93482f5294ed55c245e25a0e98f8151fe7354ced
[fio.git] / fio.c
1 /*
2  * fio - the flexible io tester
3  *
4  * Copyright (C) 2005 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>
5  * Copyright (C) 2006 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
6  *
7  * The license below covers all files distributed with fio unless otherwise
8  * noted in the file itself.
9  *
10  *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
11  *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
12  *  published by the Free Software Foundation.
13  *
14  *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
15  *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
16  *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
17  *  GNU General Public License for more details.
18  *
19  *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
20  *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
21  *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
22  *
23  */
24 #include <unistd.h>
25 #include <fcntl.h>
26 #include <string.h>
27 #include <signal.h>
28 #include <time.h>
29 #include <locale.h>
30 #include <assert.h>
31 #include <time.h>
32 #include <sys/stat.h>
33 #include <sys/wait.h>
34 #include <sys/ipc.h>
35 #include <sys/shm.h>
36 #include <sys/mman.h>
37
38 #include "fio.h"
39 #include "hash.h"
40 #include "smalloc.h"
41 #include "verify.h"
42 #include "trim.h"
43 #include "diskutil.h"
44 #include "cgroup.h"
45 #include "profile.h"
46 #include "lib/rand.h"
47
48 unsigned long page_mask;
49 unsigned long page_size;
50
51 #define PAGE_ALIGN(buf) \
52         (char *) (((unsigned long) (buf) + page_mask) & ~page_mask)
53
54 int groupid = 0;
55 int thread_number = 0;
56 int nr_process = 0;
57 int nr_thread = 0;
58 int shm_id = 0;
59 int temp_stall_ts;
60 unsigned long done_secs = 0;
61
62 static struct fio_mutex *startup_mutex;
63 static struct fio_mutex *writeout_mutex;
64 static volatile int fio_abort;
65 static int exit_value;
66 static timer_t ival_timer;
67 static pthread_t gtod_thread;
68 static struct flist_head *cgroup_list;
69 static char *cgroup_mnt;
70
71 struct io_log *agg_io_log[2];
72
73 #define TERMINATE_ALL           (-1)
74 #define JOB_START_TIMEOUT       (5 * 1000)
75
76 void td_set_runstate(struct thread_data *td, int runstate)
77 {
78         if (td->runstate == runstate)
79                 return;
80
81         dprint(FD_PROCESS, "pid=%d: runstate %d -> %d\n", (int) td->pid,
82                                                 td->runstate, runstate);
83         td->runstate = runstate;
84 }
85
86 static void terminate_threads(int group_id)
87 {
88         struct thread_data *td;
89         int i;
90
91         dprint(FD_PROCESS, "terminate group_id=%d\n", group_id);
92
93         for_each_td(td, i) {
94                 if (group_id == TERMINATE_ALL || groupid == td->groupid) {
95                         dprint(FD_PROCESS, "setting terminate on %s/%d\n",
96                                                 td->o.name, (int) td->pid);
97                         td->terminate = 1;
98                         td->o.start_delay = 0;
99
100                         /*
101                          * if the thread is running, just let it exit
102                          */
103                         if (td->runstate < TD_RUNNING)
104                                 kill(td->pid, SIGTERM);
105                         else {
106                                 struct ioengine_ops *ops = td->io_ops;
107
108                                 if (ops && (ops->flags & FIO_SIGTERM))
109                                         kill(td->pid, SIGTERM);
110                         }
111                 }
112         }
113 }
114
115 static void status_timer_arm(void)
116 {
117         struct itimerspec value;
118
119         value.it_value.tv_sec = 0;
120         value.it_value.tv_nsec = DISK_UTIL_MSEC * 1000000;
121         value.it_interval.tv_sec = 0;
122         value.it_interval.tv_nsec = DISK_UTIL_MSEC * 1000000;
123
124         timer_settime(ival_timer, 0, &value, NULL);
125 }
126
127 static void ival_fn(union sigval sig)
128 {
129         if (threads) {
130                 update_io_ticks();
131                 print_thread_status();
132         }
133 }
134
135 /*
136  * Happens on thread runs with ctrl-c, ignore our own SIGQUIT
137  */
138 static void sig_quit(int sig)
139 {
140 }
141
142 static void sig_int(int sig)
143 {
144         if (threads) {
145                 log_info("\nfio: terminating on signal %d\n", sig);
146                 fflush(stdout);
147                 terminate_threads(TERMINATE_ALL);
148         }
149 }
150
151 static void posix_timer_teardown(void)
152 {
153         timer_delete(ival_timer);
154 }
155
156 static void posix_timer_setup(void)
157 {
158         struct sigevent evt;
159
160         memset(&evt, 0, sizeof(evt));
161         evt.sigev_notify = SIGEV_THREAD;
162         evt.sigev_notify_function = ival_fn;
163
164         if (timer_create(FIO_TIMER_CLOCK, &evt, &ival_timer) < 0)
165                 perror("timer_create");
166
167 }
168
169 static void set_sig_handlers(void)
170 {
171         struct sigaction act;
172
173         memset(&act, 0, sizeof(act));
174         act.sa_handler = sig_int;
175         act.sa_flags = SA_RESTART;
176         sigaction(SIGINT, &act, NULL);
177
178         memset(&act, 0, sizeof(act));
179         act.sa_handler = sig_quit;
180         act.sa_flags = SA_RESTART;
181         sigaction(SIGTERM, &act, NULL);
182 }
183
184 /*
185  * Check if we are above the minimum rate given.
186  */
187 static int __check_min_rate(struct thread_data *td, struct timeval *now,
188                             enum td_ddir ddir)
189 {
190         unsigned long long bytes = 0;
191         unsigned long iops = 0;
192         unsigned long spent;
193         unsigned long rate;
194         unsigned int ratemin = 0;
195         unsigned int rate_iops = 0;
196         unsigned int rate_iops_min = 0;
197
198         assert(ddir_rw(ddir));
199
200         if (!td->o.ratemin[ddir] && !td->o.rate_iops_min[ddir])
201                 return 0;
202
203         /*
204          * allow a 2 second settle period in the beginning
205          */
206         if (mtime_since(&td->start, now) < 2000)
207                 return 0;
208
209         iops += td->io_blocks[ddir];
210         bytes += td->this_io_bytes[ddir];
211         ratemin += td->o.ratemin[ddir];
212         rate_iops += td->o.rate_iops[ddir];
213         rate_iops_min += td->o.rate_iops_min[ddir];
214
215         /*
216          * if rate blocks is set, sample is running
217          */
218         if (td->rate_bytes[ddir] || td->rate_blocks[ddir]) {
219                 spent = mtime_since(&td->lastrate[ddir], now);
220                 if (spent < td->o.ratecycle)
221                         return 0;
222
223                 if (td->o.rate[ddir]) {
224                         /*
225                          * check bandwidth specified rate
226                          */
227                         if (bytes < td->rate_bytes[ddir]) {
228                                 log_err("%s: min rate %u not met\n", td->o.name,
229                                                                 ratemin);
230                                 return 1;
231                         } else {
232                                 rate = ((bytes - td->rate_bytes[ddir]) * 1000) / spent;
233                                 if (rate < ratemin ||
234                                     bytes < td->rate_bytes[ddir]) {
235                                         log_err("%s: min rate %u not met, got"
236                                                 " %luKB/sec\n", td->o.name,
237                                                         ratemin, rate);
238                                         return 1;
239                                 }
240                         }
241                 } else {
242                         /*
243                          * checks iops specified rate
244                          */
245                         if (iops < rate_iops) {
246                                 log_err("%s: min iops rate %u not met\n",
247                                                 td->o.name, rate_iops);
248                                 return 1;
249                         } else {
250                                 rate = ((iops - td->rate_blocks[ddir]) * 1000) / spent;
251                                 if (rate < rate_iops_min ||
252                                     iops < td->rate_blocks[ddir]) {
253                                         log_err("%s: min iops rate %u not met,"
254                                                 " got %lu\n", td->o.name,
255                                                         rate_iops_min, rate);
256                                 }
257                         }
258                 }
259         }
260
261         td->rate_bytes[ddir] = bytes;
262         td->rate_blocks[ddir] = iops;
263         memcpy(&td->lastrate[ddir], now, sizeof(*now));
264         return 0;
265 }
266
267 static int check_min_rate(struct thread_data *td, struct timeval *now,
268                           unsigned long *bytes_done)
269 {
270         int ret = 0;
271
272         if (bytes_done[0])
273                 ret |= __check_min_rate(td, now, 0);
274         if (bytes_done[1])
275                 ret |= __check_min_rate(td, now, 1);
276
277         return ret;
278 }
279
280 static inline int runtime_exceeded(struct thread_data *td, struct timeval *t)
281 {
282         if (!td->o.timeout)
283                 return 0;
284         if (mtime_since(&td->epoch, t) >= td->o.timeout * 1000)
285                 return 1;
286
287         return 0;
288 }
289
290 /*
291  * When job exits, we can cancel the in-flight IO if we are using async
292  * io. Attempt to do so.
293  */
294 static void cleanup_pending_aio(struct thread_data *td)
295 {
296         struct flist_head *entry, *n;
297         struct io_u *io_u;
298         int r;
299
300         /*
301          * get immediately available events, if any
302          */
303         r = io_u_queued_complete(td, 0, NULL);
304         if (r < 0)
305                 return;
306
307         /*
308          * now cancel remaining active events
309          */
310         if (td->io_ops->cancel) {
311                 flist_for_each_safe(entry, n, &td->io_u_busylist) {
312                         io_u = flist_entry(entry, struct io_u, list);
313
314                         /*
315                          * if the io_u isn't in flight, then that generally
316                          * means someone leaked an io_u. complain but fix
317                          * it up, so we don't stall here.
318                          */
319                         if ((io_u->flags & IO_U_F_FLIGHT) == 0) {
320                                 log_err("fio: non-busy IO on busy list\n");
321                                 put_io_u(td, io_u);
322                         } else {
323                                 r = td->io_ops->cancel(td, io_u);
324                                 if (!r)
325                                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
326                         }
327                 }
328         }
329
330         if (td->cur_depth)
331                 r = io_u_queued_complete(td, td->cur_depth, NULL);
332 }
333
334 /*
335  * Helper to handle the final sync of a file. Works just like the normal
336  * io path, just does everything sync.
337  */
338 static int fio_io_sync(struct thread_data *td, struct fio_file *f)
339 {
340         struct io_u *io_u = __get_io_u(td);
341         int ret;
342
343         if (!io_u)
344                 return 1;
345
346         io_u->ddir = DDIR_SYNC;
347         io_u->file = f;
348
349         if (td_io_prep(td, io_u)) {
350                 put_io_u(td, io_u);
351                 return 1;
352         }
353
354 requeue:
355         ret = td_io_queue(td, io_u);
356         if (ret < 0) {
357                 td_verror(td, io_u->error, "td_io_queue");
358                 put_io_u(td, io_u);
359                 return 1;
360         } else if (ret == FIO_Q_QUEUED) {
361                 if (io_u_queued_complete(td, 1, NULL) < 0)
362                         return 1;
363         } else if (ret == FIO_Q_COMPLETED) {
364                 if (io_u->error) {
365                         td_verror(td, io_u->error, "td_io_queue");
366                         return 1;
367                 }
368
369                 if (io_u_sync_complete(td, io_u, NULL) < 0)
370                         return 1;
371         } else if (ret == FIO_Q_BUSY) {
372                 if (td_io_commit(td))
373                         return 1;
374                 goto requeue;
375         }
376
377         return 0;
378 }
379
380 static inline void update_tv_cache(struct thread_data *td)
381 {
382         if ((++td->tv_cache_nr & td->tv_cache_mask) == td->tv_cache_mask)
383                 fio_gettime(&td->tv_cache, NULL);
384 }
385
386 static int break_on_this_error(struct thread_data *td, int *retptr)
387 {
388         int ret = *retptr;
389
390         if (ret < 0 || td->error) {
391                 int err;
392
393                 if (!td->o.continue_on_error)
394                         return 1;
395
396                 if (ret < 0)
397                         err = -ret;
398                 else
399                         err = td->error;
400
401                 if (td_non_fatal_error(err)) {
402                         /*
403                          * Continue with the I/Os in case of
404                          * a non fatal error.
405                          */
406                         update_error_count(td, err);
407                         td_clear_error(td);
408                         *retptr = 0;
409                         return 0;
410                 } else if (td->o.fill_device && err == ENOSPC) {
411                         /*
412                          * We expect to hit this error if
413                          * fill_device option is set.
414                          */
415                         td_clear_error(td);
416                         td->terminate = 1;
417                         return 1;
418                 } else {
419                         /*
420                          * Stop the I/O in case of a fatal
421                          * error.
422                          */
423                         update_error_count(td, err);
424                         return 1;
425                 }
426         }
427
428         return 0;
429 }
430
431 /*
432  * The main verify engine. Runs over the writes we previously submitted,
433  * reads the blocks back in, and checks the crc/md5 of the data.
434  */
435 static void do_verify(struct thread_data *td)
436 {
437         struct fio_file *f;
438         struct io_u *io_u;
439         int ret, min_events;
440         unsigned int i;
441
442         dprint(FD_VERIFY, "starting loop\n");
443
444         /*
445          * sync io first and invalidate cache, to make sure we really
446          * read from disk.
447          */
448         for_each_file(td, f, i) {
449                 if (!fio_file_open(f))
450                         continue;
451                 if (fio_io_sync(td, f))
452                         break;
453                 if (file_invalidate_cache(td, f))
454                         break;
455         }
456
457         if (td->error)
458                 return;
459
460         td_set_runstate(td, TD_VERIFYING);
461
462         io_u = NULL;
463         while (!td->terminate) {
464                 int ret2, full;
465
466                 update_tv_cache(td);
467
468                 if (runtime_exceeded(td, &td->tv_cache)) {
469                         td->terminate = 1;
470                         break;
471                 }
472
473                 io_u = __get_io_u(td);
474                 if (!io_u)
475                         break;
476
477                 if (get_next_verify(td, io_u)) {
478                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
479                         break;
480                 }
481
482                 if (td_io_prep(td, io_u)) {
483                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
484                         break;
485                 }
486
487                 if (td->o.verify_async)
488                         io_u->end_io = verify_io_u_async;
489                 else
490                         io_u->end_io = verify_io_u;
491
492                 ret = td_io_queue(td, io_u);
493                 switch (ret) {
494                 case FIO_Q_COMPLETED:
495                         if (io_u->error) {
496                                 ret = -io_u->error;
497                                 clear_io_u(td, io_u);
498                         } else if (io_u->resid) {
499                                 int bytes = io_u->xfer_buflen - io_u->resid;
500                                 struct fio_file *f = io_u->file;
501
502                                 /*
503                                  * zero read, fail
504                                  */
505                                 if (!bytes) {
506                                         td_verror(td, EIO, "full resid");
507                                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
508                                         break;
509                                 }
510
511                                 io_u->xfer_buflen = io_u->resid;
512                                 io_u->xfer_buf += bytes;
513                                 io_u->offset += bytes;
514
515                                 if (ddir_rw(io_u->ddir))
516                                         td->ts.short_io_u[io_u->ddir]++;
517
518                                 if (io_u->offset == f->real_file_size)
519                                         goto sync_done;
520
521                                 requeue_io_u(td, &io_u);
522                         } else {
523 sync_done:
524                                 ret = io_u_sync_complete(td, io_u, NULL);
525                                 if (ret < 0)
526                                         break;
527                         }
528                         continue;
529                 case FIO_Q_QUEUED:
530                         break;
531                 case FIO_Q_BUSY:
532                         requeue_io_u(td, &io_u);
533                         ret2 = td_io_commit(td);
534                         if (ret2 < 0)
535                                 ret = ret2;
536                         break;
537                 default:
538                         assert(ret < 0);
539                         td_verror(td, -ret, "td_io_queue");
540                         break;
541                 }
542
543                 if (break_on_this_error(td, &ret))
544                         break;
545
546                 /*
547                  * if we can queue more, do so. but check if there are
548                  * completed io_u's first.
549                  */
550                 full = queue_full(td) || ret == FIO_Q_BUSY;
551                 if (full || !td->o.iodepth_batch_complete) {
552                         min_events = min(td->o.iodepth_batch_complete,
553                                          td->cur_depth);
554                         if (full && !min_events)
555                                 min_events = 1;
556
557                         do {
558                                 /*
559                                  * Reap required number of io units, if any,
560                                  * and do the verification on them through
561                                  * the callback handler
562                                  */
563                                 if (io_u_queued_complete(td, min_events, NULL) < 0) {
564                                         ret = -1;
565                                         break;
566                                 }
567                         } while (full && (td->cur_depth > td->o.iodepth_low));
568                 }
569                 if (ret < 0)
570                         break;
571         }
572
573         if (!td->error) {
574                 min_events = td->cur_depth;
575
576                 if (min_events)
577                         ret = io_u_queued_complete(td, min_events, NULL);
578         } else
579                 cleanup_pending_aio(td);
580
581         td_set_runstate(td, TD_RUNNING);
582
583         dprint(FD_VERIFY, "exiting loop\n");
584 }
585
586 /*
587  * Main IO worker function. It retrieves io_u's to process and queues
588  * and reaps them, checking for rate and errors along the way.
589  */
590 static void do_io(struct thread_data *td)
591 {
592         unsigned int i;
593         int ret = 0;
594
595         if (in_ramp_time(td))
596                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_RAMP);
597         else
598                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_RUNNING);
599
600         while ( (td->o.read_iolog_file && !flist_empty(&td->io_log_list)) ||
601                 (!flist_empty(&td->trim_list)) ||
602                 ((td->this_io_bytes[0] + td->this_io_bytes[1]) < td->o.size) ) {
603                 struct timeval comp_time;
604                 unsigned long bytes_done[2] = { 0, 0 };
605                 int min_evts = 0;
606                 struct io_u *io_u;
607                 int ret2, full;
608
609                 if (td->terminate)
610                         break;
611
612                 update_tv_cache(td);
613
614                 if (runtime_exceeded(td, &td->tv_cache)) {
615                         td->terminate = 1;
616                         break;
617                 }
618
619                 io_u = get_io_u(td);
620                 if (!io_u)
621                         break;
622
623                 /*
624                  * Add verification end_io handler, if asked to verify
625                  * a previously written file.
626                  */
627                 if (td->o.verify != VERIFY_NONE && io_u->ddir == DDIR_READ &&
628                     !td_rw(td)) {
629                         if (td->o.verify_async)
630                                 io_u->end_io = verify_io_u_async;
631                         else
632                                 io_u->end_io = verify_io_u;
633                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_VERIFYING);
634                 } else if (in_ramp_time(td))
635                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_RAMP);
636                 else
637                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_RUNNING);
638
639                 ret = td_io_queue(td, io_u);
640                 switch (ret) {
641                 case FIO_Q_COMPLETED:
642                         if (io_u->error) {
643                                 ret = -io_u->error;
644                                 clear_io_u(td, io_u);
645                         } else if (io_u->resid) {
646                                 int bytes = io_u->xfer_buflen - io_u->resid;
647                                 struct fio_file *f = io_u->file;
648
649                                 /*
650                                  * zero read, fail
651                                  */
652                                 if (!bytes) {
653                                         td_verror(td, EIO, "full resid");
654                                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
655                                         break;
656                                 }
657
658                                 io_u->xfer_buflen = io_u->resid;
659                                 io_u->xfer_buf += bytes;
660                                 io_u->offset += bytes;
661
662                                 if (ddir_rw(io_u->ddir))
663                                         td->ts.short_io_u[io_u->ddir]++;
664
665                                 if (io_u->offset == f->real_file_size)
666                                         goto sync_done;
667
668                                 requeue_io_u(td, &io_u);
669                         } else {
670 sync_done:
671                                 if (__should_check_rate(td, 0) ||
672                                     __should_check_rate(td, 1))
673                                         fio_gettime(&comp_time, NULL);
674
675                                 ret = io_u_sync_complete(td, io_u, bytes_done);
676                                 if (ret < 0)
677                                         break;
678                         }
679                         break;
680                 case FIO_Q_QUEUED:
681                         /*
682                          * if the engine doesn't have a commit hook,
683                          * the io_u is really queued. if it does have such
684                          * a hook, it has to call io_u_queued() itself.
685                          */
686                         if (td->io_ops->commit == NULL)
687                                 io_u_queued(td, io_u);
688                         break;
689                 case FIO_Q_BUSY:
690                         requeue_io_u(td, &io_u);
691                         ret2 = td_io_commit(td);
692                         if (ret2 < 0)
693                                 ret = ret2;
694                         break;
695                 default:
696                         assert(ret < 0);
697                         put_io_u(td, io_u);
698                         break;
699                 }
700
701                 if (break_on_this_error(td, &ret))
702                         break;
703
704                 /*
705                  * See if we need to complete some commands
706                  */
707                 full = queue_full(td) || ret == FIO_Q_BUSY;
708                 if (full || !td->o.iodepth_batch_complete) {
709                         min_evts = min(td->o.iodepth_batch_complete,
710                                         td->cur_depth);
711                         if (full && !min_evts)
712                                 min_evts = 1;
713
714                         if (__should_check_rate(td, 0) ||
715                             __should_check_rate(td, 1))
716                                 fio_gettime(&comp_time, NULL);
717
718                         do {
719                                 ret = io_u_queued_complete(td, min_evts, bytes_done);
720                                 if (ret < 0)
721                                         break;
722
723                         } while (full && (td->cur_depth > td->o.iodepth_low));
724                 }
725
726                 if (ret < 0)
727                         break;
728                 if (!(bytes_done[0] + bytes_done[1]))
729                         continue;
730
731                 if (!in_ramp_time(td) && should_check_rate(td, bytes_done)) {
732                         if (check_min_rate(td, &comp_time, bytes_done)) {
733                                 if (exitall_on_terminate)
734                                         terminate_threads(td->groupid);
735                                 td_verror(td, EIO, "check_min_rate");
736                                 break;
737                         }
738                 }
739
740                 if (td->o.thinktime) {
741                         unsigned long long b;
742
743                         b = td->io_blocks[0] + td->io_blocks[1];
744                         if (!(b % td->o.thinktime_blocks)) {
745                                 int left;
746
747                                 if (td->o.thinktime_spin)
748                                         usec_spin(td->o.thinktime_spin);
749
750                                 left = td->o.thinktime - td->o.thinktime_spin;
751                                 if (left)
752                                         usec_sleep(td, left);
753                         }
754                 }
755         }
756
757         if (td->trim_entries)
758                 printf("trim entries %ld\n", td->trim_entries);
759
760         if (td->o.fill_device && td->error == ENOSPC) {
761                 td->error = 0;
762                 td->terminate = 1;
763         }
764         if (!td->error) {
765                 struct fio_file *f;
766
767                 i = td->cur_depth;
768                 if (i)
769                         ret = io_u_queued_complete(td, i, NULL);
770
771                 if (should_fsync(td) && td->o.end_fsync) {
772                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_FSYNCING);
773
774                         for_each_file(td, f, i) {
775                                 if (!fio_file_open(f))
776                                         continue;
777                                 fio_io_sync(td, f);
778                         }
779                 }
780         } else
781                 cleanup_pending_aio(td);
782
783         /*
784          * stop job if we failed doing any IO
785          */
786         if ((td->this_io_bytes[0] + td->this_io_bytes[1]) == 0)
787                 td->done = 1;
788 }
789
790 static void cleanup_io_u(struct thread_data *td)
791 {
792         struct flist_head *entry, *n;
793         struct io_u *io_u;
794
795         flist_for_each_safe(entry, n, &td->io_u_freelist) {
796                 io_u = flist_entry(entry, struct io_u, list);
797
798                 flist_del(&io_u->list);
799                 free(io_u);
800         }
801
802         free_io_mem(td);
803 }
804
805 static int init_io_u(struct thread_data *td)
806 {
807         struct io_u *io_u;
808         unsigned int max_bs;
809         int cl_align, i, max_units;
810         char *p;
811
812         max_units = td->o.iodepth;
813         max_bs = max(td->o.max_bs[DDIR_READ], td->o.max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
814         td->orig_buffer_size = (unsigned long long) max_bs
815                                         * (unsigned long long) max_units;
816
817         if (td->o.mem_type == MEM_SHMHUGE || td->o.mem_type == MEM_MMAPHUGE) {
818                 unsigned long bs;
819
820                 bs = td->orig_buffer_size + td->o.hugepage_size - 1;
821                 td->orig_buffer_size = bs & ~(td->o.hugepage_size - 1);
822         }
823
824         if (td->orig_buffer_size != (size_t) td->orig_buffer_size) {
825                 log_err("fio: IO memory too large. Reduce max_bs or iodepth\n");
826                 return 1;
827         }
828
829         if (allocate_io_mem(td))
830                 return 1;
831
832         if (td->o.odirect || td->o.mem_align ||
833             (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_RAWIO))
834                 p = PAGE_ALIGN(td->orig_buffer) + td->o.mem_align;
835         else
836                 p = td->orig_buffer;
837
838         cl_align = os_cache_line_size();
839
840         for (i = 0; i < max_units; i++) {
841                 void *ptr;
842
843                 if (td->terminate)
844                         return 1;
845
846                 if (posix_memalign(&ptr, cl_align, sizeof(*io_u))) {
847                         log_err("fio: posix_memalign=%s\n", strerror(errno));
848                         break;
849                 }
850
851                 io_u = ptr;
852                 memset(io_u, 0, sizeof(*io_u));
853                 INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&io_u->list);
854                 dprint(FD_MEM, "io_u alloc %p, index %u\n", io_u, i);
855
856                 if (!(td->io_ops->flags & FIO_NOIO)) {
857                         io_u->buf = p + max_bs * i;
858                         dprint(FD_MEM, "io_u %p, mem %p\n", io_u, io_u->buf);
859
860                         if (td_write(td) && !td->o.refill_buffers)
861                                 io_u_fill_buffer(td, io_u, max_bs);
862                         else if (td_write(td) && td->o.verify_pattern_bytes) {
863                                 /*
864                                  * Fill the buffer with the pattern if we are
865                                  * going to be doing writes.
866                                  */
867                                 fill_pattern(td, io_u->buf, max_bs, io_u);
868                         }
869                 }
870
871                 io_u->index = i;
872                 io_u->flags = IO_U_F_FREE;
873                 flist_add(&io_u->list, &td->io_u_freelist);
874         }
875
876         return 0;
877 }
878
879 static int switch_ioscheduler(struct thread_data *td)
880 {
881         char tmp[256], tmp2[128];
882         FILE *f;
883         int ret;
884
885         if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_DISKLESSIO)
886                 return 0;
887
888         sprintf(tmp, "%s/queue/scheduler", td->sysfs_root);
889
890         f = fopen(tmp, "r+");
891         if (!f) {
892                 if (errno == ENOENT) {
893                         log_err("fio: os or kernel doesn't support IO scheduler"
894                                 " switching\n");
895                         return 0;
896                 }
897                 td_verror(td, errno, "fopen iosched");
898                 return 1;
899         }
900
901         /*
902          * Set io scheduler.
903          */
904         ret = fwrite(td->o.ioscheduler, strlen(td->o.ioscheduler), 1, f);
905         if (ferror(f) || ret != 1) {
906                 td_verror(td, errno, "fwrite");
907                 fclose(f);
908                 return 1;
909         }
910
911         rewind(f);
912
913         /*
914          * Read back and check that the selected scheduler is now the default.
915          */
916         ret = fread(tmp, 1, sizeof(tmp), f);
917         if (ferror(f) || ret < 0) {
918                 td_verror(td, errno, "fread");
919                 fclose(f);
920                 return 1;
921         }
922
923         sprintf(tmp2, "[%s]", td->o.ioscheduler);
924         if (!strstr(tmp, tmp2)) {
925                 log_err("fio: io scheduler %s not found\n", td->o.ioscheduler);
926                 td_verror(td, EINVAL, "iosched_switch");
927                 fclose(f);
928                 return 1;
929         }
930
931         fclose(f);
932         return 0;
933 }
934
935 static int keep_running(struct thread_data *td)
936 {
937         unsigned long long io_done;
938
939         if (td->done)
940                 return 0;
941         if (td->o.time_based)
942                 return 1;
943         if (td->o.loops) {
944                 td->o.loops--;
945                 return 1;
946         }
947
948         io_done = td->io_bytes[DDIR_READ] + td->io_bytes[DDIR_WRITE]
949                         + td->io_skip_bytes;
950         if (io_done < td->o.size)
951                 return 1;
952
953         return 0;
954 }
955
956 static void reset_io_counters(struct thread_data *td)
957 {
958         td->ts.stat_io_bytes[0] = td->ts.stat_io_bytes[1] = 0;
959         td->this_io_bytes[0] = td->this_io_bytes[1] = 0;
960         td->zone_bytes = 0;
961         td->rate_bytes[0] = td->rate_bytes[1] = 0;
962         td->rate_blocks[0] = td->rate_blocks[1] = 0;
963
964         td->last_was_sync = 0;
965
966         /*
967          * reset file done count if we are to start over
968          */
969         if (td->o.time_based || td->o.loops)
970                 td->nr_done_files = 0;
971
972         /*
973          * Set the same seed to get repeatable runs
974          */
975         td_fill_rand_seeds(td);
976 }
977
978 void reset_all_stats(struct thread_data *td)
979 {
980         struct timeval tv;
981         int i;
982
983         reset_io_counters(td);
984
985         for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
986                 td->io_bytes[i] = 0;
987                 td->io_blocks[i] = 0;
988                 td->io_issues[i] = 0;
989                 td->ts.total_io_u[i] = 0;
990         }
991         
992         fio_gettime(&tv, NULL);
993         td->ts.runtime[0] = 0;
994         td->ts.runtime[1] = 0;
995         memcpy(&td->epoch, &tv, sizeof(tv));
996         memcpy(&td->start, &tv, sizeof(tv));
997 }
998
999 static void clear_io_state(struct thread_data *td)
1000 {
1001         struct fio_file *f;
1002         unsigned int i;
1003
1004         reset_io_counters(td);
1005
1006         close_files(td);
1007         for_each_file(td, f, i)
1008                 fio_file_clear_done(f);
1009 }
1010
1011 static int exec_string(const char *string)
1012 {
1013         int ret, newlen = strlen(string) + 1 + 8;
1014         char *str;
1015
1016         str = malloc(newlen);
1017         sprintf(str, "sh -c %s", string);
1018
1019         ret = system(str);
1020         if (ret == -1)
1021                 log_err("fio: exec of cmd <%s> failed\n", str);
1022
1023         free(str);
1024         return ret;
1025 }
1026
1027 /*
1028  * Entry point for the thread based jobs. The process based jobs end up
1029  * here as well, after a little setup.
1030  */
1031 static void *thread_main(void *data)
1032 {
1033         unsigned long long elapsed;
1034         struct thread_data *td = data;
1035         pthread_condattr_t attr;
1036         int clear_state;
1037
1038         if (!td->o.use_thread)
1039                 setsid();
1040
1041         td->pid = getpid();
1042
1043         dprint(FD_PROCESS, "jobs pid=%d started\n", (int) td->pid);
1044
1045         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->io_u_freelist);
1046         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->io_u_busylist);
1047         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->io_u_requeues);
1048         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->io_log_list);
1049         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->io_hist_list);
1050         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->verify_list);
1051         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(&td->trim_list);
1052         pthread_mutex_init(&td->io_u_lock, NULL);
1053         td->io_hist_tree = RB_ROOT;
1054
1055         pthread_condattr_init(&attr);
1056         pthread_cond_init(&td->verify_cond, &attr);
1057         pthread_cond_init(&td->free_cond, &attr);
1058
1059         td_set_runstate(td, TD_INITIALIZED);
1060         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "up startup_mutex\n");
1061         fio_mutex_up(startup_mutex);
1062         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "wait on td->mutex\n");
1063         fio_mutex_down(td->mutex);
1064         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "done waiting on td->mutex\n");
1065
1066         /*
1067          * the ->mutex mutex is now no longer used, close it to avoid
1068          * eating a file descriptor
1069          */
1070         fio_mutex_remove(td->mutex);
1071
1072         if (td->o.uid != -1U && setuid(td->o.uid)) {
1073                 td_verror(td, errno, "setuid");
1074                 goto err;
1075         }
1076         if (td->o.gid != -1U && setgid(td->o.gid)) {
1077                 td_verror(td, errno, "setgid");
1078                 goto err;
1079         }
1080
1081         /*
1082          * May alter parameters that init_io_u() will use, so we need to
1083          * do this first.
1084          */
1085         if (init_iolog(td))
1086                 goto err;
1087
1088         if (init_io_u(td))
1089                 goto err;
1090
1091         if (td->o.verify_async && verify_async_init(td))
1092                 goto err;
1093
1094         if (td->o.cpumask_set && fio_setaffinity(td->pid, td->o.cpumask) == -1) {
1095                 td_verror(td, errno, "cpu_set_affinity");
1096                 goto err;
1097         }
1098
1099         /*
1100          * If we have a gettimeofday() thread, make sure we exclude that
1101          * thread from this job
1102          */
1103         if (td->o.gtod_cpu) {
1104                 fio_cpu_clear(&td->o.cpumask, td->o.gtod_cpu);
1105                 if (fio_setaffinity(td->pid, td->o.cpumask) == -1) {
1106                         td_verror(td, errno, "cpu_set_affinity");
1107                         goto err;
1108                 }
1109         }
1110
1111         if (td->ioprio_set) {
1112                 if (ioprio_set(IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS, 0, td->ioprio) == -1) {
1113                         td_verror(td, errno, "ioprio_set");
1114                         goto err;
1115                 }
1116         }
1117
1118         if (td->o.cgroup_weight && cgroup_setup(td, cgroup_list, &cgroup_mnt))
1119                 goto err;
1120
1121         if (nice(td->o.nice) == -1) {
1122                 td_verror(td, errno, "nice");
1123                 goto err;
1124         }
1125
1126         if (td->o.ioscheduler && switch_ioscheduler(td))
1127                 goto err;
1128
1129         if (!td->o.create_serialize && setup_files(td))
1130                 goto err;
1131
1132         if (td_io_init(td))
1133                 goto err;
1134
1135         if (init_random_map(td))
1136                 goto err;
1137
1138         if (td->o.exec_prerun) {
1139                 if (exec_string(td->o.exec_prerun))
1140                         goto err;
1141         }
1142
1143         if (td->o.pre_read) {
1144                 if (pre_read_files(td) < 0)
1145                         goto err;
1146         }
1147
1148         fio_gettime(&td->epoch, NULL);
1149         getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &td->ts.ru_start);
1150
1151         clear_state = 0;
1152         while (keep_running(td)) {
1153                 fio_gettime(&td->start, NULL);
1154                 memcpy(&td->ts.stat_sample_time[0], &td->start,
1155                                 sizeof(td->start));
1156                 memcpy(&td->ts.stat_sample_time[1], &td->start,
1157                                 sizeof(td->start));
1158                 memcpy(&td->tv_cache, &td->start, sizeof(td->start));
1159
1160                 if (td->o.ratemin[0] || td->o.ratemin[1])
1161                         memcpy(&td->lastrate, &td->ts.stat_sample_time,
1162                                                         sizeof(td->lastrate));
1163
1164                 if (clear_state)
1165                         clear_io_state(td);
1166
1167                 prune_io_piece_log(td);
1168
1169                 do_io(td);
1170
1171                 clear_state = 1;
1172
1173                 if (td_read(td) && td->io_bytes[DDIR_READ]) {
1174                         elapsed = utime_since_now(&td->start);
1175                         td->ts.runtime[DDIR_READ] += elapsed;
1176                 }
1177                 if (td_write(td) && td->io_bytes[DDIR_WRITE]) {
1178                         elapsed = utime_since_now(&td->start);
1179                         td->ts.runtime[DDIR_WRITE] += elapsed;
1180                 }
1181
1182                 if (td->error || td->terminate)
1183                         break;
1184
1185                 if (!td->o.do_verify ||
1186                     td->o.verify == VERIFY_NONE ||
1187                     (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_UNIDIR))
1188                         continue;
1189
1190                 clear_io_state(td);
1191
1192                 fio_gettime(&td->start, NULL);
1193
1194                 do_verify(td);
1195
1196                 td->ts.runtime[DDIR_READ] += utime_since_now(&td->start);
1197
1198                 if (td->error || td->terminate)
1199                         break;
1200         }
1201
1202         update_rusage_stat(td);
1203         td->ts.runtime[0] = (td->ts.runtime[0] + 999) / 1000;
1204         td->ts.runtime[1] = (td->ts.runtime[1] + 999) / 1000;
1205         td->ts.total_run_time = mtime_since_now(&td->epoch);
1206         td->ts.io_bytes[0] = td->io_bytes[0];
1207         td->ts.io_bytes[1] = td->io_bytes[1];
1208
1209         fio_mutex_down(writeout_mutex);
1210         if (td->ts.bw_log) {
1211                 if (td->o.bw_log_file) {
1212                         finish_log_named(td, td->ts.bw_log,
1213                                                 td->o.bw_log_file, "bw");
1214                 } else
1215                         finish_log(td, td->ts.bw_log, "bw");
1216         }
1217         if (td->ts.lat_log) {
1218                 if (td->o.lat_log_file) {
1219                         finish_log_named(td, td->ts.lat_log,
1220                                                 td->o.lat_log_file, "lat");
1221                 } else
1222                         finish_log(td, td->ts.lat_log, "lat");
1223         }
1224         if (td->ts.slat_log) {
1225                 if (td->o.lat_log_file) {
1226                         finish_log_named(td, td->ts.slat_log,
1227                                                 td->o.lat_log_file, "slat");
1228                 } else
1229                         finish_log(td, td->ts.slat_log, "slat");
1230         }
1231         if (td->ts.clat_log) {
1232                 if (td->o.lat_log_file) {
1233                         finish_log_named(td, td->ts.clat_log,
1234                                                 td->o.lat_log_file, "clat");
1235                 } else
1236                         finish_log(td, td->ts.clat_log, "clat");
1237         }
1238         fio_mutex_up(writeout_mutex);
1239         if (td->o.exec_postrun)
1240                 exec_string(td->o.exec_postrun);
1241
1242         if (exitall_on_terminate)
1243                 terminate_threads(td->groupid);
1244
1245 err:
1246         if (td->error)
1247                 log_info("fio: pid=%d, err=%d/%s\n", (int) td->pid, td->error,
1248                                                         td->verror);
1249
1250         if (td->o.verify_async)
1251                 verify_async_exit(td);
1252
1253         close_and_free_files(td);
1254         close_ioengine(td);
1255         cleanup_io_u(td);
1256         cgroup_shutdown(td, &cgroup_mnt);
1257
1258         if (td->o.cpumask_set) {
1259                 int ret = fio_cpuset_exit(&td->o.cpumask);
1260
1261                 td_verror(td, ret, "fio_cpuset_exit");
1262         }
1263
1264         /*
1265          * do this very late, it will log file closing as well
1266          */
1267         if (td->o.write_iolog_file)
1268                 write_iolog_close(td);
1269
1270         options_mem_free(td);
1271         td_set_runstate(td, TD_EXITED);
1272         return (void *) (unsigned long) td->error;
1273 }
1274
1275 /*
1276  * We cannot pass the td data into a forked process, so attach the td and
1277  * pass it to the thread worker.
1278  */
1279 static int fork_main(int shmid, int offset)
1280 {
1281         struct thread_data *td;
1282         void *data, *ret;
1283
1284         data = shmat(shmid, NULL, 0);
1285         if (data == (void *) -1) {
1286                 int __err = errno;
1287
1288                 perror("shmat");
1289                 return __err;
1290         }
1291
1292         td = data + offset * sizeof(struct thread_data);
1293         ret = thread_main(td);
1294         shmdt(data);
1295         return (int) (unsigned long) ret;
1296 }
1297
1298 /*
1299  * Run over the job map and reap the threads that have exited, if any.
1300  */
1301 static void reap_threads(int *nr_running, int *t_rate, int *m_rate)
1302 {
1303         struct thread_data *td;
1304         int i, cputhreads, realthreads, pending, status, ret;
1305
1306         /*
1307          * reap exited threads (TD_EXITED -> TD_REAPED)
1308          */
1309         realthreads = pending = cputhreads = 0;
1310         for_each_td(td, i) {
1311                 int flags = 0;
1312
1313                 /*
1314                  * ->io_ops is NULL for a thread that has closed its
1315                  * io engine
1316                  */
1317                 if (td->io_ops && !strcmp(td->io_ops->name, "cpuio"))
1318                         cputhreads++;
1319                 else
1320                         realthreads++;
1321
1322                 if (!td->pid) {
1323                         pending++;
1324                         continue;
1325                 }
1326                 if (td->runstate == TD_REAPED)
1327                         continue;
1328                 if (td->o.use_thread) {
1329                         if (td->runstate == TD_EXITED) {
1330                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_REAPED);
1331                                 goto reaped;
1332                         }
1333                         continue;
1334                 }
1335
1336                 flags = WNOHANG;
1337                 if (td->runstate == TD_EXITED)
1338                         flags = 0;
1339
1340                 /*
1341                  * check if someone quit or got killed in an unusual way
1342                  */
1343                 ret = waitpid(td->pid, &status, flags);
1344                 if (ret < 0) {
1345                         if (errno == ECHILD) {
1346                                 log_err("fio: pid=%d disappeared %d\n",
1347                                                 (int) td->pid, td->runstate);
1348                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_REAPED);
1349                                 goto reaped;
1350                         }
1351                         perror("waitpid");
1352                 } else if (ret == td->pid) {
1353                         if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
1354                                 int sig = WTERMSIG(status);
1355
1356                                 if (sig != SIGTERM)
1357                                         log_err("fio: pid=%d, got signal=%d\n",
1358                                                         (int) td->pid, sig);
1359                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_REAPED);
1360                                 goto reaped;
1361                         }
1362                         if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
1363                                 if (WEXITSTATUS(status) && !td->error)
1364                                         td->error = WEXITSTATUS(status);
1365
1366                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_REAPED);
1367                                 goto reaped;
1368                         }
1369                 }
1370
1371                 /*
1372                  * thread is not dead, continue
1373                  */
1374                 pending++;
1375                 continue;
1376 reaped:
1377                 (*nr_running)--;
1378                 (*m_rate) -= (td->o.ratemin[0] + td->o.ratemin[1]);
1379                 (*t_rate) -= (td->o.rate[0] + td->o.rate[1]);
1380                 if (!td->pid)
1381                         pending--;
1382
1383                 if (td->error)
1384                         exit_value++;
1385
1386                 done_secs += mtime_since_now(&td->epoch) / 1000;
1387         }
1388
1389         if (*nr_running == cputhreads && !pending && realthreads)
1390                 terminate_threads(TERMINATE_ALL);
1391 }
1392
1393 static void *gtod_thread_main(void *data)
1394 {
1395         fio_mutex_up(startup_mutex);
1396
1397         /*
1398          * As long as we have jobs around, update the clock. It would be nice
1399          * to have some way of NOT hammering that CPU with gettimeofday(),
1400          * but I'm not sure what to use outside of a simple CPU nop to relax
1401          * it - we don't want to lose precision.
1402          */
1403         while (threads) {
1404                 fio_gtod_update();
1405                 nop;
1406         }
1407
1408         return NULL;
1409 }
1410
1411 static int fio_start_gtod_thread(void)
1412 {
1413         pthread_attr_t attr;
1414         int ret;
1415
1416         pthread_attr_init(&attr);
1417         pthread_attr_setstacksize(&attr, PTHREAD_STACK_MIN);
1418         ret = pthread_create(&gtod_thread, &attr, gtod_thread_main, NULL);
1419         pthread_attr_destroy(&attr);
1420         if (ret) {
1421                 log_err("Can't create gtod thread: %s\n", strerror(ret));
1422                 return 1;
1423         }
1424
1425         ret = pthread_detach(gtod_thread);
1426         if (ret) {
1427                 log_err("Can't detatch gtod thread: %s\n", strerror(ret));
1428                 return 1;
1429         }
1430
1431         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "wait on startup_mutex\n");
1432         fio_mutex_down(startup_mutex);
1433         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "done waiting on startup_mutex\n");
1434         return 0;
1435 }
1436
1437 /*
1438  * Main function for kicking off and reaping jobs, as needed.
1439  */
1440 static void run_threads(void)
1441 {
1442         struct thread_data *td;
1443         unsigned long spent;
1444         int i, todo, nr_running, m_rate, t_rate, nr_started;
1445
1446         if (fio_pin_memory())
1447                 return;
1448
1449         if (fio_gtod_offload && fio_start_gtod_thread())
1450                 return;
1451
1452         if (!terse_output) {
1453                 log_info("Starting ");
1454                 if (nr_thread)
1455                         log_info("%d thread%s", nr_thread,
1456                                                 nr_thread > 1 ? "s" : "");
1457                 if (nr_process) {
1458                         if (nr_thread)
1459                                 printf(" and ");
1460                         log_info("%d process%s", nr_process,
1461                                                 nr_process > 1 ? "es" : "");
1462                 }
1463                 log_info("\n");
1464                 fflush(stdout);
1465         }
1466
1467         set_sig_handlers();
1468
1469         todo = thread_number;
1470         nr_running = 0;
1471         nr_started = 0;
1472         m_rate = t_rate = 0;
1473
1474         for_each_td(td, i) {
1475                 print_status_init(td->thread_number - 1);
1476
1477                 if (!td->o.create_serialize) {
1478                         init_disk_util(td);
1479                         continue;
1480                 }
1481
1482                 /*
1483                  * do file setup here so it happens sequentially,
1484                  * we don't want X number of threads getting their
1485                  * client data interspersed on disk
1486                  */
1487                 if (setup_files(td)) {
1488                         exit_value++;
1489                         if (td->error)
1490                                 log_err("fio: pid=%d, err=%d/%s\n",
1491                                         (int) td->pid, td->error, td->verror);
1492                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_REAPED);
1493                         todo--;
1494                 } else {
1495                         struct fio_file *f;
1496                         unsigned int i;
1497
1498                         /*
1499                          * for sharing to work, each job must always open
1500                          * its own files. so close them, if we opened them
1501                          * for creation
1502                          */
1503                         for_each_file(td, f, i) {
1504                                 if (fio_file_open(f))
1505                                         td_io_close_file(td, f);
1506                         }
1507                 }
1508
1509                 init_disk_util(td);
1510         }
1511
1512         set_genesis_time();
1513
1514         while (todo) {
1515                 struct thread_data *map[MAX_JOBS];
1516                 struct timeval this_start;
1517                 int this_jobs = 0, left;
1518
1519                 /*
1520                  * create threads (TD_NOT_CREATED -> TD_CREATED)
1521                  */
1522                 for_each_td(td, i) {
1523                         if (td->runstate != TD_NOT_CREATED)
1524                                 continue;
1525
1526                         /*
1527                          * never got a chance to start, killed by other
1528                          * thread for some reason
1529                          */
1530                         if (td->terminate) {
1531                                 todo--;
1532                                 continue;
1533                         }
1534
1535                         if (td->o.start_delay) {
1536                                 spent = mtime_since_genesis();
1537
1538                                 if (td->o.start_delay * 1000 > spent)
1539                                         continue;
1540                         }
1541
1542                         if (td->o.stonewall && (nr_started || nr_running)) {
1543                                 dprint(FD_PROCESS, "%s: stonewall wait\n",
1544                                                         td->o.name);
1545                                 break;
1546                         }
1547
1548                         /*
1549                          * Set state to created. Thread will transition
1550                          * to TD_INITIALIZED when it's done setting up.
1551                          */
1552                         td_set_runstate(td, TD_CREATED);
1553                         map[this_jobs++] = td;
1554                         nr_started++;
1555
1556                         if (td->o.use_thread) {
1557                                 int ret;
1558
1559                                 dprint(FD_PROCESS, "will pthread_create\n");
1560                                 ret = pthread_create(&td->thread, NULL,
1561                                                         thread_main, td);
1562                                 if (ret) {
1563                                         log_err("pthread_create: %s\n",
1564                                                         strerror(ret));
1565                                         nr_started--;
1566                                         break;
1567                                 }
1568                                 ret = pthread_detach(td->thread);
1569                                 if (ret)
1570                                         log_err("pthread_detach: %s",
1571                                                         strerror(ret));
1572                         } else {
1573                                 pid_t pid;
1574                                 dprint(FD_PROCESS, "will fork\n");
1575                                 pid = fork();
1576                                 if (!pid) {
1577                                         int ret = fork_main(shm_id, i);
1578
1579                                         _exit(ret);
1580                                 } else if (i == fio_debug_jobno)
1581                                         *fio_debug_jobp = pid;
1582                         }
1583                         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "wait on startup_mutex\n");
1584                         if (fio_mutex_down_timeout(startup_mutex, 10)) {
1585                                 log_err("fio: job startup hung? exiting.\n");
1586                                 terminate_threads(TERMINATE_ALL);
1587                                 fio_abort = 1;
1588                                 nr_started--;
1589                                 break;
1590                         }
1591                         dprint(FD_MUTEX, "done waiting on startup_mutex\n");
1592                 }
1593
1594                 /*
1595                  * Wait for the started threads to transition to
1596                  * TD_INITIALIZED.
1597                  */
1598                 fio_gettime(&this_start, NULL);
1599                 left = this_jobs;
1600                 while (left && !fio_abort) {
1601                         if (mtime_since_now(&this_start) > JOB_START_TIMEOUT)
1602                                 break;
1603
1604                         usleep(100000);
1605
1606                         for (i = 0; i < this_jobs; i++) {
1607                                 td = map[i];
1608                                 if (!td)
1609                                         continue;
1610                                 if (td->runstate == TD_INITIALIZED) {
1611                                         map[i] = NULL;
1612                                         left--;
1613                                 } else if (td->runstate >= TD_EXITED) {
1614                                         map[i] = NULL;
1615                                         left--;
1616                                         todo--;
1617                                         nr_running++; /* work-around... */
1618                                 }
1619                         }
1620                 }
1621
1622                 if (left) {
1623                         log_err("fio: %d jobs failed to start\n", left);
1624                         for (i = 0; i < this_jobs; i++) {
1625                                 td = map[i];
1626                                 if (!td)
1627                                         continue;
1628                                 kill(td->pid, SIGTERM);
1629                         }
1630                         break;
1631                 }
1632
1633                 /*
1634                  * start created threads (TD_INITIALIZED -> TD_RUNNING).
1635                  */
1636                 for_each_td(td, i) {
1637                         if (td->runstate != TD_INITIALIZED)
1638                                 continue;
1639
1640                         if (in_ramp_time(td))
1641                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_RAMP);
1642                         else
1643                                 td_set_runstate(td, TD_RUNNING);
1644                         nr_running++;
1645                         nr_started--;
1646                         m_rate += td->o.ratemin[0] + td->o.ratemin[1];
1647                         t_rate += td->o.rate[0] + td->o.rate[1];
1648                         todo--;
1649                         fio_mutex_up(td->mutex);
1650                 }
1651
1652                 reap_threads(&nr_running, &t_rate, &m_rate);
1653
1654                 if (todo)
1655                         usleep(100000);
1656         }
1657
1658         while (nr_running) {
1659                 reap_threads(&nr_running, &t_rate, &m_rate);
1660                 usleep(10000);
1661         }
1662
1663         update_io_ticks();
1664         fio_unpin_memory();
1665 }
1666
1667 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
1668 {
1669         long ps;
1670
1671         sinit();
1672         init_rand(&__fio_rand_state);
1673
1674         /*
1675          * We need locale for number printing, if it isn't set then just
1676          * go with the US format.
1677          */
1678         if (!getenv("LC_NUMERIC"))
1679                 setlocale(LC_NUMERIC, "en_US");
1680
1681         ps = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
1682         if (ps < 0) {
1683                 log_err("Failed to get page size\n");
1684                 return 1;
1685         }
1686
1687         page_size = ps;
1688         page_mask = ps - 1;
1689
1690         fio_keywords_init();
1691
1692         if (parse_options(argc, argv))
1693                 return 1;
1694
1695         if (exec_profile && load_profile(exec_profile))
1696                 return 1;
1697
1698         if (!thread_number)
1699                 return 0;
1700
1701         if (write_bw_log) {
1702                 setup_log(&agg_io_log[DDIR_READ]);
1703                 setup_log(&agg_io_log[DDIR_WRITE]);
1704         }
1705
1706         startup_mutex = fio_mutex_init(0);
1707         if (startup_mutex == NULL)
1708                 return 1;
1709         writeout_mutex = fio_mutex_init(1);
1710         if (writeout_mutex == NULL)
1711                 return 1;
1712
1713         set_genesis_time();
1714
1715         posix_timer_setup();
1716         status_timer_arm();
1717
1718         cgroup_list = smalloc(sizeof(*cgroup_list));
1719         INIT_FLIST_HEAD(cgroup_list);
1720
1721         run_threads();
1722
1723         if (!fio_abort) {
1724                 show_run_stats();
1725                 if (write_bw_log) {
1726                         __finish_log(agg_io_log[DDIR_READ], "agg-read_bw.log");
1727                         __finish_log(agg_io_log[DDIR_WRITE],
1728                                         "agg-write_bw.log");
1729                 }
1730         }
1731
1732         cgroup_kill(cgroup_list);
1733         sfree(cgroup_list);
1734         sfree(cgroup_mnt);
1735
1736         posix_timer_teardown();
1737         fio_mutex_remove(startup_mutex);
1738         fio_mutex_remove(writeout_mutex);
1739         return exit_value;
1740 }