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authorRichard W.M. Jones <rjones@redhat.com>2019-08-02 17:11:25 +0100
committerJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>2019-08-02 10:41:24 -0600
commitd643a1e29d31bf974a613866819dde241c928b6d (patch)
treec255cb40df40dd355601baa658baae45fc6c5055
parent66b182f90c3f08dcbd0592ce70cb350ca5ac0cc0 (diff)
downloadfio-d643a1e29d31bf974a613866819dde241c928b6d.tar.gz
fio-d643a1e29d31bf974a613866819dde241c928b6d.tar.bz2
engines: Add Network Block Device (NBD) support using libnbd.
This commit adds a new engine for testing Network Block Devices directly. It requires libnbd (https://github.com/libguestfs/libnbd). To see how to test nbdkit or qemu-nbd read examples/nbd.fio. Signed-off-by: Richard W.M. Jones <rjones@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
-rw-r--r--HOWTO2
-rw-r--r--Makefile6
-rwxr-xr-xconfigure27
-rw-r--r--engines/nbd.c368
-rw-r--r--examples/nbd.fio35
-rw-r--r--fio.13
-rw-r--r--optgroup.c4
-rw-r--r--optgroup.h2
-rw-r--r--options.c3
9 files changed, 450 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/HOWTO b/HOWTO
index 81244064..955ea43c 100644
--- a/HOWTO
+++ b/HOWTO
@@ -1998,6 +1998,8 @@ I/O engine
requests for IME. FIO will then decide when to commit these requests.
**libiscsi**
Read and write iscsi lun with libiscsi.
+ **nbd**
+ Synchronous read and write a Network Block Device (NBD).
I/O engine specific parameters
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index d7e5fca7..fe02bf1d 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -65,6 +65,12 @@ ifdef CONFIG_LIBISCSI
SOURCE += engines/libiscsi.c
endif
+ifdef CONFIG_LIBNBD
+ CFLAGS += $(LIBNBD_CFLAGS)
+ LIBS += $(LIBNBD_LIBS)
+ SOURCE += engines/nbd.c
+endif
+
ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
CFLAGS += -DBITS_PER_LONG=64
endif
diff --git a/configure b/configure
index a0692d58..b11b2dce 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@ disable_pmem="no"
disable_native="no"
march_set="no"
libiscsi="no"
+libnbd="no"
prefix=/usr/local
# parse options
@@ -207,6 +208,8 @@ for opt do
;;
--enable-libiscsi) libiscsi="yes"
;;
+ --enable-libnbd) libnbd="yes"
+ ;;
--disable-tcmalloc) disable_tcmalloc="yes"
;;
--help)
@@ -245,6 +248,7 @@ if test "$show_help" = "yes" ; then
echo "--disable-native Don't build for native host"
echo "--with-ime= Install path for DDN's Infinite Memory Engine"
echo "--enable-libiscsi Enable iscsi support"
+ echo "--enable-libnbd Enable libnbd (NBD engine) support"
echo "--disable-tcmalloc Disable tcmalloc support"
exit $exit_val
fi
@@ -2015,6 +2019,23 @@ fi
print_config "iscsi engine" "$libiscsi"
##########################################
+# Check if we have libnbd (for NBD support).
+minimum_libnbd=0.9.6
+if test "$libnbd" = "yes" ; then
+ if $(pkg-config --atleast-version=$minimum_libnbd libnbd); then
+ libnbd="yes"
+ libnbd_cflags=$(pkg-config --cflags libnbd)
+ libnbd_libs=$(pkg-config --libs libnbd)
+ else
+ if test "$libnbd" = "yes" ; then
+ echo "libnbd" "Install libnbd >= $minimum_libnbd"
+ fi
+ libnbd="no"
+ fi
+fi
+print_config "NBD engine" "$libnbd"
+
+##########################################
# Check if we have lex/yacc available
yacc="no"
yacc_is_bison="no"
@@ -2698,6 +2719,12 @@ if test "$libiscsi" = "yes" ; then
echo "LIBISCSI_CFLAGS=$libiscsi_cflags" >> $config_host_mak
echo "LIBISCSI_LIBS=$libiscsi_libs" >> $config_host_mak
fi
+if test "$libnbd" = "yes" ; then
+ output_sym "CONFIG_LIBNBD"
+ echo "CONFIG_LIBNBD=m" >> $config_host_mak
+ echo "LIBNBD_CFLAGS=$libnbd_cflags" >> $config_host_mak
+ echo "LIBNBD_LIBS=$libnbd_libs" >> $config_host_mak
+fi
cat > $TMPC << EOF
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
diff --git a/engines/nbd.c b/engines/nbd.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..f8583812
--- /dev/null
+++ b/engines/nbd.c
@@ -0,0 +1,368 @@
+/*
+ * NBD engine
+ *
+ * IO engine that talks to an NBD server.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Red Hat Inc.
+ * Written by Richard W.M. Jones <rjones@redhat.com>
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+
+#include <libnbd.h>
+
+#include "../fio.h"
+#include "../optgroup.h"
+
+/* Actually this differs across servers, but for nbdkit ... */
+#define NBD_MAX_REQUEST_SIZE (64 * 1024 * 1024)
+
+/* Storage for the NBD handle. */
+struct nbd_data {
+ struct nbd_handle *nbd;
+ int debug;
+
+ /* The list of completed io_u structs. */
+ struct io_u **completed;
+ size_t nr_completed;
+};
+
+/* Options. */
+struct nbd_options {
+ void *padding;
+ char *uri;
+};
+
+static struct fio_option options[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "uri",
+ .lname = "NBD URI",
+ .help = "Name of NBD URI",
+ .category = FIO_OPT_C_ENGINE,
+ .group = FIO_OPT_G_NBD,
+ .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
+ .off1 = offsetof(struct nbd_options, uri),
+ },
+ {
+ .name = NULL,
+ },
+};
+
+/* Alocates nbd_data. */
+static int nbd_setup(struct thread_data *td)
+{
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data;
+ struct nbd_options *o = td->eo;
+ struct fio_file *f;
+ int r;
+ int64_t size;
+
+ nbd_data = calloc(1, sizeof(*nbd_data));
+ if (!nbd_data) {
+ td_verror(td, errno, "calloc");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ td->io_ops_data = nbd_data;
+
+ /* Pretend to deal with files. See engines/rbd.c */
+ if (!td->files_index) {
+ add_file(td, "nbd", 0, 0);
+ td->o.nr_files = td->o.nr_files ? : 1;
+ td->o.open_files++;
+ }
+ f = td->files[0];
+
+ nbd_data->nbd = nbd_create();
+ if (!nbd_data->nbd) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd_create: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Get the debug flag which can be set through LIBNBD_DEBUG=1. */
+ nbd_data->debug = nbd_get_debug(nbd_data->nbd);
+
+ /* Connect synchronously here so we can check for the size and
+ * in future other properties of the server.
+ */
+ if (!o->uri) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd: uri parameter was not specified\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ r = nbd_connect_uri(nbd_data->nbd, o->uri);
+ if (r == -1) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd_connect_uri: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return 1;
+ }
+ size = nbd_get_size(nbd_data->nbd);
+ if (size == -1) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd_get_size: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ f->real_file_size = size;
+
+ nbd_close (nbd_data->nbd);
+ nbd_data->nbd = NULL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Closes socket and frees nbd_data -- the opposite of nbd_setup. */
+static void nbd_cleanup(struct thread_data *td)
+{
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data = td->io_ops_data;
+
+ if (nbd_data) {
+ if (nbd_data->nbd)
+ nbd_close(nbd_data->nbd);
+ free(nbd_data);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Connect to the server from each thread. */
+static int nbd_init(struct thread_data *td)
+{
+ struct nbd_options *o = td->eo;
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data = td->io_ops_data;
+ int r;
+
+ if (!o->uri) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd: uri parameter was not specified\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ nbd_data->nbd = nbd_create();
+ if (!nbd_data->nbd) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd_create: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return 1;
+ }
+ /* This is actually a synchronous connect and handshake. */
+ r = nbd_connect_uri(nbd_data->nbd, o->uri);
+ if (r == -1) {
+ log_err("fio: nbd_connect_uri: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ log_info("fio: connected to NBD server\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* A command in flight has been completed. */
+static int cmd_completed (unsigned valid_flag, void *vp, int *error)
+{
+ struct io_u *io_u;
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data;
+ struct io_u **completed;
+
+ if (!(valid_flag & LIBNBD_CALLBACK_VALID))
+ return 0;
+
+ io_u = vp;
+ nbd_data = io_u->engine_data;
+
+ if (nbd_data->debug)
+ log_info("fio: nbd: command completed\n");
+
+ if (*error != 0)
+ io_u->error = *error;
+ else
+ io_u->error = 0;
+
+ /* Add this completion to the list so it can be picked up
+ * later by ->event.
+ */
+ completed = realloc(nbd_data->completed,
+ sizeof(struct io_u *) *
+ (nbd_data->nr_completed+1));
+ if (completed == NULL) {
+ io_u->error = errno;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ nbd_data->completed = completed;
+ nbd_data->completed[nbd_data->nr_completed] = io_u;
+ nbd_data->nr_completed++;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Begin read or write request. */
+static enum fio_q_status nbd_queue(struct thread_data *td,
+ struct io_u *io_u)
+{
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data = td->io_ops_data;
+ int r;
+
+ fio_ro_check(td, io_u);
+
+ io_u->engine_data = nbd_data;
+
+ if (io_u->ddir == DDIR_WRITE || io_u->ddir == DDIR_READ)
+ assert(io_u->xfer_buflen <= NBD_MAX_REQUEST_SIZE);
+
+ switch (io_u->ddir) {
+ case DDIR_READ:
+ r = nbd_aio_pread_callback(nbd_data->nbd,
+ io_u->xfer_buf, io_u->xfer_buflen,
+ io_u->offset,
+ cmd_completed, io_u,
+ 0);
+ break;
+ case DDIR_WRITE:
+ r = nbd_aio_pwrite_callback(nbd_data->nbd,
+ io_u->xfer_buf, io_u->xfer_buflen,
+ io_u->offset,
+ cmd_completed, io_u,
+ 0);
+ break;
+ case DDIR_TRIM:
+ r = nbd_aio_trim_callback(nbd_data->nbd, io_u->xfer_buflen,
+ io_u->offset,
+ cmd_completed, io_u,
+ 0);
+ break;
+ case DDIR_SYNC:
+ /* XXX We could probably also handle
+ * DDIR_SYNC_FILE_RANGE with a bit of effort.
+ */
+ r = nbd_aio_flush_callback(nbd_data->nbd,
+ cmd_completed, io_u,
+ 0);
+ break;
+ default:
+ io_u->error = EINVAL;
+ return FIO_Q_COMPLETED;
+ }
+
+ if (r == -1) {
+ /* errno is optional information on libnbd error path;
+ * if it's 0, set it to a default value
+ */
+ io_u->error = nbd_get_errno();
+ if (io_u->error == 0)
+ io_u->error = EIO;
+ return FIO_Q_COMPLETED;
+ }
+
+ if (nbd_data->debug)
+ log_info("fio: nbd: command issued\n");
+ io_u->error = 0;
+ return FIO_Q_QUEUED;
+}
+
+static unsigned retire_commands(struct nbd_handle *nbd)
+{
+ int64_t cookie;
+ unsigned r = 0;
+
+ while ((cookie = nbd_aio_peek_command_completed(nbd)) > 0) {
+ /* Ignore the return value. cmd_completed has already
+ * checked for an error and set io_u->error. We only
+ * have to call this to retire the command.
+ */
+ nbd_aio_command_completed(nbd, cookie);
+ r++;
+ }
+
+ if (nbd_get_debug(nbd))
+ log_info("fio: nbd: %u commands retired\n", r);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static int nbd_getevents(struct thread_data *td, unsigned int min,
+ unsigned int max, const struct timespec *t)
+{
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data = td->io_ops_data;
+ int r;
+ unsigned events = 0;
+ int timeout;
+
+ /* XXX This handling of timeout is wrong because it will wait
+ * for up to loop iterations * timeout.
+ */
+ timeout = !t ? -1 : t->tv_sec * 1000 + t->tv_nsec / 1000000;
+
+ while (events < min) {
+ r = nbd_poll(nbd_data->nbd, timeout);
+ if (r == -1) {
+ /* error in poll */
+ log_err("fio: nbd_poll: %s\n", nbd_get_error());
+ return -1;
+ }
+ else {
+ /* poll made progress */
+ events += retire_commands(nbd_data->nbd);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return events;
+}
+
+static struct io_u *nbd_event(struct thread_data *td, int event)
+{
+ struct nbd_data *nbd_data = td->io_ops_data;
+
+ if (nbd_data->nr_completed == 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* XXX We ignore the event number and assume fio calls us
+ * exactly once for [0..nr_events-1].
+ */
+ nbd_data->nr_completed--;
+ return nbd_data->completed[nbd_data->nr_completed];
+}
+
+static int nbd_io_u_init(struct thread_data *td, struct io_u *io_u)
+{
+ io_u->engine_data = NULL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nbd_io_u_free(struct thread_data *td, struct io_u *io_u)
+{
+ /* Nothing needs to be done. */
+}
+
+static int nbd_open_file(struct thread_data *td, struct fio_file *f)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int nbd_invalidate(struct thread_data *td, struct fio_file *f)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct ioengine_ops ioengine = {
+ .name = "nbd",
+ .version = FIO_IOOPS_VERSION,
+ .options = options,
+ .option_struct_size = sizeof(struct nbd_options),
+ .flags = FIO_DISKLESSIO | FIO_NOEXTEND,
+
+ .setup = nbd_setup,
+ .init = nbd_init,
+ .cleanup = nbd_cleanup,
+ .queue = nbd_queue,
+ .getevents = nbd_getevents,
+ .event = nbd_event,
+ .io_u_init = nbd_io_u_init,
+ .io_u_free = nbd_io_u_free,
+
+ .open_file = nbd_open_file,
+ .invalidate = nbd_invalidate,
+};
+
+static void fio_init fio_nbd_register(void)
+{
+ register_ioengine(&ioengine);
+}
+
+static void fio_exit fio_nbd_unregister(void)
+{
+ unregister_ioengine(&ioengine);
+}
diff --git a/examples/nbd.fio b/examples/nbd.fio
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..27e15086
--- /dev/null
+++ b/examples/nbd.fio
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+# To use fio to test nbdkit:
+#
+# nbdkit -U - memory size=256M --run 'export unixsocket; fio examples/nbd.fio'
+#
+# To use fio to test qemu-nbd:
+#
+# rm -f /tmp/disk.img /tmp/socket
+# truncate -s 256M /tmp/disk.img
+# export unixsocket=/tmp/socket
+# qemu-nbd -t -k $unixsocket -f raw /tmp/disk.img &
+# fio examples/nbd.fio
+# killall qemu-nbd
+
+[global]
+ioengine=nbd
+uri=nbd+unix:///?socket=${unixsocket}
+# Starting from nbdkit 1.14 the following will work:
+#uri=${uri}
+rw=randrw
+time_based
+runtime=60
+group_reporting
+iodepth=64
+
+[job0]
+offset=0
+
+[job1]
+offset=064m
+
+[job2]
+offset=128m
+
+[job3]
+offset=192m
diff --git a/fio.1 b/fio.1
index 2966d9d5..30b17f02 100644
--- a/fio.1
+++ b/fio.1
@@ -1756,6 +1756,9 @@ FIO will then decide when to commit these requests.
.TP
.B libiscsi
Read and write iscsi lun with libiscsi.
+.TP
+.B nbd
+Synchronous read and write a Network Block Device (NBD).
.SS "I/O engine specific parameters"
In addition, there are some parameters which are only valid when a specific
\fBioengine\fR is in use. These are used identically to normal parameters,
diff --git a/optgroup.c b/optgroup.c
index 04ceec7e..c228ff29 100644
--- a/optgroup.c
+++ b/optgroup.c
@@ -170,6 +170,10 @@ static const struct opt_group fio_opt_cat_groups[] = {
.mask = FIO_OPT_G_HDFS,
},
{
+ .name = "NBD I/O engine", /* NBD */
+ .mask = FIO_OPT_G_NBD,
+ },
+ {
.name = NULL,
},
};
diff --git a/optgroup.h b/optgroup.h
index 148c8da1..8009bf25 100644
--- a/optgroup.h
+++ b/optgroup.h
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ enum opt_category_group {
__FIO_OPT_G_SG,
__FIO_OPT_G_MMAP,
__FIO_OPT_G_ISCSI,
+ __FIO_OPT_G_NBD,
__FIO_OPT_G_NR,
FIO_OPT_G_RATE = (1ULL << __FIO_OPT_G_RATE),
@@ -102,6 +103,7 @@ enum opt_category_group {
FIO_OPT_G_MMAP = (1ULL << __FIO_OPT_G_MMAP),
FIO_OPT_G_INVALID = (1ULL << __FIO_OPT_G_NR),
FIO_OPT_G_ISCSI = (1ULL << __FIO_OPT_G_ISCSI),
+ FIO_OPT_G_NBD = (1ULL << __FIO_OPT_G_NBD),
};
extern const struct opt_group *opt_group_from_mask(uint64_t *mask);
diff --git a/options.c b/options.c
index 95086074..f4c9bedf 100644
--- a/options.c
+++ b/options.c
@@ -1899,6 +1899,9 @@ struct fio_option fio_options[FIO_MAX_OPTS] = {
.help = "HTTP (WebDAV/S3) IO engine",
},
#endif
+ { .ival = "nbd",
+ .help = "Network Block Device (NBD) IO engine"
+ },
},
},
{