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.\" Copyright (C) 2022 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
.\"
.\" SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.0-or-later
.\"
.TH io_uring_prep_provide_buffers 3 "March 13, 2022" "liburing-2.2" "liburing Manual"
.SH NAME
io_uring_prep_provide_buffers  - prepare a provide buffers request
.fi
.SH SYNOPSIS
.nf
.BR "#include <liburing.h>"
.PP
.BI "void io_uring_prep_provide_buffers(struct io_uring_sqe *" sqe ","
.BI "                                   void *" addr ","
.BI "                                   int " len ","
.BI "                                   int " nr ","
.BI "                                   int " bgid ","
.BI "                                   int " bid ");"
.PP
.SH DESCRIPTION
.PP
The io_uring_prep_provide_buffers() function prepares a request for providing
the kernel with buffers. The submission queue entry
.I sqe
is setup to consume
.I len
number of buffers starting at
.I addr
and identified by the buffer group ID of
.I bgid
and numbered sequentially starting at
.I bid.

This function sets up a request to provide buffers to the io_uring context
that can be used by read or receive operations. This is done by filling in
the SQE
.I buf_group
field and setting
.B IOSQE_BUFFER_SELECT
in the SQE
.I flags
member. If buffer selection is used for a request, no buffer should be provided
in the address field. Instead, the group ID is set to match one that was
previously provided to the kernel. The kernel will then select a buffer from
this group for the IO operation. On successful completion of the IO request,
the CQE
.I flags
field will have
.B IORING_CQE_F_BUFFER
set and the selected buffer ID will be indicated by the upper 16-bits of the
.I flags
field.

Different buffer group IDs can be used by the application to have different
sizes or types of buffers available. Once a buffer has been consumed for an
operation, it is no longer known to io_uring. It must be re-provided if so
desired, or freed by the application if no longer needed.

The buffer IDs are internally tracked from
.I bid
and sequentially ascending from that value. If
.B 16
buffers are provided start with an initial
.I bid
of 0, then the buffer IDs will range from
.B 0..15.
The application must be aware of this to make sense of the buffer ID passed
back in the CQE.

Not all requests support buffer selection, as it only really makes sense for
requests that receive data from the kernel rather than write or provide data.
Currently, this mode of operation is supported for any file read or socket
receive request. Attempting to use
.B IOSQE_BUFFER_SELECT
with a command that doesn't support it will result in a CQE
.I res
error of
.B -EINVAL.
Buffer selection will work with operations that take a
.BR struct iovec
as its data destination, but only if 1 iovec is provided.
.
.SH RETURN VALUE
None
.SH ERRORS
These are the errors that are reported in the CQE
.I res
field. On success,
.I res
will contain the number of successfully provided buffers. On error,
the following errors can occur.
.TP
.B -ENOMEM
The kernel was unable to allocate memory for the request.
.TP
.B -EINVAL
One of the fields set in the SQE was invalid.
.TP
.B -E2BIG
The number of buffers provided was too big, or the
.I bid
was too big. A max value of
.B USHRT_MAX
buffers can be specified.
.TP
.B -EFAULT
Some of the user memory given was invalid for the application.
.TP
.B -EBADF
On of the descriptors located in
.I fds
didn't refer to a valid file descriptor, or one of the file descriptors in
the array referred to an io_uring instance.
.TP
.B -EOVERFLOW
The product of
.I len
and
.I nr
exceed the valid amount or overflowed, or the sum of
.I addr
and the length of buffers overflowed.
.TP
.B -EBUSY
Attempt to update a slot that is already used.
.SH SEE ALSO
.BR io_uring_get_sqe (3), io_uring_submit (3), io_uring_register (2), io_uring_prep_remove_buffers (3)