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2020-08-23treewide: Use fallthrough pseudo-keywordGustavo A. R. Silva
Replace the existing /* fall through */ comments and its variants with the new pseudo-keyword macro fallthrough[1]. Also, remove unnecessary fall-through markings when it is the case. [1] Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <>
2020-08-04Merge tag 'cap-checkpoint-restore-v5.9' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull checkpoint-restore updates from Christian Brauner: "This enables unprivileged checkpoint/restore of processes. Given that this work has been going on for quite some time the first sentence in this summary is hopefully more exciting than the actual final code changes required. Unprivileged checkpoint/restore has seen a frequent increase in interest over the last two years and has thus been one of the main topics for the combined containers & checkpoint/restore microconference since at least 2018 (cf. [1]). Here are just the three most frequent use-cases that were brought forward: - The JVM developers are integrating checkpoint/restore into a Java VM to significantly decrease the startup time. - In high-performance computing environment a resource manager will typically be distributing jobs where users are always running as non-root. Long-running and "large" processes with significant startup times are supposed to be checkpointed and restored with CRIU. - Container migration as a non-root user. In all of these scenarios it is either desirable or required to run without CAP_SYS_ADMIN. The userspace implementation of checkpoint/restore CRIU already has the pull request for supporting unprivileged checkpoint/restore up (cf. [2]). To enable unprivileged checkpoint/restore a new dedicated capability CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE is introduced. This solution has last been discussed in 2019 in a talk by Google at Linux Plumbers (cf. [1] "Update on Task Migration at Google Using CRIU") with Adrian and Nicolas providing the implementation now over the last months. In essence, this allows the CRIU binary to be installed with the CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE vfs capability set thereby enabling unprivileged users to restore processes. To make this possible the following permissions are altered: - Selecting a specific PID via clone3() set_tid relaxed from userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN to CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. - Selecting a specific PID via /proc/sys/kernel/ns_last_pid relaxed from userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN to CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. - Accessing /proc/pid/map_files relaxed from init userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN to init userns CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. - Changing /proc/self/exe from userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN to userns CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. Of these four changes the /proc/self/exe change deserves a few words because the reasoning behind even restricting /proc/self/exe changes in the first place is just full of historical quirks and tracking this down was a questionable version of fun that I'd like to spare others. In short, it is trivial to change /proc/self/exe as an unprivileged user, i.e. without userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN right now. Either via ptrace() or by simply intercepting the elf loader in userspace during exec. Nicolas was nice enough to even provide a POC for the latter (cf. [3]) to illustrate this fact. The original patchset which introduced PR_SET_MM_MAP had no permissions around changing the exe link. They too argued that it is trivial to spoof the exe link already which is true. The argument brought up against this was that the Tomoyo LSM uses the exe link in tomoyo_manager() to detect whether the calling process is a policy manager. This caused changing the exe links to be guarded by userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN. All in all this rather seems like a "better guard it with something rather than nothing" argument which imho doesn't qualify as a great security policy. Again, because spoofing the exe link is possible for the calling process so even if this were security relevant it was broken back then and would be broken today. So technically, dropping all permissions around changing the exe link would probably be possible and would send a clearer message to any userspace that relies on /proc/self/exe for security reasons that they should stop doing this but for now we're only relaxing the exe link permissions from userns CAP_SYS_ADMIN to userns CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. There's a final uapi change in here. Changing the exe link used to accidently return EINVAL when the caller lacked the necessary permissions instead of the more correct EPERM. This pr contains a commit fixing this. I assume that userspace won't notice or care and if they do I will revert this commit. But since we are changing the permissions anyway it seems like a good opportunity to try this fix. With these changes merged unprivileged checkpoint/restore will be possible and has already been tested by various users" [1] LPC 2018 1. "Task Migration at Google Using CRIU" 2. "Securely Migrating Untrusted Workloads with CRIU" LPC 2019 1. "CRIU and the PID dance" 2. "Update on Task Migration at Google Using CRIU" [2] [3] * tag 'cap-checkpoint-restore-v5.9' of git:// selftests: add clone3() CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE test prctl: exe link permission error changed from -EINVAL to -EPERM prctl: Allow local CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE to change /proc/self/exe proc: allow access in init userns for map_files with CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE pid_namespace: use checkpoint_restore_ns_capable() for ns_last_pid pid: use checkpoint_restore_ns_capable() for set_tid capabilities: Introduce CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
2020-08-04Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200803' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull selinux updates from Paul Moore: "Beyond the usual smattering of bug fixes, we've got three small improvements worth highlighting: - improved SELinux policy symbol table performance due to a reworking of the insert and search functions - allow reading of SELinux labels before the policy is loaded, allowing for some more "exotic" initramfs approaches - improved checking an error reporting about process class/permissions during SELinux policy load" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200803' of git:// selinux: complete the inlining of hashtab functions selinux: prepare for inlining of hashtab functions selinux: specialize symtab insert and search functions selinux: Fix spelling mistakes in the comments selinux: fixed a checkpatch warning with the sizeof macro selinux: log error messages on required process class / permissions scripts/selinux/mdp: fix initial SID handling selinux: allow reading labels before policy is loaded
2020-07-19capabilities: Introduce CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTOREAdrian Reber
This patch introduces CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE, a new capability facilitating checkpoint/restore for non-root users. Over the last years, The CRIU (Checkpoint/Restore In Userspace) team has been asked numerous times if it is possible to checkpoint/restore a process as non-root. The answer usually was: 'almost'. The main blocker to restore a process as non-root was to control the PID of the restored process. This feature available via the clone3 system call, or via /proc/sys/kernel/ns_last_pid is unfortunately guarded by CAP_SYS_ADMIN. In the past two years, requests for non-root checkpoint/restore have increased due to the following use cases: * Checkpoint/Restore in an HPC environment in combination with a resource manager distributing jobs where users are always running as non-root. There is a desire to provide a way to checkpoint and restore long running jobs. * Container migration as non-root * We have been in contact with JVM developers who are integrating CRIU into a Java VM to decrease the startup time. These checkpoint/restore applications are not meant to be running with CAP_SYS_ADMIN. We have seen the following workarounds: * Use a setuid wrapper around CRIU: See * Use a setuid helper that writes to ns_last_pid. Unfortunately, this helper delegation technique is impossible to use with clone3, and is thus prone to races. See * Cycle through PIDs with fork() until the desired PID is reached: This has been demonstrated to work with cycling rates of 100,000 PIDs/s See * Patch out the CAP_SYS_ADMIN check from the kernel * Run the desired application in a new user and PID namespace to provide a local CAP_SYS_ADMIN for controlling PIDs. This technique has limited use in typical container environments (e.g., Kubernetes) as /proc is typically protected with read-only layers (e.g., /proc/sys) for hardening purposes. Read-only layers prevent additional /proc mounts (due to proc's SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE property), making the use of new PID namespaces limited as certain applications need access to /proc matching their PID namespace. The introduced capability allows to: * Control PIDs when the current user is CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE capable for the corresponding PID namespace via ns_last_pid/clone3. * Open files in /proc/pid/map_files when the current user is CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE capable in the root namespace, useful for recovering files that are unreachable via the file system such as deleted files, or memfd files. See corresponding selftest for an example with clone3(). Signed-off-by: Adrian Reber <> Signed-off-by: Nicolas Viennot <> Reviewed-by: Serge Hallyn <> Acked-by: Christian Brauner <> Link: Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <>
2020-07-09selinux: complete the inlining of hashtab functionsOndrej Mosnacek
Move (most of) the definitions of hashtab_search() and hashtab_insert() to the header file. In combination with the previous patch, this avoids calling the callbacks indirectly by function pointers and allows for better optimization, leading to a drastic performance improvement of these operations. With this patch, I measured a speed up in the following areas (measured on x86_64 F32 VM with 4 CPUs): 1. Policy load (`load_policy`) - takes ~150 ms instead of ~230 ms. 2. `chcon -R unconfined_u:object_r:user_tmp_t:s0:c381,c519 /tmp/linux-src` where /tmp/linux-src is an extracted linux-5.7 source tarball - takes ~522 ms instead of ~576 ms. This is because of many symtab_search() calls in string_to_context_struct() when there are many categories specified in the context. 3. `stress-ng --msg 1 --msg-ops 10000000` - takes 12.41 s instead of 13.95 s (consumes 18.6 s of kernel CPU time instead of 21.6 s). This is thanks to security_transition_sid() being ~43% faster after this patch. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-07-09selinux: prepare for inlining of hashtab functionsOndrej Mosnacek
Refactor searching and inserting into hashtabs to pave the way for converting hashtab_search() and hashtab_insert() to inline functions in the next patch. This will avoid indirect calls and allow the compiler to better optimize individual callers, leading to a significant performance improvement. In order to avoid the indirect calls, the key hashing and comparison callbacks need to be extracted from the hashtab struct and passed directly to hashtab_search()/_insert() by the callers so that the callback address is always known at compile time. The kernel's rhashtable library (<linux/rhashtable*.h>) does the same thing. This of course makes the hashtab functions slightly easier to misuse by passing a wrong callback set, but unfortunately there is no better way to implement a hash table that is both generic and efficient in C. This patch tries to somewhat mitigate this by only calling the hashtab functions in the same file where the corresponding callbacks are defined (wrapping them into more specialized functions as needed). Note that this patch doesn't bring any benefit without also moving the definitions of hashtab_search() and -_insert() to the header file, which is done in a follow-up patch for easier review of the hashtab.c changes in this patch. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-07-08selinux: specialize symtab insert and search functionsOndrej Mosnacek
This encapsulates symtab a little better and will help with further refactoring later. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-07-08selinux: Fix spelling mistakes in the commentslihao
Fix spelling mistakes in the comments quering==>querying Signed-off-by: lihao <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-29selinux: fixed a checkpatch warning with the sizeof macroEthan Edwards
`sizeof buf` changed to `sizeof(buf)` Signed-off-by: Ethan Edwards <> [PM: rewrote the subject line] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-23selinux: log error messages on required process class / permissionsStephen Smalley
In general SELinux no longer treats undefined object classes or permissions in the policy as a fatal error, instead handling them in accordance with handle_unknown. However, the process class and process transition and dyntransition permissions are still required to be defined due to dependencies on these definitions for default labeling behaviors, role and range transitions in older policy versions that lack an explicit class field, and role allow checking. Log error messages in these cases since otherwise the policy load will fail silently with no indication to the user as to the underlying cause. While here, fix the checking for process transition / dyntransition so that omitting either permission is handled as an error; both are needed in order to ensure that role allow checking is consistently applied. Reported-by: bauen1 <> Signed-off-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-23selinux: allow reading labels before policy is loadedJonathan Lebon
This patch does for `getxattr` what commit 3e3e24b42043 ("selinux: allow labeling before policy is loaded") did for `setxattr`; it allows querying the current SELinux label on disk before the policy is loaded. One of the motivations described in that commit message also drives this patch: for Fedora CoreOS (and eventually RHEL CoreOS), we want to be able to move the root filesystem for example, from xfs to ext4 on RAID, on first boot, at initrd time.[1] Because such an operation works at the filesystem level, we need to be able to read the SELinux labels first from the original root, and apply them to the files of the new root. The previous commit enabled the second part of this process; this commit enables the first part. [1] Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Lebon <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-21Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200621' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SELinux fixes from Paul Moore: "Three small patches to fix problems in the SELinux code, all found via clang. Two patches fix potential double-free conditions and one fixes an undefined return value" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200621' of git:// selinux: fix undefined return of cond_evaluate_expr selinux: fix a double free in cond_read_node()/cond_read_list() selinux: fix double free
2020-06-17selinux: fix undefined return of cond_evaluate_exprTom Rix
clang static analysis reports an undefined return security/selinux/ss/conditional.c:79:2: warning: Undefined or garbage value returned to caller [core.uninitialized.UndefReturn] return s[0]; ^~~~~~~~~~~ static int cond_evaluate_expr( ... { u32 i; int s[COND_EXPR_MAXDEPTH]; for (i = 0; i < expr->len; i++) ... return s[0]; When expr->len is 0, the loop which sets s[0] never runs. So return -1 if the loop never runs. Cc: Signed-off-by: Tom Rix <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-16selinux: fix a double free in cond_read_node()/cond_read_list()Tom Rix
Clang static analysis reports this double free error security/selinux/ss/conditional.c:139:2: warning: Attempt to free released memory [unix.Malloc] kfree(node->expr.nodes); ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ When cond_read_node fails, it calls cond_node_destroy which frees the node but does not poison the entry in the node list. So when it returns to its caller cond_read_list, cond_read_list deletes the partial list. The latest entry in the list will be deleted twice. So instead of freeing the node in cond_read_node, let list freeing in code_read_list handle the freeing the problem node along with all of the earlier nodes. Because cond_read_node no longer does any error handling, the goto's the error case are redundant. Instead just return the error code. Cc: Fixes: 60abd3181db2 ("selinux: convert cond_list to array") Signed-off-by: Tom Rix <> Reviewed-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> [PM: subject line tweaks] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-13Merge tag 'notifications-20200601' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull notification queue from David Howells: "This adds a general notification queue concept and adds an event source for keys/keyrings, such as linking and unlinking keys and changing their attributes. Thanks to Debarshi Ray, we do have a pull request to use this to fix a problem with gnome-online-accounts - as mentioned last time: Without this, g-o-a has to constantly poll a keyring-based kerberos cache to find out if kinit has changed anything. [ There are other notification pending: mount/sb fsinfo notifications for libmount that Karel Zak and Ian Kent have been working on, and Christian Brauner would like to use them in lxc, but let's see how this one works first ] LSM hooks are included: - A set of hooks are provided that allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a watch may be set. Each of these hooks takes a different "watched object" parameter, so they're not really shareable. The LSM should use current's credentials. [Wanted by SELinux & Smack] - A hook is provided to allow an LSM to rule on whether or not a particular message may be posted to a particular queue. This is given the credentials from the event generator (which may be the system) and the watch setter. [Wanted by Smack] I've provided SELinux and Smack with implementations of some of these hooks. WHY === Key/keyring notifications are desirable because if you have your kerberos tickets in a file/directory, your Gnome desktop will monitor that using something like fanotify and tell you if your credentials cache changes. However, we also have the ability to cache your kerberos tickets in the session, user or persistent keyring so that it isn't left around on disk across a reboot or logout. Keyrings, however, cannot currently be monitored asynchronously, so the desktop has to poll for it - not so good on a laptop. This facility will allow the desktop to avoid the need to poll. DESIGN DECISIONS ================ - The notification queue is built on top of a standard pipe. Messages are effectively spliced in. The pipe is opened with a special flag: pipe2(fds, O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE); The special flag has the same value as O_EXCL (which doesn't seem like it will ever be applicable in this context)[?]. It is given up front to make it a lot easier to prohibit splice&co from accessing the pipe. [?] Should this be done some other way? I'd rather not use up a new O_* flag if I can avoid it - should I add a pipe3() system call instead? The pipe is then configured:: ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, queue_depth); ioctl(fds[1], IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter); Messages are then read out of the pipe using read(). - It should be possible to allow write() to insert data into the notification pipes too, but this is currently disabled as the kernel has to be able to insert messages into the pipe *without* holding pipe->mutex and the code to make this work needs careful auditing. - sendfile(), splice() and vmsplice() are disabled on notification pipes because of the pipe->mutex issue and also because they sometimes want to revert what they just did - but one or more notification messages might've been interleaved in the ring. - The kernel inserts messages with the wait queue spinlock held. This means that pipe_read() and pipe_write() have to take the spinlock to update the queue pointers. - Records in the buffer are binary, typed and have a length so that they can be of varying size. This allows multiple heterogeneous sources to share a common buffer; there are 16 million types available, of which I've used just a few, so there is scope for others to be used. Tags may be specified when a watchpoint is created to help distinguish the sources. - Records are filterable as types have up to 256 subtypes that can be individually filtered. Other filtration is also available. - Notification pipes don't interfere with each other; each may be bound to a different set of watches. Any particular notification will be copied to all the queues that are currently watching for it - and only those that are watching for it. - When recording a notification, the kernel will not sleep, but will rather mark a queue as having lost a message if there's insufficient space. read() will fabricate a loss notification message at an appropriate point later. - The notification pipe is created and then watchpoints are attached to it, using one of: keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fds[1], 0x01); watch_mount(AT_FDCWD, "/", 0, fd, 0x02); watch_sb(AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", 0, fd, 0x03); where in both cases, fd indicates the queue and the number after is a tag between 0 and 255. - Watches are removed if either the notification pipe is destroyed or the watched object is destroyed. In the latter case, a message will be generated indicating the enforced watch removal. Things I want to avoid: - Introducing features that make the core VFS dependent on the network stack or networking namespaces (ie. usage of netlink). - Dumping all this stuff into dmesg and having a daemon that sits there parsing the output and distributing it as this then puts the responsibility for security into userspace and makes handling namespaces tricky. Further, dmesg might not exist or might be inaccessible inside a container. - Letting users see events they shouldn't be able to see. TESTING AND MANPAGES ==================== - The keyutils tree has a pipe-watch branch that has keyctl commands for making use of notifications. Proposed manual pages can also be found on this branch, though a couple of them really need to go to the main manpages repository instead. If the kernel supports the watching of keys, then running "make test" on that branch will cause the testing infrastructure to spawn a monitoring process on the side that monitors a notifications pipe for all the key/keyring changes induced by the tests and they'll all be checked off to make sure they happened. - A test program is provided (samples/watch_queue/watch_test) that can be used to monitor for keyrings, mount and superblock events. Information on the notifications is simply logged to stdout" * tag 'notifications-20200601' of git:// smack: Implement the watch_key and post_notification hooks selinux: Implement the watch_key security hook keys: Make the KEY_NEED_* perms an enum rather than a mask pipe: Add notification lossage handling pipe: Allow buffers to be marked read-whole-or-error for notifications Add sample notification program watch_queue: Add a key/keyring notification facility security: Add hooks to rule on setting a watch pipe: Add general notification queue support pipe: Add O_NOTIFICATION_PIPE security: Add a hook for the point of notification insertion uapi: General notification queue definitions
2020-06-10selinux: fix double freeTom Rix
Clang's static analysis tool reports these double free memory errors. security/selinux/ss/services.c:2987:4: warning: Attempt to free released memory [unix.Malloc] kfree(bnames[i]); ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ security/selinux/ss/services.c:2990:2: warning: Attempt to free released memory [unix.Malloc] kfree(bvalues); ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~ So improve the security_get_bools error handling by freeing these variables and setting their return pointers to NULL and the return len to 0 Cc: Signed-off-by: Tom Rix <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-06-04Merge branch 'exec-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull execve updates from Eric Biederman: "Last cycle for the Nth time I ran into bugs and quality of implementation issues related to exec that could not be easily be fixed because of the way exec is implemented. So I have been digging into exec and cleanup up what I can. I don't think I have exec sorted out enough to fix the issues I started with but I have made some headway this cycle with 4 sets of changes. - promised cleanups after introducing exec_update_mutex - trivial cleanups for exec - control flow simplifications - remove the recomputation of bprm->cred The net result is code that is a bit easier to understand and work with and a decrease in the number of lines of code (if you don't count the added tests)" * 'exec-linus' of git:// (24 commits) exec: Compute file based creds only once exec: Add a per bprm->file version of per_clear binfmt_elf_fdpic: fix execfd build regression selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test exec: Remove recursion from search_binary_handler exec: Generic execfd support exec/binfmt_script: Don't modify bprm->buf and then return -ENOEXEC exec: Move the call of prepare_binprm into search_binary_handler exec: Allow load_misc_binary to call prepare_binprm unconditionally exec: Convert security_bprm_set_creds into security_bprm_repopulate_creds exec: Factor security_bprm_creds_for_exec out of security_bprm_set_creds exec: Teach prepare_exec_creds how exec treats uids & gids exec: Set the point of no return sooner exec: Move handling of the point of no return to the top level exec: Run sync_mm_rss before taking exec_update_mutex exec: Fix spelling of search_binary_handler in a comment exec: Move the comment from above de_thread to above unshare_sighand exec: Rename flush_old_exec begin_new_exec exec: Move most of setup_new_exec into flush_old_exec exec: In setup_new_exec cache current in the local variable me ...
2020-06-03Merge git:// Torvalds
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Allow setting bluetooth L2CAP modes via socket option, from Luiz Augusto von Dentz. 2) Add GSO partial support to igc, from Sasha Neftin. 3) Several cleanups and improvements to r8169 from Heiner Kallweit. 4) Add IF_OPER_TESTING link state and use it when ethtool triggers a device self-test. From Andrew Lunn. 5) Start moving away from custom driver versions, use the globally defined kernel version instead, from Leon Romanovsky. 6) Support GRO vis gro_cells in DSA layer, from Alexander Lobakin. 7) Allow hard IRQ deferral during NAPI, from Eric Dumazet. 8) Add sriov and vf support to hinic, from Luo bin. 9) Support Media Redundancy Protocol (MRP) in the bridging code, from Horatiu Vultur. 10) Support netmap in the nft_nat code, from Pablo Neira Ayuso. 11) Allow UDPv6 encapsulation of ESP in the ipsec code, from Sabrina Dubroca. Also add ipv6 support for espintcp. 12) Lots of ReST conversions of the networking documentation, from Mauro Carvalho Chehab. 13) Support configuration of ethtool rxnfc flows in bcmgenet driver, from Doug Berger. 14) Allow to dump cgroup id and filter by it in inet_diag code, from Dmitry Yakunin. 15) Add infrastructure to export netlink attribute policies to userspace, from Johannes Berg. 16) Several optimizations to sch_fq scheduler, from Eric Dumazet. 17) Fallback to the default qdisc if qdisc init fails because otherwise a packet scheduler init failure will make a device inoperative. From Jesper Dangaard Brouer. 18) Several RISCV bpf jit optimizations, from Luke Nelson. 19) Correct the return type of the ->ndo_start_xmit() method in several drivers, it's netdev_tx_t but many drivers were using 'int'. From Yunjian Wang. 20) Add an ethtool interface for PHY master/slave config, from Oleksij Rempel. 21) Add BPF iterators, from Yonghang Song. 22) Add cable test infrastructure, including ethool interfaces, from Andrew Lunn. Marvell PHY driver is the first to support this facility. 23) Remove zero-length arrays all over, from Gustavo A. R. Silva. 24) Calculate and maintain an explicit frame size in XDP, from Jesper Dangaard Brouer. 25) Add CAP_BPF, from Alexei Starovoitov. 26) Support terse dumps in the packet scheduler, from Vlad Buslov. 27) Support XDP_TX bulking in dpaa2 driver, from Ioana Ciornei. 28) Add devm_register_netdev(), from Bartosz Golaszewski. 29) Minimize qdisc resets, from Cong Wang. 30) Get rid of kernel_getsockopt and kernel_setsockopt in order to eliminate set_fs/get_fs calls. From Christoph Hellwig. * git:// (2517 commits) selftests: net: ip_defrag: ignore EPERM net_failover: fixed rollback in net_failover_open() Revert "tipc: Fix potential tipc_aead refcnt leak in tipc_crypto_rcv" Revert "tipc: Fix potential tipc_node refcnt leak in tipc_rcv" vmxnet3: allow rx flow hash ops only when rss is enabled hinic: add set_channels ethtool_ops support selftests/bpf: Add a default $(CXX) value tools/bpf: Don't use $(COMPILE.c) bpf, selftests: Use bpf_probe_read_kernel s390/bpf: Use bcr 0,%0 as tail call nop filler s390/bpf: Maintain 8-byte stack alignment selftests/bpf: Fix verifier test selftests/bpf: Fix sample_cnt shared between two threads bpf, selftests: Adapt cls_redirect to call csum_level helper bpf: Add csum_level helper for fixing up csum levels bpf: Fix up bpf_skb_adjust_room helper's skb csum setting sfc: add missing annotation for efx_ef10_try_update_nic_stats_vf() crypto/chtls: IPv6 support for inline TLS Crypto/chcr: Fixes a coccinile check error Crypto/chcr: Fixes compilations warnings ...
2020-06-02Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200601' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SELinux updates from Paul Moore: "The highlights: - A number of improvements to various SELinux internal data structures to help improve performance. We move the role transitions into a hash table. In the content structure we shift from hashing the content string (aka SELinux label) to the structure itself, when it is valid. This last change not only offers a speedup, but it helps us simplify the code some as well. - Add a new SELinux policy version which allows for a more space efficient way of storing the filename transitions in the binary policy. Given the default Fedora SELinux policy with the unconfined module enabled, this change drops the policy size from ~7.6MB to ~3.3MB. The kernel policy load time dropped as well. - Some fixes to the error handling code in the policy parser to properly return error codes when things go wrong" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200601' of git:// selinux: netlabel: Remove unused inline function selinux: do not allocate hashtabs dynamically selinux: fix return value on error in policydb_read() selinux: simplify range_write() selinux: fix error return code in policydb_read() selinux: don't produce incorrect filename_trans_count selinux: implement new format of filename transitions selinux: move context hashing under sidtab selinux: hash context structure directly selinux: store role transitions in a hash table selinux: drop unnecessary smp_load_acquire() call selinux: fix warning Comparison to bool
2020-05-28Merge tag 'v5.7-rc7' into perf/core, to pick up fixesIngo Molnar
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2020-05-20exec: Factor security_bprm_creds_for_exec out of security_bprm_set_credsEric W. Biederman
Today security_bprm_set_creds has several implementations: apparmor_bprm_set_creds, cap_bprm_set_creds, selinux_bprm_set_creds, smack_bprm_set_creds, and tomoyo_bprm_set_creds. Except for cap_bprm_set_creds they all test bprm->called_set_creds and return immediately if it is true. The function cap_bprm_set_creds ignores bprm->calld_sed_creds entirely. Create a new LSM hook security_bprm_creds_for_exec that is called just before prepare_binprm in __do_execve_file, resulting in a LSM hook that is called exactly once for the entire of exec. Modify the bits of security_bprm_set_creds that only want to be called once per exec into security_bprm_creds_for_exec, leaving only cap_bprm_set_creds behind. Remove bprm->called_set_creds all of it's former users have been moved to security_bprm_creds_for_exec. Add or upate comments a appropriate to bring them up to date and to reflect this change. Link: Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <> Acked-by: Casey Schaufler <> # For the LSM and Smack bits Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
2020-05-19selinux: Implement the watch_key security hookDavid Howells
Implement the watch_key security hook to make sure that a key grants the caller View permission in order to set a watch on a key. For the moment, the watch_devices security hook is left unimplemented as it's not obvious what the object should be since the queue is global and didn't previously exist. Signed-off-by: David Howells <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Reviewed-by: James Morris <>
2020-05-19keys: Make the KEY_NEED_* perms an enum rather than a maskDavid Howells
Since the meaning of combining the KEY_NEED_* constants is undefined, make it so that you can't do that by turning them into an enum. The enum is also given some extra values to represent special circumstances, such as: (1) The '0' value is reserved and causes a warning to trap the parameter being unset. (2) The key is to be unlinked and we require no permissions on it, only the keyring, (this replaces the KEY_LOOKUP_FOR_UNLINK flag). (3) An override due to CAP_SYS_ADMIN. (4) An override due to an instantiation token being present. (5) The permissions check is being deferred to later key_permission() calls. The extra values give the opportunity for LSMs to audit these situations. [Note: This really needs overhauling so that lookup_user_key() tells key_task_permission() and the LSM what operation is being done and leaves it to those functions to decide how to map that onto the available permits. However, I don't really want to make these change in the middle of the notifications patchset.] Signed-off-by: David Howells <> cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <> cc: Paul Moore <> cc: Stephen Smalley <> cc: Casey Schaufler <> cc: cc:
2020-05-15bpf, capability: Introduce CAP_BPFAlexei Starovoitov
Split BPF operations that are allowed under CAP_SYS_ADMIN into combination of CAP_BPF, CAP_PERFMON, CAP_NET_ADMIN. For backward compatibility include them in CAP_SYS_ADMIN as well. The end result provides simple safety model for applications that use BPF: - to load tracing program types BPF_PROG_TYPE_{KPROBE, TRACEPOINT, PERF_EVENT, RAW_TRACEPOINT, etc} use CAP_BPF and CAP_PERFMON - to load networking program types BPF_PROG_TYPE_{SCHED_CLS, XDP, SK_SKB, etc} use CAP_BPF and CAP_NET_ADMIN There are few exceptions from this rule: - bpf_trace_printk() is allowed in networking programs, but it's using tracing mechanism, hence this helper needs additional CAP_PERFMON if networking program is using this helper. - BPF_F_ZERO_SEED flag for hash/lru map is allowed under CAP_SYS_ADMIN only to discourage production use. - BPF HW offload is allowed under CAP_SYS_ADMIN. - bpf_probe_write_user() is allowed under CAP_SYS_ADMIN only. CAPs are not checked at attach/detach time with two exceptions: - loading BPF_PROG_TYPE_CGROUP_SKB is allowed for unprivileged users, hence CAP_NET_ADMIN is required at attach time. - flow_dissector detach doesn't check prog FD at detach, hence CAP_NET_ADMIN is required at detach time. CAP_SYS_ADMIN is required to iterate BPF objects (progs, maps, links) via get_next_id command and convert them to file descriptor via GET_FD_BY_ID command. This restriction guarantees that mutliple tasks with CAP_BPF are not able to affect each other. That leads to clean isolation of tasks. For example: task A with CAP_BPF and CAP_NET_ADMIN loads and attaches a firewall via bpf_link. task B with the same capabilities cannot detach that firewall unless task A explicitly passed link FD to task B via scm_rights or bpffs. CAP_SYS_ADMIN can still detach/unload everything. Two networking user apps with CAP_SYS_ADMIN and CAP_NET_ADMIN can accidentely mess with each other programs and maps. Two networking user apps with CAP_NET_ADMIN and CAP_BPF cannot affect each other. CAP_NET_ADMIN + CAP_BPF allows networking programs access only packet data. Such networking progs cannot access arbitrary kernel memory or leak pointers. bpftool, bpftrace, bcc tools binaries should NOT be installed with CAP_BPF and CAP_PERFMON, since unpriv users will be able to read kernel secrets. But users with these two permissions will be able to use these tracing tools. CAP_PERFMON is least secure, since it allows kprobes and kernel memory access. CAP_NET_ADMIN can stop network traffic via iproute2. CAP_BPF is the safest from security point of view and harmless on its own. Having CAP_BPF and/or CAP_NET_ADMIN is not enough to write into arbitrary map and if that map is used by firewall-like bpf prog. CAP_BPF allows many bpf prog_load commands in parallel. The verifier may consume large amount of memory and significantly slow down the system. Existing unprivileged BPF operations are not affected. In particular unprivileged users are allowed to load socket_filter and cg_skb program types and to create array, hash, prog_array, map-in-map map types. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Link:
2020-05-14Merge git:// S. Miller
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== pull-request: bpf-next 2020-05-14 The following pull-request contains BPF updates for your *net-next* tree. The main changes are: 1) Merged tag 'perf-for-bpf-2020-05-06' from tip tree that includes CAP_PERFMON. 2) support for narrow loads in bpf_sock_addr progs and additional helpers in cg-skb progs, from Andrey. 3) bpf benchmark runner, from Andrii. 4) arm and riscv JIT optimizations, from Luke. 5) bpf iterator infrastructure, from Yonghong. ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2020-05-12selinux: netlabel: Remove unused inline functionYueHaibing
There's no callers in-tree. Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-05-06Merge tag 'perf-for-bpf-2020-05-06' of ↵Alexei Starovoitov
git:// into bpf-next CAP_PERFMON for BPF
2020-05-01selinux: do not allocate hashtabs dynamicallyOndrej Mosnacek
It is simpler to allocate them statically in the corresponding structure, avoiding unnecessary kmalloc() calls and pointer dereferencing. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> [PM: manual merging required in policydb.c] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-05-01selinux: fix return value on error in policydb_read()Ondrej Mosnacek
The value of rc is still zero from the last assignment when the error path is taken. Fix it by setting it to -ENOMEM before the hashtab_create() call. Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <> Fixes: e67b2ec9f617 ("selinux: store role transitions in a hash table") Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-05-01selinux: simplify range_write()Ondrej Mosnacek
No need to traverse the hashtab to count its elements, hashtab already tracks it for us. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-05-01selinux: fix error return code in policydb_read()Wei Yongjun
Fix to return negative error code -ENOMEM from the kvcalloc() error handling case instead of 0, as done elsewhere in this function. Fixes: acdf52d97f82 ("selinux: convert to kvmalloc") Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-30Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200430' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SELinux fixes from Paul Moore: "Two more SELinux patches to fix problems in the v5.7-rcX releases. Wei Yongjun's patch fixes a return code in an error path, and my patch fixes a problem where we were not correctly applying access controls to all of the netlink messages in the netlink_send LSM hook" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200430' of git:// selinux: properly handle multiple messages in selinux_netlink_send() selinux: fix error return code in cond_read_list()
2020-04-30selinux: properly handle multiple messages in selinux_netlink_send()Paul Moore
Fix the SELinux netlink_send hook to properly handle multiple netlink messages in a single sk_buff; each message is parsed and subject to SELinux access control. Prior to this patch, SELinux only inspected the first message in the sk_buff. Cc: Reported-by: Dmitry Vyukov <> Reviewed-by: Stephen Smalley <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-27selinux: fix error return code in cond_read_list()Wei Yongjun
Fix to return negative error code -ENOMEM from the error handling case instead of 0, as done elsewhere in this function. Fixes: 60abd3181db2 ("selinux: convert cond_list to array") Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <> Reviewed-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-22selinux: don't produce incorrect filename_trans_countOndrej Mosnacek
I thought I fixed the counting in filename_trans_read_helper() to count the compat rule count correctly in the final version, but it's still wrong. To really count the same thing as in the compat path, we'd need to add up the cardinalities of stype bitmaps of all datums. Since the kernel currently doesn't implement an ebitmap_cardinality() function (and computing the proper count would just waste CPU cycles anyway), just document that we use the field only in case of the old format and stop updating it in filename_trans_read_helper(). Fixes: 430059024389 ("selinux: implement new format of filename transitions") Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-22Merge tag 'perf-core-for-mingo-5.8-20200420' of ↵Ingo Molnar
git:// into perf/core Pull perf/core fixes and improvements from Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo: kernel + tools/perf: Alexey Budankov: - Introduce CAP_PERFMON to kernel and user space. callchains: Adrian Hunter: - Allow using Intel PT to synthesize callchains for regular events. Kan Liang: - Stitch LBR records from multiple samples to get deeper backtraces, there are caveats, see the csets for details. perf script: Andreas Gerstmayr: - Add script BPF: Jiri Olsa: - Synthesize bpf_trampoline/dispatcher ksymbol events. perf stat: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo: - Honour --timeout for forked workloads. Stephane Eranian: - Force error in fallback on :k events, to avoid counting nothing when the user asks for kernel events but is not allowed to. perf bench: Ian Rogers: - Add event synthesis benchmark. tools api fs: Stephane Eranian: - Make xxx__mountpoint() more scalable libtraceevent: He Zhe: - Handle return value of asprintf. Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2020-04-17selinux: implement new format of filename transitionsOndrej Mosnacek
Implement a new, more space-efficient way of storing filename transitions in the binary policy. The internal structures have already been converted to this new representation; this patch just implements reading/writing an equivalent represntation from/to the binary policy. This new format reduces the size of Fedora policy from 7.6 MB to only 3.3 MB (with policy optimization enabled in both cases). With the unconfined module disabled, the size is reduced from 3.3 MB to 2.4 MB. The time to load policy into kernel is also shorter with the new format. On Fedora Rawhide x86_64 it dropped from 157 ms to 106 ms; without the unconfined module from 115 ms to 105 ms. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-17selinux: move context hashing under sidtabOndrej Mosnacek
Now that context hash computation no longer depends on policydb, we can simplify things by moving the context hashing completely under sidtab. The hash is still cached in sidtab entries, but not for the in-flight context structures. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-17selinux: hash context structure directlyOndrej Mosnacek
Always hashing the string representation is inefficient. Just hash the contents of the structure directly (using jhash). If the context is invalid (str & len are set), then hash the string as before, otherwise hash the structured data. Since the context hashing function is now faster (about 10 times), this patch decreases the overhead of security_transition_sid(), which is called from many hooks. The jhash function seemed as a good choice, since it is used as the default hashing algorithm in rhashtable. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Reviewed-by: Jeff Vander Stoep <> Tested-by: Jeff Vander Stoep <> [PM: fixed some spelling errors in the comments pointed out by JVS] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-17selinux: store role transitions in a hash tableOndrej Mosnacek
Currently, they are stored in a linked list, which adds significant overhead to security_transition_sid(). On Fedora, with 428 role transitions in policy, converting this list to a hash table cuts down its run time by about 50%. This was measured by running 'stress-ng --msg 1 --msg-ops 100000' under perf with and without this patch. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-16Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200416' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SELinux fix from Paul Moore: "One small SELinux fix to ensure we cleanup properly on an error condition" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200416' of git:// selinux: free str on error in str_read()
2020-04-16capabilities: Introduce CAP_PERFMON to kernel and user spaceAlexey Budankov
Introduce the CAP_PERFMON capability designed to secure system performance monitoring and observability operations so that CAP_PERFMON can assist CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in its governing role for performance monitoring and observability subsystems. CAP_PERFMON hardens system security and integrity during performance monitoring and observability operations by decreasing attack surface that is available to a CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileged process [2]. Providing the access to system performance monitoring and observability operations under CAP_PERFMON capability singly, without the rest of CAP_SYS_ADMIN credentials, excludes chances to misuse the credentials and makes the operation more secure. Thus, CAP_PERFMON implements the principle of least privilege for performance monitoring and observability operations (POSIX IEEE 1003.1e: principle of least privilege: A security design principle that states that a process or program be granted only those privileges (e.g., capabilities) necessary to accomplish its legitimate function, and only for the time that such privileges are actually required) CAP_PERFMON meets the demand to secure system performance monitoring and observability operations for adoption in security sensitive, restricted, multiuser production environments (e.g. HPC clusters, cloud and virtual compute environments), where root or CAP_SYS_ADMIN credentials are not available to mass users of a system, and securely unblocks applicability and scalability of system performance monitoring and observability operations beyond root and CAP_SYS_ADMIN use cases. CAP_PERFMON takes over CAP_SYS_ADMIN credentials related to system performance monitoring and observability operations and balances amount of CAP_SYS_ADMIN credentials following the recommendations in the capabilities man page [1] for CAP_SYS_ADMIN: "Note: this capability is overloaded; see Notes to kernel developers, below." For backward compatibility reasons access to system performance monitoring and observability subsystems of the kernel remains open for CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileged processes but CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability usage for secure system performance monitoring and observability operations is discouraged with respect to the designed CAP_PERFMON capability. Although the software running under CAP_PERFMON can not ensure avoidance of related hardware issues, the software can still mitigate these issues following the official hardware issues mitigation procedure [2]. The bugs in the software itself can be fixed following the standard kernel development process [3] to maintain and harden security of system performance monitoring and observability operations. [1] [2] [3] Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <> Acked-by: James Morris <> Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <> Acked-by: Song Liu <> Acked-by: Stephen Smalley <> Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Andi Kleen <> Cc: Igor Lubashev <> Cc: Jiri Olsa <> Cc: Namhyung Kim <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Stephane Eranian <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Cc: Cc: Cc: Cc: Link: Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <>
2020-04-15selinux: drop unnecessary smp_load_acquire() callOndrej Mosnacek
In commit 66f8e2f03c02 ("selinux: sidtab reverse lookup hash table") the corresponding load is moved under the spin lock, so there is no race possible and we can read the count directly. The smp_store_release() is still needed to avoid racing with the lock-free readers. Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-15selinux: free str on error in str_read()Ondrej Mosnacek
In [see "Fixes:"] I missed the fact that str_read() may give back an allocated pointer even if it returns an error, causing a potential memory leak in filename_trans_read_one(). Fix this by making the function free the allocated string whenever it returns a non-zero value, which also makes its behavior more obvious and prevents repeating the same mistake in the future. Reported-by: coverity-bot <> Addresses-Coverity-ID: 1461665 ("Resource leaks") Fixes: c3a276111ea2 ("selinux: optimize storage of filename transitions") Signed-off-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-14selinux: fix warning Comparison to boolZou Wei
fix below warnings reported by coccicheck security/selinux/ss/mls.c:539:39-43: WARNING: Comparison to bool security/selinux/ss/services.c:1815:46-50: WARNING: Comparison to bool security/selinux/ss/services.c:1827:46-50: WARNING: Comparison to bool Reported-by: Hulk Robot <> Signed-off-by: Zou Wei <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-04-03Merge tag 'spdx-5.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SPDX updates from Greg KH: "Here are three SPDX patches for 5.7-rc1. One fixes up the SPDX tag for a single driver, while the other two go through the tree and add SPDX tags for all of the .gitignore files as needed. Nothing too complex, but you will get a merge conflict with your current tree, that should be trivial to handle (one file modified by two things, one file deleted.) All three of these have been in linux-next for a while, with no reported issues other than the merge conflict" * tag 'spdx-5.7-rc1' of git:// ASoC: MT6660: make happy .gitignore: add SPDX License Identifier .gitignore: remove too obvious comments
2020-03-31Merge tag 'selinux-pr-20200330' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull SELinux updates from Paul Moore: "We've got twenty SELinux patches for the v5.7 merge window, the highlights are below: - Deprecate setting /sys/fs/selinux/checkreqprot to 1. This flag was originally created to deal with legacy userspace and the READ_IMPLIES_EXEC personality flag. We changed the default from 1 to 0 back in Linux v4.4 and now we are taking the next step of deprecating it, at some point in the future we will take the final step of rejecting 1. - Allow kernfs symlinks to inherit the SELinux label of the parent directory. In order to preserve backwards compatibility this is protected by the genfs_seclabel_symlinks SELinux policy capability. - Optimize how we store filename transitions in the kernel, resulting in some significant improvements to policy load times. - Do a better job calculating our internal hash table sizes which resulted in additional policy load improvements and likely general SELinux performance improvements as well. - Remove the unused initial SIDs (labels) and improve how we handle initial SIDs. - Enable per-file labeling for the bpf filesystem. - Ensure that we properly label NFS v4.2 filesystems to avoid a temporary unlabeled condition. - Add some missing XFS quota command types to the SELinux quota access controls. - Fix a problem where we were not updating the seq_file position index correctly in selinuxfs. - We consolidate some duplicated code into helper functions. - A number of list to array conversions. - Update Stephen Smalley's email address in MAINTAINERS" * tag 'selinux-pr-20200330' of git:// selinux: clean up indentation issue with assignment statement NFS: Ensure security label is set for root inode MAINTAINERS: Update my email address selinux: avtab_init() and cond_policydb_init() return void selinux: clean up error path in policydb_init() selinux: remove unused initial SIDs and improve handling selinux: reduce the use of hard-coded hash sizes selinux: Add xfs quota command types selinux: optimize storage of filename transitions selinux: factor out loop body from filename_trans_read() security: selinux: allow per-file labeling for bpffs selinux: generalize evaluate_cond_node() selinux: convert cond_expr to array selinux: convert cond_av_list to array selinux: convert cond_list to array selinux: sel_avc_get_stat_idx should increase position index selinux: allow kernfs symlinks to inherit parent directory context selinux: simplify evaluate_cond_node() Documentation,selinux: deprecate setting checkreqprot to 1 selinux: move status variables out of selinux_ss
2020-03-30selinux: clean up indentation issue with assignment statementColin Ian King
The assignment of e->type_names is indented one level too deep, clean this up by removing the extraneous tab. Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>
2020-03-25.gitignore: add SPDX License IdentifierMasahiro Yamada
Add SPDX License Identifier to all .gitignore files. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2020-03-05selinux: avtab_init() and cond_policydb_init() return voidPaul Moore
The avtab_init() and cond_policydb_init() functions always return zero so mark them as returning void and update the callers not to check for a return value. Suggested-by: Stephen Smalley <> Reviewed-by: Ondrej Mosnacek <> Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <>