path: root/ipc/util.c
diff options
authorRafael Aquini <>2021-09-07 20:00:53 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2021-09-08 11:50:28 -0700
commit20401d1058f3f841f35a594ac2fc1293710e55b9 (patch)
treec98bd049b3d85c15a62a2879327e4aca6bd92eef /ipc/util.c
parentd42990f486b56ce4381edd42a47119c073b131d5 (diff)
ipc: replace costly bailout check in sysvipc_find_ipc()
sysvipc_find_ipc() was left with a costly way to check if the offset position fed to it is bigger than the total number of IPC IDs in use. So much so that the time it takes to iterate over /proc/sysvipc/* files grows exponentially for a custom benchmark that creates "N" SYSV shm segments and then times the read of /proc/sysvipc/shm (milliseconds): 12 msecs to read 1024 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 18 msecs to read 2048 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 65 msecs to read 4096 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 325 msecs to read 8192 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 1303 msecs to read 16384 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 5182 msecs to read 32768 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm The root problem lies with the loop that computes the total amount of ids in use to check if the "pos" feeded to sysvipc_find_ipc() grew bigger than "ids->in_use". That is a quite inneficient way to get to the maximum index in the id lookup table, specially when that value is already provided by struct ipc_ids.max_idx. This patch follows up on the optimization introduced via commit 15df03c879836 ("sysvipc: make get_maxid O(1) again") and gets rid of the aforementioned costly loop replacing it by a simpler checkpoint based on ipc_get_maxidx() returned value, which allows for a smooth linear increase in time complexity for the same custom benchmark: 2 msecs to read 1024 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 2 msecs to read 2048 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 4 msecs to read 4096 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 9 msecs to read 8192 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 19 msecs to read 16384 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm 39 msecs to read 32768 segs from /proc/sysvipc/shm Link: Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <> Cc: Waiman Long <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc/util.c')
1 files changed, 4 insertions, 12 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/util.c b/ipc/util.c
index 0027e47626b7..d48d8cfa1f3f 100644
--- a/ipc/util.c
+++ b/ipc/util.c
@@ -788,21 +788,13 @@ struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *s)
static struct kern_ipc_perm *sysvipc_find_ipc(struct ipc_ids *ids, loff_t pos,
loff_t *new_pos)
- struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc;
- int total, id;
- total = 0;
- for (id = 0; id < pos && total < ids->in_use; id++) {
- ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, id);
- if (ipc != NULL)
- total++;
- }
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc = NULL;
+ int max_idx = ipc_get_maxidx(ids);
- ipc = NULL;
- if (total >= ids->in_use)
+ if (max_idx == -1 || pos > max_idx)
goto out;
- for (; pos < ipc_mni; pos++) {
+ for (; pos <= max_idx; pos++) {
ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, pos);
if (ipc != NULL) {