path: root/security/integrity/ima/ima_queue_keys.c
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2021-07-23ima: Add digest and digest_len params to the functions to measure a bufferRoberto Sassu
This patch performs the final modification necessary to pass the buffer measurement to callers, so that they provide a functionality similar to ima_file_hash(). It adds the 'digest' and 'digest_len' parameters to ima_measure_critical_data() and process_buffer_measurement(). These functions calculate the digest even if there is no suitable rule in the IMA policy and, in this case, they simply return 1 before generating a new measurement entry. Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <> Reviewed-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2021-02-23Merge tag 'idmapped-mounts-v5.12' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull idmapped mounts from Christian Brauner: "This introduces idmapped mounts which has been in the making for some time. Simply put, different mounts can expose the same file or directory with different ownership. This initial implementation comes with ports for fat, ext4 and with Christoph's port for xfs with more filesystems being actively worked on by independent people and maintainers. Idmapping mounts handle a wide range of long standing use-cases. Here are just a few: - Idmapped mounts make it possible to easily share files between multiple users or multiple machines especially in complex scenarios. For example, idmapped mounts will be used in the implementation of portable home directories in systemd-homed.service(8) where they allow users to move their home directory to an external storage device and use it on multiple computers where they are assigned different uids and gids. This effectively makes it possible to assign random uids and gids at login time. - It is possible to share files from the host with unprivileged containers without having to change ownership permanently through chown(2). - It is possible to idmap a container's rootfs and without having to mangle every file. For example, Chromebooks use it to share the user's Download folder with their unprivileged containers in their Linux subsystem. - It is possible to share files between containers with non-overlapping idmappings. - Filesystem that lack a proper concept of ownership such as fat can use idmapped mounts to implement discretionary access (DAC) permission checking. - They allow users to efficiently changing ownership on a per-mount basis without having to (recursively) chown(2) all files. In contrast to chown (2) changing ownership of large sets of files is instantenous with idmapped mounts. This is especially useful when ownership of a whole root filesystem of a virtual machine or container is changed. With idmapped mounts a single syscall mount_setattr syscall will be sufficient to change the ownership of all files. - Idmapped mounts always take the current ownership into account as idmappings specify what a given uid or gid is supposed to be mapped to. This contrasts with the chown(2) syscall which cannot by itself take the current ownership of the files it changes into account. It simply changes the ownership to the specified uid and gid. This is especially problematic when recursively chown(2)ing a large set of files which is commong with the aforementioned portable home directory and container and vm scenario. - Idmapped mounts allow to change ownership locally, restricting it to specific mounts, and temporarily as the ownership changes only apply as long as the mount exists. Several userspace projects have either already put up patches and pull-requests for this feature or will do so should you decide to pull this: - systemd: In a wide variety of scenarios but especially right away in their implementation of portable home directories. - container runtimes: containerd, runC, LXD:To share data between host and unprivileged containers, unprivileged and privileged containers, etc. The pull request for idmapped mounts support in containerd, the default Kubernetes runtime is already up for quite a while now: - The virtio-fs developers and several users have expressed interest in using this feature with virtual machines once virtio-fs is ported. - ChromeOS: Sharing host-directories with unprivileged containers. I've tightly synced with all those projects and all of those listed here have also expressed their need/desire for this feature on the mailing list. For more info on how people use this there's a bunch of talks about this too. Here's just two recent ones: This comes with an extensive xfstests suite covering both ext4 and xfs: It covers truncation, creation, opening, xattrs, vfscaps, setid execution, setgid inheritance and more both with idmapped and non-idmapped mounts. It already helped to discover an unrelated xfs setgid inheritance bug which has since been fixed in mainline. It will be sent for inclusion with the xfstests project should you decide to merge this. In order to support per-mount idmappings vfsmounts are marked with user namespaces. The idmapping of the user namespace will be used to map the ids of vfs objects when they are accessed through that mount. By default all vfsmounts are marked with the initial user namespace. The initial user namespace is used to indicate that a mount is not idmapped. All operations behave as before and this is verified in the testsuite. Based on prior discussions we want to attach the whole user namespace and not just a dedicated idmapping struct. This allows us to reuse all the helpers that already exist for dealing with idmappings instead of introducing a whole new range of helpers. In addition, if we decide in the future that we are confident enough to enable unprivileged users to setup idmapped mounts the permission checking can take into account whether the caller is privileged in the user namespace the mount is currently marked with. The user namespace the mount will be marked with can be specified by passing a file descriptor refering to the user namespace as an argument to the new mount_setattr() syscall together with the new MOUNT_ATTR_IDMAP flag. The system call follows the openat2() pattern of extensibility. The following conditions must be met in order to create an idmapped mount: - The caller must currently have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability in the user namespace the underlying filesystem has been mounted in. - The underlying filesystem must support idmapped mounts. - The mount must not already be idmapped. This also implies that the idmapping of a mount cannot be altered once it has been idmapped. - The mount must be a detached/anonymous mount, i.e. it must have been created by calling open_tree() with the OPEN_TREE_CLONE flag and it must not already have been visible in the filesystem. The last two points guarantee easier semantics for userspace and the kernel and make the implementation significantly simpler. By default vfsmounts are marked with the initial user namespace and no behavioral or performance changes are observed. The manpage with a detailed description can be found here: In order to support idmapped mounts, filesystems need to be changed and mark themselves with the FS_ALLOW_IDMAP flag in fs_flags. The patches to convert individual filesystem are not very large or complicated overall as can be seen from the included fat, ext4, and xfs ports. Patches for other filesystems are actively worked on and will be sent out separately. The xfstestsuite can be used to verify that port has been done correctly. The mount_setattr() syscall is motivated independent of the idmapped mounts patches and it's been around since July 2019. One of the most valuable features of the new mount api is the ability to perform mounts based on file descriptors only. Together with the lookup restrictions available in the openat2() RESOLVE_* flag namespace which we added in v5.6 this is the first time we are close to hardened and race-free (e.g. symlinks) mounting and path resolution. While userspace has started porting to the new mount api to mount proper filesystems and create new bind-mounts it is currently not possible to change mount options of an already existing bind mount in the new mount api since the mount_setattr() syscall is missing. With the addition of the mount_setattr() syscall we remove this last restriction and userspace can now fully port to the new mount api, covering every use-case the old mount api could. We also add the crucial ability to recursively change mount options for a whole mount tree, both removing and adding mount options at the same time. This syscall has been requested multiple times by various people and projects. There is a simple tool available at that allows to create idmapped mounts so people can play with this patch series. I'll add support for the regular mount binary should you decide to pull this in the following weeks: Here's an example to a simple idmapped mount of another user's home directory: u1001@f2-vm:/$ sudo ./mount --idmap both:1000:1001:1 /home/ubuntu/ /mnt u1001@f2-vm:/$ ls -al /home/ubuntu/ total 28 drwxr-xr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4096 Oct 28 22:07 . drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Oct 28 04:00 .. -rw------- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 3154 Oct 28 22:12 .bash_history -rw-r--r-- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 220 Feb 25 2020 .bash_logout -rw-r--r-- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 3771 Feb 25 2020 .bashrc -rw-r--r-- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 807 Feb 25 2020 .profile -rw-r--r-- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 0 Oct 16 16:11 .sudo_as_admin_successful -rw------- 1 ubuntu ubuntu 1144 Oct 28 00:43 .viminfo u1001@f2-vm:/$ ls -al /mnt/ total 28 drwxr-xr-x 2 u1001 u1001 4096 Oct 28 22:07 . drwxr-xr-x 29 root root 4096 Oct 28 22:01 .. -rw------- 1 u1001 u1001 3154 Oct 28 22:12 .bash_history -rw-r--r-- 1 u1001 u1001 220 Feb 25 2020 .bash_logout -rw-r--r-- 1 u1001 u1001 3771 Feb 25 2020 .bashrc -rw-r--r-- 1 u1001 u1001 807 Feb 25 2020 .profile -rw-r--r-- 1 u1001 u1001 0 Oct 16 16:11 .sudo_as_admin_successful -rw------- 1 u1001 u1001 1144 Oct 28 00:43 .viminfo u1001@f2-vm:/$ touch /mnt/my-file u1001@f2-vm:/$ setfacl -m u:1001:rwx /mnt/my-file u1001@f2-vm:/$ sudo setcap -n 1001 cap_net_raw+ep /mnt/my-file u1001@f2-vm:/$ ls -al /mnt/my-file -rw-rwxr--+ 1 u1001 u1001 0 Oct 28 22:14 /mnt/my-file u1001@f2-vm:/$ ls -al /home/ubuntu/my-file -rw-rwxr--+ 1 ubuntu ubuntu 0 Oct 28 22:14 /home/ubuntu/my-file u1001@f2-vm:/$ getfacl /mnt/my-file getfacl: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names # file: mnt/my-file # owner: u1001 # group: u1001 user::rw- user:u1001:rwx group::rw- mask::rwx other::r-- u1001@f2-vm:/$ getfacl /home/ubuntu/my-file getfacl: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names # file: home/ubuntu/my-file # owner: ubuntu # group: ubuntu user::rw- user:ubuntu:rwx group::rw- mask::rwx other::r--" * tag 'idmapped-mounts-v5.12' of git:// (41 commits) xfs: remove the possibly unused mp variable in xfs_file_compat_ioctl xfs: support idmapped mounts ext4: support idmapped mounts fat: handle idmapped mounts tests: add mount_setattr() selftests fs: introduce MOUNT_ATTR_IDMAP fs: add mount_setattr() fs: add attr_flags_to_mnt_flags helper fs: split out functions to hold writers namespace: only take read lock in do_reconfigure_mnt() mount: make {lock,unlock}_mount_hash() static namespace: take lock_mount_hash() directly when changing flags nfs: do not export idmapped mounts overlayfs: do not mount on top of idmapped mounts ecryptfs: do not mount on top of idmapped mounts ima: handle idmapped mounts apparmor: handle idmapped mounts fs: make helpers idmap mount aware exec: handle idmapped mounts would_dump: handle idmapped mounts ...
2021-01-24ima: handle idmapped mountsChristian Brauner
IMA does sometimes access the inode's i_uid and compares it against the rules' fowner. Enable IMA to handle idmapped mounts by passing down the mount's user namespace. We simply make use of the helpers we introduced before. If the initial user namespace is passed nothing changes so non-idmapped mounts will see identical behavior as before. Link: Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <>
2021-01-14IMA: add support to measure buffer data hashTushar Sugandhi
The original IMA buffer data measurement sizes were small (e.g. boot command line), but the new buffer data measurement use cases have data sizes that are a lot larger. Just as IMA measures the file data hash, not the file data, IMA should similarly support the option for measuring buffer data hash. Introduce a boolean parameter to support measuring buffer data hash, which would be much smaller, instead of the buffer itself. Signed-off-by: Tushar Sugandhi <> Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2020-07-20ima: Support additional conditionals in the KEXEC_CMDLINE hook functionTyler Hicks
Take the properties of the kexec kernel's inode and the current task ownership into consideration when matching a KEXEC_CMDLINE operation to the rules in the IMA policy. This allows for some uniformity when writing IMA policy rules for KEXEC_KERNEL_CHECK, KEXEC_INITRAMFS_CHECK, and KEXEC_CMDLINE operations. Prior to this patch, it was not possible to write a set of rules like this: dont_measure func=KEXEC_KERNEL_CHECK obj_type=foo_t dont_measure func=KEXEC_INITRAMFS_CHECK obj_type=foo_t dont_measure func=KEXEC_CMDLINE obj_type=foo_t measure func=KEXEC_KERNEL_CHECK measure func=KEXEC_INITRAMFS_CHECK measure func=KEXEC_CMDLINE The inode information associated with the kernel being loaded by a kexec_kernel_load(2) syscall can now be included in the decision to measure or not Additonally, the uid, euid, and subj_* conditionals can also now be used in KEXEC_CMDLINE rules. There was no technical reason as to why those conditionals weren't being considered previously other than ima_match_rules() didn't have a valid inode to use so it immediately bailed out for KEXEC_CMDLINE operations rather than going through the full list of conditional comparisons. Signed-off-by: Tyler Hicks <> Cc: Eric Biederman <> Cc: Reviewed-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2020-07-16IMA: Add audit log for failure conditionsLakshmi Ramasubramanian
process_buffer_measurement() and ima_alloc_key_entry() functions need to log an audit message for auditing integrity measurement failures. Add audit message in these two functions. Remove "pr_devel" log message in process_buffer_measurement(). Sample audit messages: [ 6.303048] audit: type=1804 audit(1592506281.627:2): pid=1 uid=0 auid=4294967295 ses=4294967295 subj=kernel op=measuring_key cause=ENOMEM comm="swapper/0" name=".builtin_trusted_keys" res=0 errno=-12 [ 8.019432] audit: type=1804 audit(1592506283.344:10): pid=1 uid=0 auid=4294967295 ses=4294967295 subj=system_u:system_r:init_t:s0 op=measuring_kexec_cmdline cause=hashing_error comm="systemd" name="kexec-cmdline" res=0 errno=-22 Signed-off-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Suggested-by: Mimi Zohar <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2020-02-28integrity: Remove duplicate pr_fmt definitionsTushar Sugandhi
The #define for formatting log messages, pr_fmt, is duplicated in the files under security/integrity. This change moves the definition to security/integrity/integrity.h and removes the duplicate definitions in the other files under security/integrity. With this change, the messages in the following files will be prefixed with 'integrity'. security/integrity/platform_certs/platform_keyring.c security/integrity/platform_certs/load_powerpc.c security/integrity/platform_certs/load_uefi.c security/integrity/iint.c e.g. "integrity: Error adding keys to platform keyring %s\n" And the messages in the following file will be prefixed with 'ima'. security/integrity/ima/ima_mok.c e.g. "ima: Allocating IMA blacklist keyring.\n" For the rest of the files under security/integrity, there will be no change in the message format. Suggested-by: Shuah Khan <> Suggested-by: Joe Perches <> Signed-off-by: Tushar Sugandhi <> Reviewed-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2020-01-23IMA: Defined delayed workqueue to free the queued keysLakshmi Ramasubramanian
Keys queued for measurement should be freed if a custom IMA policy was not loaded. Otherwise, the keys will remain queued forever consuming kernel memory. This patch defines a delayed workqueue to handle the above scenario. The workqueue handler is setup to execute 5 minutes after IMA initialization is completed. If a custom IMA policy is loaded before the workqueue handler is scheduled to execute, the workqueue task is cancelled and any queued keys are processed for measurement. But if a custom policy was not loaded then the queued keys are just freed when the delayed workqueue handler is run. Signed-off-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Reported-by: kernel test robot <> # sleeping function called from invalid context Reported-by: kbuild test robot <> # redefinition of ima_init_key_queue() function. Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>
2020-01-23IMA: Define workqueue for early boot key measurementsLakshmi Ramasubramanian
Measuring keys requires a custom IMA policy to be loaded. Keys created or updated before a custom IMA policy is loaded should be queued and will be processed after a custom policy is loaded. This patch defines a workqueue for queuing keys when a custom IMA policy has not yet been loaded. An intermediate Kconfig boolean option namely IMA_QUEUE_EARLY_BOOT_KEYS is used to declare the workqueue functions. A flag namely ima_process_keys is used to check if the key should be queued or should be processed immediately. Signed-off-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <> Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <>