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-rw-r--r--HOWTO25
-rw-r--r--Makefile1
-rw-r--r--engines/exec.c361
-rw-r--r--examples/exec.fio36
-rw-r--r--fio.128
-rw-r--r--os/os-windows.h1
6 files changed, 452 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/HOWTO b/HOWTO
index 86fb2964..f0914ba8 100644
--- a/HOWTO
+++ b/HOWTO
@@ -2109,6 +2109,9 @@ I/O engine
achieving higher concurrency and thus throughput than is possible
via kernel NFS.
+ **exec**
+ Execute 3rd party tools. Could be used to perform monitoring during jobs runtime.
+
I/O engine specific parameters
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
@@ -2536,6 +2539,28 @@ with the caveat that when used on the command line, they must come after the
URL in libnfs format, eg nfs://<server|ipv4|ipv6>/path[?arg=val[&arg=val]*]
Refer to the libnfs README for more details.
+.. option:: program=str : [exec]
+
+ Specify the program to execute.
+
+.. option:: arguments=str : [exec]
+
+ Specify arguments to pass to program.
+ Some special variables can be expanded to pass fio's job details to the program.
+
+ **%r**
+ Replaced by the duration of the job in seconds.
+ **%n**
+ Replaced by the name of the job.
+
+.. option:: grace_time=int : [exec]
+
+ Specify the time between the SIGTERM and SIGKILL signals. Default is 1 second.
+
+.. option:: std_redirect=boot : [exec]
+
+ If set, stdout and stderr streams are redirected to files named from the job name. Default is true.
+
I/O depth
~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index f57569d5..a5c5e67c 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ SOURCE := $(sort $(patsubst $(SRCDIR)/%,%,$(wildcard $(SRCDIR)/crc/*.c)) \
smalloc.c filehash.c profile.c debug.c engines/cpu.c \
engines/mmap.c engines/sync.c engines/null.c engines/net.c \
engines/ftruncate.c engines/filecreate.c engines/filestat.c engines/filedelete.c \
+ engines/exec.c \
server.c client.c iolog.c backend.c libfio.c flow.c cconv.c \
gettime-thread.c helpers.c json.c idletime.c td_error.c \
profiles/tiobench.c profiles/act.c io_u_queue.c filelock.c \
diff --git a/engines/exec.c b/engines/exec.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..e1cc0b83
--- /dev/null
+++ b/engines/exec.c
@@ -0,0 +1,361 @@
+/*
+ * Exec engine
+ *
+ * Doesn't transfer any data, merely run 3rd party tools
+ *
+ */
+#include "../fio.h"
+#include "../optgroup.h"
+#include <signal.h>
+
+struct exec_options {
+ void *pad;
+ char *program;
+ char *arguments;
+ int grace_time;
+ unsigned int std_redirect;
+ pid_t pid;
+};
+
+static struct fio_option options[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "program",
+ .lname = "Program",
+ .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
+ .off1 = offsetof(struct exec_options, program),
+ .help = "Program to execute",
+ .category = FIO_OPT_C_ENGINE,
+ .group = FIO_OPT_G_INVALID,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "arguments",
+ .lname = "Arguments",
+ .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
+ .off1 = offsetof(struct exec_options, arguments),
+ .help = "Arguments to pass",
+ .category = FIO_OPT_C_ENGINE,
+ .group = FIO_OPT_G_INVALID,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "grace_time",
+ .lname = "Grace time",
+ .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
+ .minval = 0,
+ .def = "1",
+ .off1 = offsetof(struct exec_options, grace_time),
+ .help = "Grace time before sending a SIGKILL",
+ .category = FIO_OPT_C_ENGINE,
+ .group = FIO_OPT_G_INVALID,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "std_redirect",
+ .lname = "Std redirect",
+ .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
+ .def = "1",
+ .off1 = offsetof(struct exec_options, std_redirect),
+ .help = "Redirect stdout & stderr to files",
+ .category = FIO_OPT_C_ENGINE,
+ .group = FIO_OPT_G_INVALID,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = NULL,
+ },
+};
+
+char *str_replace(char *orig, const char *rep, const char *with)
+{
+ /*
+ Replace a substring by another.
+
+ Returns the new string if occurences were found
+ Returns orig if no occurence is found
+ */
+ char *result, *insert, *tmp;
+ int len_rep, len_with, len_front, count;
+
+ // sanity checks and initialization
+ if (!orig || !rep)
+ return orig;
+
+ len_rep = strlen(rep);
+ if (len_rep == 0)
+ return orig;
+
+ if (!with)
+ with = "";
+ len_with = strlen(with);
+
+ insert = orig;
+ for (count = 0; (tmp = strstr(insert, rep)); ++count) {
+ insert = tmp + len_rep;
+ }
+
+ tmp = result = malloc(strlen(orig) + (len_with - len_rep) * count + 1);
+
+ if (!result)
+ return orig;
+
+ while (count--) {
+ insert = strstr(orig, rep);
+ len_front = insert - orig;
+ tmp = strncpy(tmp, orig, len_front) + len_front;
+ tmp = strcpy(tmp, with) + len_with;
+ orig += len_front + len_rep;
+ }
+ strcpy(tmp, orig);
+ return result;
+}
+
+char *expand_variables(struct thread_options *o, char *arguments)
+{
+ char str[16];
+ char *expanded_runtime, *expanded_name;
+ snprintf(str, sizeof(str), "%lld", o->timeout / 1000000);
+
+ /* %r is replaced by the runtime in seconds */
+ expanded_runtime = str_replace(arguments, "%r", str);
+
+ /* %n is replaced by the name of the running job */
+ expanded_name = str_replace(expanded_runtime, "%n", o->name);
+
+ return expanded_name;
+}
+
+static int exec_background(struct thread_options *o, struct exec_options *eo)
+{
+ char *outfilename = NULL, *errfilename = NULL;
+ int outfd = 0, errfd = 0;
+ pid_t pid;
+ char *expanded_arguments = NULL;
+ /* For the arguments splitting */
+ char **arguments_array = NULL;
+ char *p;
+ char *exec_cmd = NULL;
+ size_t arguments_nb_items = 0, q;
+
+ if (asprintf(&outfilename, "%s.stdout", o->name) < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (asprintf(&errfilename, "%s.stderr", o->name) < 0) {
+ free(outfilename);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* If we have variables in the arguments, let's expand them */
+ expanded_arguments = expand_variables(o, eo->arguments);
+
+ if (eo->std_redirect) {
+ log_info("%s : Saving output of %s %s : stdout=%s stderr=%s\n",
+ o->name, eo->program, expanded_arguments, outfilename,
+ errfilename);
+
+ /* Creating the stderr & stdout output files */
+ outfd = open(outfilename, O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, 0644);
+ if (!outfd) {
+ log_err("fio: cannot open output file %s : %s\n",
+ outfilename, strerror(errno));
+ free(outfilename);
+ free(errfilename);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ errfd = open(errfilename, O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, 0644);
+ if (!errfd) {
+ log_err("fio: cannot open output file %s : %s\n",
+ errfilename, strerror(errno));
+ free(outfilename);
+ free(errfilename);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ log_info("%s : Running %s %s\n",
+ o->name, eo->program, expanded_arguments);
+ }
+
+ pid = fork();
+
+ /* We are on the control thread (parent side of the fork */
+ if (pid > 0) {
+ eo->pid = pid;
+ if (eo->std_redirect) {
+ /* The output file is for the client side of the fork */
+ close(outfd);
+ close(errfd);
+ free(outfilename);
+ free(errfilename);
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* If the fork failed */
+ if (pid < 0) {
+ log_err("fio: forking failed %s \n", strerror(errno));
+ if (eo->std_redirect) {
+ close(outfd);
+ close(errfd);
+ free(outfilename);
+ free(errfilename);
+ }
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* We are in the worker (child side of the fork) */
+ if (pid == 0) {
+ if (eo->std_redirect) {
+ dup2(outfd, 1); // replace stdout by the output file we create
+ dup2(errfd, 2); // replace stderr by the output file we create
+ close(outfd);
+ close(errfd);
+ free(outfilename);
+ free(errfilename);
+ }
+
+ /* Let's split the command line into a null terminated array to be passed to the exec'd program
+ But don't asprintf expanded_arguments if NULL as it would be converted
+ to a '(null)' argument, while we want no arguments at all. */
+ if (expanded_arguments != NULL) {
+ if (asprintf(&exec_cmd, "%s %s", eo->program, expanded_arguments) < 0)
+ return -1;
+ } else {
+ if (asprintf(&exec_cmd, "%s", eo->program) < 0)
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* Let's build an argv array to based on the program name and arguments */
+ p = exec_cmd;
+ for (;;) {
+ p += strspn(p, " ");
+
+ if (!(q = strcspn(p, " ")))
+ break;
+
+ if (q) {
+ arguments_array =
+ realloc(arguments_array,
+ (arguments_nb_items +
+ 1) * sizeof(char *));
+ arguments_array[arguments_nb_items] =
+ malloc(q + 1);
+ strncpy(arguments_array[arguments_nb_items], p,
+ q);
+ arguments_array[arguments_nb_items][q] = 0;
+ arguments_nb_items++;
+ p += q;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Adding a null-terminated item to close the list */
+ arguments_array =
+ realloc(arguments_array,
+ (arguments_nb_items + 1) * sizeof(char *));
+ arguments_array[arguments_nb_items] = NULL;
+
+ /* Replace the fio program from the child fork by the target program */
+ execvp(arguments_array[0], arguments_array);
+ }
+ // We never reach this place
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static enum fio_q_status
+fio_exec_queue(struct thread_data *td, struct io_u fio_unused * io_u)
+{
+ struct thread_options *o = &td->o;
+ struct exec_options *eo = td->eo;
+
+ /* Let's execute the program the first time we get queued */
+ if (eo->pid == -1) {
+ exec_background(o, eo);
+ } else {
+ /* The program is running in background, let's check on a regular basis
+ if the time is over and if we need to stop the tool */
+ usleep(o->thinktime);
+ if (utime_since_now(&td->start) > o->timeout) {
+ /* Let's stop the child */
+ kill(eo->pid, SIGTERM);
+ /* Let's give grace_time (1 sec by default) to the 3rd party tool to stop */
+ sleep(eo->grace_time);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return FIO_Q_COMPLETED;
+}
+
+static int fio_exec_init(struct thread_data *td)
+{
+ struct thread_options *o = &td->o;
+ struct exec_options *eo = td->eo;
+ int td_previous_state;
+
+ eo->pid = -1;
+
+ if (!eo->program) {
+ td_vmsg(td, EINVAL,
+ "no program is defined, it is mandatory to define one",
+ "exec");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ log_info("%s : program=%s, arguments=%s\n",
+ td->o.name, eo->program, eo->arguments);
+
+ /* Saving the current thread state */
+ td_previous_state = td->runstate;
+
+ /* Reporting that we are preparing the engine
+ * This is useful as the qsort() calibration takes time
+ * This prevents the job from starting before init is completed
+ */
+ td_set_runstate(td, TD_SETTING_UP);
+
+ /*
+ * set thinktime_sleep and thinktime_spin appropriately
+ */
+ o->thinktime_blocks = 1;
+ o->thinktime_blocks_type = THINKTIME_BLOCKS_TYPE_COMPLETE;
+ o->thinktime_spin = 0;
+ o->thinktime = 50000; /* 50ms pause when waiting for the program to complete */
+
+ o->nr_files = o->open_files = 1;
+
+ /* Let's restore the previous state. */
+ td_set_runstate(td, td_previous_state);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void fio_exec_cleanup(struct thread_data *td)
+{
+ struct exec_options *eo = td->eo;
+ /* Send a sigkill to ensure the job is well terminated */
+ if (eo->pid > 0)
+ kill(eo->pid, SIGKILL);
+}
+
+static int
+fio_exec_open(struct thread_data fio_unused * td,
+ struct fio_file fio_unused * f)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct ioengine_ops ioengine = {
+ .name = "exec",
+ .version = FIO_IOOPS_VERSION,
+ .queue = fio_exec_queue,
+ .init = fio_exec_init,
+ .cleanup = fio_exec_cleanup,
+ .open_file = fio_exec_open,
+ .flags = FIO_SYNCIO | FIO_DISKLESSIO | FIO_NOIO,
+ .options = options,
+ .option_struct_size = sizeof(struct exec_options),
+};
+
+static void fio_init fio_exec_register(void)
+{
+ register_ioengine(&ioengine);
+}
+
+static void fio_exit fio_exec_unregister(void)
+{
+ unregister_ioengine(&ioengine);
+}
diff --git a/examples/exec.fio b/examples/exec.fio
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..ac1bedfb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/examples/exec.fio
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+[global]
+time_based
+runtime=30
+
+[monitoring_noop]
+ioengine=exec
+program=/usr/sbin/turbostat
+arguments=-c package -qS --interval 5 -s Busy%,Bzy_MHz,Avg_MHz,CorWatt,PkgWatt,RAMWatt,PkgTmp
+
+[cpuload_noop]
+ioengine=cpuio
+cpuload=100
+numjobs=12
+cpumode=noop
+
+[sleep]
+# Let the processor cooling down for a few seconds
+stonewall
+ioengine=exec
+runtime=10
+program=/bin/sleep
+arguments=%r
+grace_time=0
+std_redirect=0
+
+[monitoring_qsort]
+stonewall
+ioengine=exec
+program=/usr/sbin/turbostat
+arguments=-c package -qS --interval 5 -s Busy%,Bzy_MHz,Avg_MHz,CorWatt,PkgWatt,RAMWatt,PkgTmp
+
+[cpuload_qsort]
+ioengine=cpuio
+cpuload=100
+numjobs=12
+cpumode=qsort
diff --git a/fio.1 b/fio.1
index 5aa54a4d..8d2d20b6 100644
--- a/fio.1
+++ b/fio.1
@@ -1912,6 +1912,9 @@ I/O engine supporting asynchronous read and write operations to
NFS filesystems from userspace via libnfs. This is useful for
achieving higher concurrency and thus throughput than is possible
via kernel NFS.
+.TP
+.B exec
+Execute 3rd party tools. Could be used to perform monitoring during jobs runtime.
.SS "I/O engine specific parameters"
In addition, there are some parameters which are only valid when a specific
\fBioengine\fR is in use. These are used identically to normal parameters,
@@ -2298,6 +2301,31 @@ Use DAOS container's object class by default.
.BI (nfs)nfs_url
URL in libnfs format, eg nfs://<server|ipv4|ipv6>/path[?arg=val[&arg=val]*]
Refer to the libnfs README for more details.
+.TP
+.BI (exec)program\fR=\fPstr
+Specify the program to execute.
+Note the program will receive a SIGTERM when the job is reaching the time limit.
+A SIGKILL is sent once the job is over. The delay between the two signals is defined by \fBgrace_time\fR option.
+.TP
+.BI (exec)arguments\fR=\fPstr
+Specify arguments to pass to program.
+Some special variables can be expanded to pass fio's job details to the program :
+.RS
+.RS
+.TP
+.B %r
+replaced by the duration of the job in seconds
+.TP
+.BI %n
+replaced by the name of the job
+.RE
+.RE
+.TP
+.BI (exec)grace_time\fR=\fPint
+Defines the time between the SIGTERM and SIGKILL signals. Default is 1 second.
+.TP
+.BI (exec)std_redirect\fR=\fbool
+If set, stdout and stderr streams are redirected to files named from the job name. Default is true.
.SS "I/O depth"
.TP
.BI iodepth \fR=\fPint
diff --git a/os/os-windows.h b/os/os-windows.h
index ddfae413..59da9dba 100644
--- a/os/os-windows.h
+++ b/os/os-windows.h
@@ -77,6 +77,7 @@
#define SIGCONT 0
#define SIGUSR1 1
#define SIGUSR2 2
+#define SIGKILL 15 /* SIGKILL doesn't exists, let's use SIGTERM */
typedef int sigset_t;
typedef int siginfo_t;