) {
2499                                 log_err("fio: output file open error: %s\n", strerror(errno));
2500                                 exit_val = 1;
2501                                 do_exit++;
2502                                 break;
2503                         }
2504                         f_err = f_out = tmp;
2505                         break;
2506                         }
2507                 case 'm':
2508                         output_format = FIO_OUTPUT_TERSE;
2509                         break;
2510                 case 'F':
2511                         if (parse_output_format(optarg)) {
2512                                 log_err("fio: failed parsing output-format\n");
2513                                 exit_val = 1;
2514                                 do_exit++;
2515                                 break;
2516                         }
2517                         break;
2518                 case 'f':
2519                         output_format |= FIO_OUTPUT_TERSE;
2520                         break;
2521                 case 'h':
2522                         did_arg = true;
2523                         if (!cur_client) {
2524                                 usage(argv[0]);
2525                                 do_exit++;
2526                         }
2527                         break;
2528                 case 'c':
2529                         did_arg = true;
2530                         if (!cur_client) {
2531                                 fio_show_option_help(optarg);
2532                                 do_exit++;
2533                         }
2534                         break;
2535                 case 'i':
2536                         did_arg = true;
2537                         if (!cur_client) {
2538                                 fio_show_ioengine_help(optarg);
2539                                 do_exit++;
2540                         }
2541                         break;
2542                 case 's':
2543                         did_arg = true;
2544                         dump_cmdline = true;
2545                         break;
2546                 case 'r':
2547                         read_only = 1;
2548                         break;
2549                 case 'v':
2550                         did_arg = true;
2551                         if (!cur_client) {
2552                                 log_info("%s\n", fio_version_string);
2553                                 do_exit++;
2554                         }
2555                         break;
2556                 case 'V':
2557                         terse_version = atoi(optarg);
2558                         if (!(terse_version >= 2 && terse_version <= 5)) {
2559                                 log_err("fio: bad terse version format\n");
2560                                 exit_val = 1;
2561                                 do_exit++;
2562                         }
2563                         break;
2564                 case 'e':
2565                         if (!strcmp("always", optarg))
2566                                 eta_print = FIO_ETA_ALWAYS;
2567                         else if (!strcmp("never", optarg))
2568                                 eta_print = FIO_ETA_NEVER;
2569                         break;
2570                 case 'E': {
2571                         long long t = 0;
2572
2573                         if (check_str_time(optarg, &t, 1)) {
2574                                 log_err("fio: failed parsing eta time %s\n", optarg);
2575                                 exit_val = 1;
2576                                 do_exit++;
2577                                 break;
2578                         }
2579                         eta_new_line = t / 1000;
2580                         if (!eta_new_line) {
2581                                 log_err("fio: eta new line time too short\n");
2582                                 exit_val = 1;
2583                                 do_exit++;
2584                         }
2585                         break;
2586                         }
2587                 case 'O': {
2588                         long long t = 0;
2589
2590                         if (check_str_time(optarg, &t, 1)) {
2591                                 log_err("fio: failed parsing eta interval %s\n", optarg);
2592                                 exit_val = 1;
2593                                 do_exit++;
2594                                 break;
2595                         }
2596                         eta_interval_msec = t / 1000;
2597                         if (eta_interval_msec < DISK_UTIL_MSEC) {
2598                                 log_err("fio: eta interval time too short (%umsec min)\n", DISK_UTIL_MSEC);
2599                                 exit_val = 1;
2600                                 do_exit++;
2601                         }
2602                         break;
2603                         }
2604                 case 'd':
2605                         if (set_debug(optarg))
2606                                 do_exit++;
2607                         break;
2608                 case 'P':
2609                         did_arg = true;
2610                         parse_only = true;
2611                         break;
2612                 case 'x': {
2613                         size_t new_size;
2614
2615                         if (!strcmp(optarg, "global")) {
2616                                 log_err("fio: can't use global as only "
2617                                         "section\n");
2618                                 do_exit++;
2619                                 exit_val = 1;
2620                                 break;
2621                         }
2622                         new_size = (nr_job_sections + 1) * sizeof(char *);
2623                         job_sections = realloc(job_sections, new_size);
2624                         job_sections[nr_job_sections] = strdup(optarg);
2625                         nr_job_sections++;
2626                         break;
2627                         }
2628 #ifdef CONFIG_ZLIB
2629                 case 'X':
2630                         exit_val = iolog_file_inflate(optarg);
2631                         did_arg = true;
2632                         do_exit++;
2633                         break;
2634 #endif
2635                 case 'p':
2636                         did_arg = true;
2637                         if (exec_profile)
2638                                 free(exec_profile);
2639                         exec_profile = strdup(optarg);
2640                         break;
2641                 case FIO_GETOPT_JOB: {
2642                         const char *opt = l_opts[lidx].name;
2643                         char *val = optarg;
2644
2645                         if (!strncmp(opt, "name", 4) && td) {
2646                                 ret = add_job(td, td->o.name ?: "fio", 0, 0, client_type);
2647                                 if (ret)
2648                                         goto out_free;
2649                                 td = NULL;
2650                                 did_arg = true;
2651                         }
2652                         if (!td) {
2653                                 int is_section = !strncmp(opt, "name", 4);
2654                                 int global = 0;
2655
2656                                 if (!is_section || !strncmp(val, "global", 6))
2657                                         global = 1;
2658
2659                                 if (is_section && skip_this_section(val))
2660                                         continue;
2661
2662                                 td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread, true, NULL);
2663                                 if (!td || ioengine_load(td)) {
2664                                         if (td) {
2665                                                 put_job(td);
2666                                                 td = NULL;
2667                                         }
2668                                         do_exit++;
2669                                         exit_val = 1;
2670                                         break;
2671                                 }
2672                                 fio_options_set_ioengine_opts(l_opts, td);
2673                         }
2674
2675                         if ((!val || !strlen(val)) &&
2676                             l_opts[lidx].has_arg == required_argument) {
2677                                 log_err("fio: option %s requires an argument\n", opt);
2678                                 ret = 1;
2679                         } else
2680                                 ret = fio_cmd_option_parse(td, opt, val);
2681
2682                         if (ret) {
2683                                 if (td) {
2684                                         put_job(td);
2685                                         td = NULL;
2686                                 }
2687                                 do_exit++;
2688                                 exit_val = 1;
2689                         }
2690
2691                         if (!ret && !strcmp(opt, "ioengine")) {
2692                                 if (ioengine_load(td)) {
2693                                         put_job(td);
2694                                         td = NULL;
2695                                         do_exit++;
2696                                         exit_val = 1;
2697                                         break;
2698                                 }
2699                                 fio_options_set_ioengine_opts(l_opts, td);
2700                         }
2701                         break;
2702                 }
2703                 case FIO_GETOPT_IOENGINE: {
2704                         const char *opt = l_opts[lidx].name;
2705                         char *val = optarg;
2706
2707                         if (!td)
2708                                 break;
2709
2710                         ret = fio_cmd_ioengine_option_parse(td, opt, val);
2711                         break;
2712                 }
2713                 case 'w':
2714                         warnings_fatal = 1;
2715                         break;
2716                 case 'j':
2717                         max_jobs = atoi(optarg);
2718                         if (!max_jobs || max_jobs > REAL_MAX_JOBS) {
2719                                 log_err("fio: invalid max jobs: %d\n", max_jobs);
2720                                 do_exit++;
2721                                 exit_val = 1;
2722                         }
2723                         break;
2724                 case 'S':
2725                         did_arg = true;
2726 #ifndef CONFIG_NO_SHM
2727                         if (nr_clients) {
2728                                 log_err("fio: can't be both client and server\n");
2729                                 do_exit++;
2730                                 exit_val = 1;
2731                                 break;
2732                         }
2733                         if (optarg)
2734                                 fio_server_set_arg(optarg);
2735                         is_backend = true;
2736                         backend = true;
2737 #else
2738                         log_err("fio: client/server requires SHM support\n");
2739                         do_exit++;
2740                         exit_val = 1;
2741 #endif
2742                         break;
2743                 case 'D':
2744                         if (pid_file)
2745                                 free(pid_file);
2746                         pid_file = strdup(optarg);
2747                         break;
2748                 case 'I':
2749                         if ((ret = fio_idle_prof_parse_opt(optarg))) {
2750                                 /* exit on error and calibration only */
2751                                 did_arg = true;
2752                                 do_exit++;
2753                                 if (ret == -1)
2754                                         exit_val = 1;
2755                         }
2756                         break;
2757                 case 'C':
2758                         did_arg = true;
2759                         if (is_backend) {
2760                                 log_err("fio: can't be both client and server\n");
2761                                 do_exit++;
2762                                 exit_val = 1;
2763                                 break;
2764                         }
2765                         /* if --client parameter contains a pathname */
2766                         if (0 == access(optarg, R_OK)) {
2767                                 /* file contains a list of host addrs or names */
2768                                 char hostaddr[PATH_MAX] = {0};
2769                                 char formatstr[8];
2770                                 FILE * hostf = fopen(optarg, "r");
2771                                 if (!hostf) {
2772                                         log_err("fio: could not open client list file %s for read\n", optarg);
2773                                         do_exit++;
2774                                         exit_val = 1;
2775                                         break;
2776                                 }
2777                                 sprintf(formatstr, "%%%ds", PATH_MAX - 1);
2778                                 /*
2779                                  * read at most PATH_MAX-1 chars from each
2780                                  * record in this file
2781                                  */
2782                                 while (fscanf(hostf, formatstr, hostaddr) == 1) {
2783                                         /* expect EVERY host in file to be valid */
2784                                         if (fio_client_add(&fio_client_ops, hostaddr, &cur_client)) {
2785                                                 log_err("fio: failed adding client %s from file %s\n", hostaddr, optarg);
2786                                                 do_exit++;
2787                                                 exit_val = 1;
2788                                                 break;
2789                                         }
2790                                 }
2791                                 fclose(hostf);
2792                                 break; /* no possibility of job file for "this client only" */
2793                         }
2794                         if (fio_client_add(&fio_client_ops, optarg, &cur_client)) {
2795                                 log_err("fio: failed adding client %s\n", optarg);
2796                                 do_exit++;
2797                                 exit_val = 1;
2798                                 break;
2799                         }
2800                         /*
2801                          * If the next argument exists and isn't an option,
2802                          * assume it's a job file for this client only.
2803                          */
2804                         while (optind < argc) {
2805                                 if (!strncmp(argv[optind], "--", 2) ||
2806                                     !strncmp(argv[optind], "-", 1))
2807                                         break;
2808
2809                                 if (fio_client_add_ini_file(cur_client, argv[optind], false))
2810                                         break;
2811                                 optind++;
2812                         }
2813                         break;
2814                 case 'R':
2815                         did_arg = true;
2816                         if (fio_client_add_ini_file(cur_client, optarg, true)) {
2817                                 do_exit++;
2818                                 exit_val = 1;
2819                         }
2820                         break;
2821                 case 'T':
2822                         did_arg = true;
2823                         do_exit++;
2824                         exit_val = fio_monotonic_clocktest(1);
2825                         break;
2826                 case 'G':
2827                         did_arg = true;
2828                         do_exit++;
2829                         exit_val = fio_crctest(optarg);
2830                         break;
2831                 case 'M':
2832                         did_arg = true;
2833                         do_exit++;
2834                         exit_val = fio_memcpy_test(optarg);
2835                         break;
2836                 case 'L': {
2837                         long long val;
2838
2839                         if (check_str_time(optarg, &val, 1)) {
2840                                 log_err("fio: failed parsing time %s\n", optarg);
2841                                 do_exit++;
2842                                 exit_val = 1;
2843                                 break;
2844                         }
2845                         if (val < 1000) {
2846                                 log_err("fio: status interval too small\n");
2847                                 do_exit++;
2848                                 exit_val = 1;
2849                         }
2850                         status_interval = val / 1000;
2851                         break;
2852                         }
2853                 case 'W':
2854                         if (trigger_file)
2855                                 free(trigger_file);
2856                         trigger_file = strdup(optarg);
2857                         break;
2858                 case 'H':
2859                         if (trigger_cmd)
2860                                 free(trigger_cmd);
2861                         trigger_cmd = strdup(optarg);
2862                         break;
2863                 case 'J':
2864                         if (trigger_remote_cmd)
2865                                 free(trigger_remote_cmd);
2866                         trigger_remote_cmd = strdup(optarg);
2867                         break;
2868                 case 'K':
2869                         if (aux_path)
2870                                 free(aux_path);
2871                         aux_path = strdup(optarg);
2872                         break;
2873                 case 'B':
2874                         if (check_str_time(optarg, &trigger_timeout, 1)) {
2875                                 log_err("fio: failed parsing time %s\n", optarg);
2876                                 do_exit++;
2877                                 exit_val = 1;
2878                         }
2879                         trigger_timeout /= 1000000;
2880                         break;
2881
2882                 case 'A':
2883                         did_arg = true;
2884                         merge_blktrace_only = true;
2885                         break;
2886                 case '?':
2887                         log_err("%s: unrecognized option '%s'\n", argv[0],
2888                                                         argv[optind - 1]);
2889                         show_closest_option(argv[optind - 1]);
2890                         /* fall through */
2891                 default:
2892                         do_exit++;
2893                         exit_val = 1;
2894                         break;
2895                 }
2896                 if (do_exit)
2897                         break;
2898         }
2899
2900         if (do_exit && !(is_backend || nr_clients))
2901                 exit(exit_val);
2902
2903         if (nr_clients && fio_clients_connect())
2904                 exit(1);
2905
2906         if (is_backend && backend)
2907                 return fio_start_server(pid_file);
2908         else if (pid_file)
2909                 free(pid_file);
2910
2911         if (td) {
2912                 if (!ret) {
2913                         ret = add_job(td, td->o.name ?: "fio", 0, 0, client_type);
2914                         if (ret)
2915                                 exit(1);
2916                 }
2917         }
2918
2919         while (!ret && optind < argc) {
2920                 ini_idx++;
2921                 ini_file = realloc(ini_file, ini_idx * sizeof(char *));
2922                 ini_file[ini_idx - 1] = strdup(argv[optind]);
2923                 optind++;
2924         }
2925
2926 out_free:
2927         return ini_idx;
2928 }
2929
2930 int fio_init_options(void)
2931 {
2932         f_out = stdout;
2933         f_err = stderr;
2934
2935         fio_options_fill_optstring();
2936         fio_options_dup_and_init(l_opts);
2937
2938         atexit(free_shm);
2939
2940         if (fill_def_thread())
2941                 return 1;
2942
2943         return 0;
2944 }
2945
2946 extern int fio_check_options(struct thread_options *);
2947
2948 int parse_options(int argc, char *argv[])
2949 {
2950         const int type = FIO_CLIENT_TYPE_CLI;
2951         int job_files, i;
2952
2953         if (fio_init_options())
2954                 return 1;
2955         if (fio_test_cconv(&def_thread.o))
2956                 log_err("fio: failed internal cconv test\n");
2957
2958         job_files = parse_cmd_line(argc, argv, type);
2959
2960         if (job_files > 0) {
2961                 for (i = 0; i < job_files; i++) {
2962                         if (i && fill_def_thread())
2963                                 return 1;
2964                         if (nr_clients) {
2965                                 if (fio_clients_send_ini(ini_file[i]))
2966                                         return 1;
2967                                 free(ini_file[i]);
2968                         } else if (!is_backend) {
2969                                 if (parse_jobs_ini(ini_file[i], 0, i, type))
2970                                         return 1;
2971                                 free(ini_file[i]);
2972                         }
2973                 }
2974         } else if (nr_clients) {
2975                 if (fill_def_thread())
2976                         return 1;
2977                 if (fio_clients_send_ini(NULL))
2978                         return 1;
2979         }
2980
2981         free(ini_file);
2982         fio_options_free(&def_thread);
2983         filesetup_mem_free();
2984
2985         if (!thread_number) {
2986                 if (parse_dryrun())
2987                         return 0;
2988                 if (exec_profile)
2989                         return 0;
2990                 if (is_backend || nr_clients)
2991                         return 0;
2992                 if (did_arg)
2993                         return 0;
2994
2995                 log_err("No job(s) defined\n\n");
2996                 usage(argv[0]);
2997                 return 1;
2998         }
2999
3000         if (output_format & FIO_OUTPUT_NORMAL)
3001                 log_info("%s\n", fio_version_string);
3002
3003         return 0;
3004 }
3005
3006 void options_default_fill(struct thread_options *o)
3007 {
3008         memcpy(o, &def_thread.o, sizeof(*o));
3009 }
3010
3011 struct thread_data *get_global_options(void)
3012 {
3013         return &def_thread;
3014 }