Prefix external io engine loading with 'external'
[fio.git] / init.c
CommitLineData
906c8d75 1/*
cb2c86fd 2 * This file contains job initialization and setup functions.
906c8d75 3 */
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4#include <stdio.h>
5#include <stdlib.h>
6#include <unistd.h>
7#include <fcntl.h>
8#include <ctype.h>
9#include <string.h>
10#include <errno.h>
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11#include <getopt.h>
12#include <assert.h>
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13#include <sys/ipc.h>
14#include <sys/shm.h>
15#include <sys/types.h>
16#include <sys/stat.h>
17
18#include "fio.h"
cb2c86fd 19#include "parse.h"
ebac4655 20
ee738499 21#define FIO_RANDSEED (0xb1899bedUL)
ebac4655 22
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23#define td_var_offset(var) ((size_t) &((struct thread_data *)0)->var)
24
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25static int str_ioengine_cb(void *, const char *);
26static int str_mem_cb(void *, const char *);
e1f36503 27static int str_lockmem_cb(void *, unsigned long *);
34cfcdaf 28#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
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29static int str_prio_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
30static int str_prioclass_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
34cfcdaf 31#endif
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32static int str_exitall_cb(void);
33static int str_cpumask_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
34
ee738499
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35#define __stringify_1(x) #x
36#define __stringify(x) __stringify_1(x)
37
e1f36503
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38/*
39 * Map of job/command line options
40 */
41static struct fio_option options[] = {
61697c37
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42 {
43 .name = "description",
44 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
45 .off1 = td_var_offset(description),
46 .help = "Text job description",
47 },
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48 {
49 .name = "name",
50 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
51 .off1 = td_var_offset(name),
fd28ca49 52 .help = "Name of this job",
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53 },
54 {
55 .name = "directory",
56 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
57 .off1 = td_var_offset(directory),
fd28ca49 58 .help = "Directory to store files in",
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59 },
60 {
61 .name = "filename",
62 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
63 .off1 = td_var_offset(filename),
fd28ca49 64 .help = "Force the use of a specific file",
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65 },
66 {
67 .name = "rw",
68 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
b1ec1da6 69 .off1 = td_var_offset(td_ddir),
15f7918f 70 .help = "IO direction",
ee738499 71 .def = "read",
b1ec1da6
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72 .posval = {
73 { .ival = "read", .oval = TD_DDIR_READ },
74 { .ival = "write", .oval = TD_DDIR_WRITE },
75 { .ival = "randread", .oval = TD_DDIR_RANDREAD },
76 { .ival = "randwrite", .oval = TD_DDIR_RANDWRITE },
77 { .ival = "rw", .oval = TD_DDIR_RW },
78 { .ival = "randrw", .oval = TD_DDIR_RANDRW },
79 },
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80 },
81 {
82 .name = "ioengine",
83 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
84 .cb = str_ioengine_cb,
15f7918f 85 .help = "IO engine to use",
ee738499 86 .def = "sync",
b1ec1da6 87 .posval = {
10cad1aa
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88 { .ival = "sync", },
89#ifdef FIO_HAVE_LIBAIO
90 { .ival = "libaio", },
91#endif
92#ifdef FIO_HAVE_POSIXAIO
93 { .ival = "posixaio", },
94#endif
95 { .ival = "mmap", },
96#ifdef FIO_HAVE_SPLICE
97 { .ival = "splice", },
98#endif
99#ifdef FIO_HAVE_SGIO
100 { .ival = "sg", },
101#endif
b1ec1da6 102 { .ival = "null", }, { .ival = "net", },
10cad1aa 103#ifdef FIO_HAVE_SYSLET
b1ec1da6 104 { .ival = "syslet-rw", },
10cad1aa 105#endif
7b395ca5 106 { .ival = "external", },
b1ec1da6 107 },
e1f36503 108 },
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109 {
110 .name = "iodepth",
111 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
112 .off1 = td_var_offset(iodepth),
113 .help = "Amount of IO buffers to keep in flight",
114 .def = "1",
115 },
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116 {
117 .name = "iodepth_batch",
118 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
119 .off1 = td_var_offset(iodepth_batch),
120 .help = "Number of IO to submit in one go",
121 },
e916b390
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122 {
123 .name = "iodepth_low",
124 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
125 .off1 = td_var_offset(iodepth_low),
126 .help = "Low water mark for queuing depth",
127 },
03b74b3e
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128 {
129 .name = "size",
130 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
131 .off1 = td_var_offset(total_file_size),
132 .help = "Size of device or file",
133 },
134 {
135 .name = "bs",
136 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL_INT,
137 .off1 = td_var_offset(bs[DDIR_READ]),
138 .off2 = td_var_offset(bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
139 .help = "Block size unit",
140 .def = "4k",
141 },
142 {
143 .name = "bsrange",
144 .type = FIO_OPT_RANGE,
145 .off1 = td_var_offset(min_bs[DDIR_READ]),
146 .off2 = td_var_offset(max_bs[DDIR_READ]),
147 .off3 = td_var_offset(min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
148 .off4 = td_var_offset(max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
149 .help = "Set block size range (in more detail than bs)",
150 },
151 {
152 .name = "bs_unaligned",
153 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
154 .off1 = td_var_offset(bs_unaligned),
155 .help = "Don't sector align IO buffer sizes",
156 },
157 {
158 .name = "offset",
159 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
160 .off1 = td_var_offset(start_offset),
161 .help = "Start IO from this offset",
162 .def = "0",
163 },
164 {
165 .name = "randrepeat",
166 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
167 .off1 = td_var_offset(rand_repeatable),
168 .help = "Use repeatable random IO pattern",
169 .def = "1",
170 },
171 {
172 .name = "norandommap",
173 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
174 .off1 = td_var_offset(norandommap),
175 .help = "Accept potential duplicate random blocks",
176 },
177 {
178 .name = "nrfiles",
179 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
180 .off1 = td_var_offset(nr_files),
181 .help = "Split job workload between this number of files",
182 .def = "1",
183 },
0aabe160
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184 {
185 .name = "file_service_type",
186 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
b1ec1da6 187 .off1 = td_var_offset(file_service_type),
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188 .help = "How to select which file to service next",
189 .def = "roundrobin",
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190 .posval = {
191 { .ival = "random", .oval = FIO_FSERVICE_RANDOM },
192 { .ival = "roundrobin", .oval = FIO_FSERVICE_RR },
193 },
0aabe160 194 },
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195 {
196 .name = "fsync",
197 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
198 .off1 = td_var_offset(fsync_blocks),
199 .help = "Issue fsync for writes every given number of blocks",
200 .def = "0",
201 },
202 {
203 .name = "direct",
204 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
205 .off1 = td_var_offset(odirect),
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206 .help = "Use O_DIRECT IO (negates buffered)",
207 .def = "0",
208 },
209 {
210 .name = "buffered",
211 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
212 .off1 = td_var_offset(odirect),
213 .neg = 1,
214 .help = "Use buffered IO (negates direct)",
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215 .def = "1",
216 },
217 {
218 .name = "overwrite",
219 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
220 .off1 = td_var_offset(overwrite),
221 .help = "When writing, set whether to overwrite current data",
222 .def = "0",
223 },
224 {
225 .name = "loops",
226 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
227 .off1 = td_var_offset(loops),
228 .help = "Number of times to run the job",
229 .def = "1",
230 },
231 {
232 .name = "numjobs",
233 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
234 .off1 = td_var_offset(numjobs),
235 .help = "Duplicate this job this many times",
236 .def = "1",
237 },
238 {
239 .name = "startdelay",
240 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
241 .off1 = td_var_offset(start_delay),
242 .help = "Only start job when this period has passed",
243 .def = "0",
244 },
245 {
246 .name = "runtime",
247 .alias = "timeout",
248 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL_TIME,
249 .off1 = td_var_offset(timeout),
250 .help = "Stop workload when this amount of time has passed",
251 .def = "0",
252 },
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253 {
254 .name = "mem",
255 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
256 .cb = str_mem_cb,
b1ec1da6 257 .off1 = td_var_offset(mem_type),
15f7918f 258 .help = "Backing type for IO buffers",
ee738499 259 .def = "malloc",
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260 .posval = {
261 { .ival = "malloc", .oval = MEM_MALLOC },
262 { .ival = "shm", .oval = MEM_SHM },
263#ifdef FIO_HAVE_HUGETLB
264 { .ival = "shmhuge", .oval = MEM_SHMHUGE },
265#endif
266 { .ival = "mmap", .oval = MEM_MMAP },
267#ifdef FIO_HAVE_HUGETLB
268 { .ival = "mmaphuge", .oval = MEM_MMAPHUGE },
269#endif
270 },
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271 },
272 {
273 .name = "verify",
274 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
b1ec1da6 275 .off1 = td_var_offset(verify),
15f7918f 276 .help = "Verify sum function",
ee738499 277 .def = "0",
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278 .posval = {
279 { .ival = "0", .oval = VERIFY_NONE },
280 { .ival = "crc32", .oval = VERIFY_CRC32 },
281 { .ival = "md5", .oval = VERIFY_MD5 },
282 },
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283 },
284 {
285 .name = "write_iolog",
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286 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
287 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_iolog_file),
fd28ca49 288 .help = "Store IO pattern to file",
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289 },
290 {
076efc7c 291 .name = "read_iolog",
e1f36503 292 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
076efc7c 293 .off1 = td_var_offset(read_iolog_file),
fd28ca49 294 .help = "Playback IO pattern from file",
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295 },
296 {
297 .name = "exec_prerun",
298 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
299 .off1 = td_var_offset(exec_prerun),
fd28ca49 300 .help = "Execute this file prior to running job",
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301 },
302 {
303 .name = "exec_postrun",
304 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
305 .off1 = td_var_offset(exec_postrun),
fd28ca49 306 .help = "Execute this file after running job",
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307 },
308#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOSCHED_SWITCH
309 {
310 .name = "ioscheduler",
311 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
312 .off1 = td_var_offset(ioscheduler),
fd28ca49 313 .help = "Use this IO scheduler on the backing device",
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314 },
315#endif
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316 {
317 .name = "zonesize",
318 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
319 .off1 = td_var_offset(zone_size),
fd28ca49 320 .help = "Give size of an IO zone",
ee738499 321 .def = "0",
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322 },
323 {
324 .name = "zoneskip",
325 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
326 .off1 = td_var_offset(zone_skip),
fd28ca49 327 .help = "Space between IO zones",
ee738499 328 .def = "0",
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329 },
330 {
331 .name = "lockmem",
332 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
333 .cb = str_lockmem_cb,
fd28ca49 334 .help = "Lock down this amount of memory",
ee738499 335 .def = "0",
e1f36503 336 },
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337 {
338 .name = "rwmixcycle",
339 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
340 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixcycle),
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341 .help = "Cycle period for mixed read/write workloads (msec)",
342 .def = "500",
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343 },
344 {
345 .name = "rwmixread",
346 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
347 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixread),
ee738499 348 .maxval = 100,
fd28ca49 349 .help = "Percentage of mixed workload that is reads",
ee738499 350 .def = "50",
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351 },
352 {
353 .name = "rwmixwrite",
354 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
355 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixwrite),
ee738499 356 .maxval = 100,
fd28ca49 357 .help = "Percentage of mixed workload that is writes",
ee738499 358 .def = "50",
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359 },
360 {
361 .name = "nice",
362 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
363 .off1 = td_var_offset(nice),
fd28ca49 364 .help = "Set job CPU nice value",
15f7918f 365 .minval = -19,
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366 .maxval = 20,
367 .def = "0",
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368 },
369#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
370 {
371 .name = "prio",
372 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
373 .cb = str_prio_cb,
fd28ca49 374 .help = "Set job IO priority value",
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375 .minval = 0,
376 .maxval = 7,
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377 },
378 {
379 .name = "prioclass",
380 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
381 .cb = str_prioclass_cb,
fd28ca49 382 .help = "Set job IO priority class",
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383 .minval = 0,
384 .maxval = 3,
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385 },
386#endif
387 {
388 .name = "thinktime",
389 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 390 .off1 = td_var_offset(thinktime),
5fa0f817 391 .help = "Idle time between IO buffers (usec)",
ee738499 392 .def = "0",
e1f36503 393 },
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394 {
395 .name = "thinktime_spin",
396 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
397 .off1 = td_var_offset(thinktime_spin),
398 .help = "Start thinktime by spinning this amount (usec)",
399 .def = "0",
400 },
9c1f7434
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401 {
402 .name = "thinktime_blocks",
403 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 404 .off1 = td_var_offset(thinktime_blocks),
fd28ca49 405 .help = "IO buffer period between 'thinktime'",
ee738499 406 .def = "1",
9c1f7434 407 },
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408 {
409 .name = "rate",
410 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 411 .off1 = td_var_offset(rate),
fd28ca49 412 .help = "Set bandwidth rate",
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413 },
414 {
415 .name = "ratemin",
416 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 417 .off1 = td_var_offset(ratemin),
fd28ca49 418 .help = "The bottom limit accepted",
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419 },
420 {
421 .name = "ratecycle",
422 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 423 .off1 = td_var_offset(ratecycle),
6da1fa7f 424 .help = "Window average for rate limits (msec)",
ee738499 425 .def = "1000",
e1f36503 426 },
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427 {
428 .name = "invalidate",
13335ddb 429 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 430 .off1 = td_var_offset(invalidate_cache),
fd28ca49 431 .help = "Invalidate buffer/page cache prior to running job",
ee738499 432 .def = "1",
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433 },
434 {
435 .name = "sync",
13335ddb 436 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 437 .off1 = td_var_offset(sync_io),
fd28ca49 438 .help = "Use O_SYNC for buffered writes",
ee738499 439 .def = "0",
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440 },
441 {
442 .name = "bwavgtime",
443 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 444 .off1 = td_var_offset(bw_avg_time),
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445 .help = "Time window over which to calculate bandwidth (msec)",
446 .def = "500",
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447 },
448 {
449 .name = "create_serialize",
13335ddb 450 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 451 .off1 = td_var_offset(create_serialize),
fd28ca49 452 .help = "Serialize creating of job files",
ee738499 453 .def = "1",
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454 },
455 {
456 .name = "create_fsync",
13335ddb 457 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 458 .off1 = td_var_offset(create_fsync),
fd28ca49 459 .help = "Fsync file after creation",
ee738499 460 .def = "1",
e1f36503 461 },
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462 {
463 .name = "cpuload",
464 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 465 .off1 = td_var_offset(cpuload),
fd28ca49 466 .help = "Use this percentage of CPU",
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467 },
468 {
469 .name = "cpuchunks",
470 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 471 .off1 = td_var_offset(cpucycle),
fd28ca49 472 .help = "Length of the CPU burn cycles",
e1f36503 473 },
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474#ifdef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
475 {
476 .name = "cpumask",
477 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
478 .cb = str_cpumask_cb,
fd28ca49 479 .help = "CPU affinity mask",
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480 },
481#endif
482 {
483 .name = "end_fsync",
13335ddb 484 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 485 .off1 = td_var_offset(end_fsync),
fd28ca49 486 .help = "Include fsync at the end of job",
ee738499 487 .def = "0",
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488 },
489 {
490 .name = "unlink",
13335ddb 491 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
e1f36503 492 .off1 = td_var_offset(unlink),
ee738499 493 .help = "Unlink created files after job has completed",
e545a6ce 494 .def = "0",
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495 },
496 {
497 .name = "exitall",
498 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
499 .cb = str_exitall_cb,
fd28ca49 500 .help = "Terminate all jobs when one exits",
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501 },
502 {
503 .name = "stonewall",
504 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
505 .off1 = td_var_offset(stonewall),
fd28ca49 506 .help = "Insert a hard barrier between this job and previous",
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507 },
508 {
509 .name = "thread",
510 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
d9bb3b80 511 .off1 = td_var_offset(use_thread),
fd28ca49 512 .help = "Use threads instead of forks",
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513 },
514 {
515 .name = "write_bw_log",
516 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
517 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_bw_log),
fd28ca49 518 .help = "Write log of bandwidth during run",
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519 },
520 {
521 .name = "write_lat_log",
522 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
523 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_lat_log),
fd28ca49 524 .help = "Write log of latency during run",
e1f36503 525 },
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526 {
527 .name = "hugepage-size",
528 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
529 .off1 = td_var_offset(hugepage_size),
fd28ca49 530 .help = "When using hugepages, specify size of each page",
ee738499 531 .def = __stringify(FIO_HUGE_PAGE),
56bb17f2 532 },
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533 {
534 .name = NULL,
535 },
536};
537
b4692828
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538#define FIO_JOB_OPTS (sizeof(options) / sizeof(struct fio_option))
539#define FIO_CMD_OPTS (16)
540#define FIO_GETOPT_JOB (0x89988998)
541
542/*
543 * Command line options. These will contain the above, plus a few
544 * extra that only pertain to fio itself and not jobs.
545 */
546static struct option long_options[FIO_JOB_OPTS + FIO_CMD_OPTS] = {
547 {
548 .name = "output",
549 .has_arg = required_argument,
550 .val = 'o',
551 },
552 {
553 .name = "timeout",
554 .has_arg = required_argument,
555 .val = 't',
556 },
557 {
558 .name = "latency-log",
559 .has_arg = required_argument,
560 .val = 'l',
561 },
562 {
563 .name = "bandwidth-log",
564 .has_arg = required_argument,
565 .val = 'b',
566 },
567 {
568 .name = "minimal",
569 .has_arg = optional_argument,
570 .val = 'm',
571 },
572 {
573 .name = "version",
574 .has_arg = no_argument,
575 .val = 'v',
576 },
fd28ca49
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577 {
578 .name = "help",
579 .has_arg = no_argument,
580 .val = 'h',
581 },
582 {
583 .name = "cmdhelp",
584 .has_arg = required_argument,
585 .val = 'c',
586 },
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587 {
588 .name = NULL,
589 },
590};
591
ee738499 592static int def_timeout = 0;
972cfd25 593
e77fe33a 594static char fio_version_string[] = "fio 1.12";
ebac4655 595
972cfd25 596static char **ini_file;
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597static int max_jobs = MAX_JOBS;
598
599struct thread_data def_thread;
600struct thread_data *threads = NULL;
601
ebac4655 602int exitall_on_terminate = 0;
c6ae0a5b 603int terse_output = 0;
c04f7ec3 604unsigned long long mlock_size = 0;
eb8bbf48
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605FILE *f_out = NULL;
606FILE *f_err = NULL;
ebac4655 607
ee738499 608static int write_lat_log = 0;
bb3884d8 609int write_bw_log = 0;
ec94ec56 610
906c8d75
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611/*
612 * Return a free job structure.
613 */
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614static struct thread_data *get_new_job(int global, struct thread_data *parent)
615{
616 struct thread_data *td;
617
618 if (global)
619 return &def_thread;
620 if (thread_number >= max_jobs)
621 return NULL;
622
623 td = &threads[thread_number++];
ddaeaa5a 624 *td = *parent;
ebac4655 625
ebac4655 626 td->thread_number = thread_number;
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627 return td;
628}
629
630static void put_job(struct thread_data *td)
631{
549577a7
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632 if (td == &def_thread)
633 return;
634
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635 if (td->error)
636 fprintf(f_out, "fio: %s\n", td->verror);
637
ebac4655
JA
638 memset(&threads[td->thread_number - 1], 0, sizeof(*td));
639 thread_number--;
640}
641
dad915e3
JA
642/*
643 * Lazy way of fixing up options that depend on each other. We could also
644 * define option callback handlers, but this is easier.
645 */
e1f36503
JA
646static void fixup_options(struct thread_data *td)
647{
e1f36503
JA
648 if (!td->rwmixread && td->rwmixwrite)
649 td->rwmixread = 100 - td->rwmixwrite;
dad915e3 650
076efc7c
JA
651 if (td->write_iolog_file && td->read_iolog_file) {
652 log_err("fio: read iolog overrides write_iolog\n");
653 free(td->write_iolog_file);
654 td->write_iolog_file = NULL;
655 }
16b462ae
JA
656
657 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_SYNCIO)
658 td->iodepth = 1;
659 else {
660 if (!td->iodepth)
661 td->iodepth = td->nr_files;
662 }
663
664 /*
665 * only really works for sequential io for now, and with 1 file
666 */
413dd459 667 if (td->zone_size && td_random(td) && td->nr_files == 1)
16b462ae
JA
668 td->zone_size = 0;
669
670 /*
671 * Reads can do overwrites, we always need to pre-create the file
672 */
673 if (td_read(td) || td_rw(td))
674 td->overwrite = 1;
675
a00735e6
JA
676 if (!td->min_bs[DDIR_READ])
677 td->min_bs[DDIR_READ]= td->bs[DDIR_READ];
678 if (!td->max_bs[DDIR_READ])
679 td->max_bs[DDIR_READ] = td->bs[DDIR_READ];
680 if (!td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
75e6f36f 681 td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]= td->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
a00735e6 682 if (!td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
75e6f36f 683 td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] = td->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
a00735e6
JA
684
685 td->rw_min_bs = min(td->min_bs[DDIR_READ], td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
686
16b462ae
JA
687 if (td_read(td) && !td_rw(td))
688 td->verify = 0;
bb8895e0
JA
689
690 if (td->norandommap && td->verify != VERIFY_NONE) {
691 log_err("fio: norandommap given, verify disabled\n");
692 td->verify = VERIFY_NONE;
693 }
690adba3
JA
694 if (td->bs_unaligned && (td->odirect || td->io_ops->flags & FIO_RAWIO))
695 log_err("fio: bs_unaligned may not work with raw io\n");
e0a22335
JA
696
697 /*
698 * O_DIRECT and char doesn't mix, clear that flag if necessary.
699 */
700 if (td->filetype == FIO_TYPE_CHAR && td->odirect)
701 td->odirect = 0;
48097d5c
JA
702
703 /*
704 * thinktime_spin must be less than thinktime
705 */
706 if (td->thinktime_spin > td->thinktime)
707 td->thinktime_spin = td->thinktime;
e916b390
JA
708
709 /*
710 * The low water mark cannot be bigger than the iodepth
711 */
9467b77c
JA
712 if (td->iodepth_low > td->iodepth || !td->iodepth_low) {
713 /*
714 * syslet work around - if the workload is sequential,
715 * we want to let the queue drain all the way down to
716 * avoid seeking between async threads
717 */
718 if (!strcmp(td->io_ops->name, "syslet-rw") && !td_random(td))
719 td->iodepth_low = 1;
720 else
721 td->iodepth_low = td->iodepth;
722 }
cb5ab512
JA
723
724 /*
725 * If batch number isn't set, default to the same as iodepth
726 */
727 if (td->iodepth_batch > td->iodepth || !td->iodepth_batch)
728 td->iodepth_batch = td->iodepth;
e1f36503
JA
729}
730
f8977ee6
JA
731/*
732 * This function leaks the buffer
733 */
734static char *to_kmg(unsigned int val)
735{
736 char *buf = malloc(32);
f3502ba2 737 char post[] = { 0, 'K', 'M', 'G', 'P', 'E', 0 };
f8977ee6
JA
738 char *p = post;
739
245142ff 740 do {
f8977ee6
JA
741 if (val & 1023)
742 break;
743
744 val >>= 10;
745 p++;
245142ff 746 } while (*p);
f8977ee6
JA
747
748 snprintf(buf, 31, "%u%c", val, *p);
749 return buf;
750}
751
906c8d75
JA
752/*
753 * Adds a job to the list of things todo. Sanitizes the various options
754 * to make sure we don't have conflicts, and initializes various
755 * members of td.
756 */
75154845 757static int add_job(struct thread_data *td, const char *jobname, int job_add_num)
ebac4655 758{
413dd459
JA
759 const char *ddir_str[] = { NULL, "read", "write", "rw", NULL,
760 "randread", "randwrite", "randrw" };
ebac4655 761 struct stat sb;
413dd459 762 int numjobs, i;
53cdc686 763 struct fio_file *f;
ebac4655 764
ebac4655
JA
765 /*
766 * the def_thread is just for options, it's not a real job
767 */
768 if (td == &def_thread)
769 return 0;
770
ee738499 771 assert(td->io_ops);
df64119d 772
690adba3
JA
773 if (td->odirect)
774 td->io_ops->flags |= FIO_RAWIO;
775
ebac4655 776 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_FILE;
890df538 777 if (td->filename && !lstat(td->filename, &sb)) {
0af7b542
JA
778 if (S_ISBLK(sb.st_mode))
779 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_BD;
780 else if (S_ISCHR(sb.st_mode))
781 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_CHAR;
782 }
ebac4655 783
e0a22335
JA
784 fixup_options(td);
785
13f8e2d2
JA
786 if (td->filename)
787 td->nr_uniq_files = 1;
788 else
789 td->nr_uniq_files = td->nr_files;
790
791 if (td->filetype == FIO_TYPE_FILE || td->filename) {
e9c047a0 792 char tmp[PATH_MAX];
53cdc686 793 int len = 0;
e9c047a0 794
16edf25d
JA
795 if (td->directory && td->directory[0] != '\0') {
796 if (lstat(td->directory, &sb) < 0) {
797 log_err("fio: %s is not a directory\n", td->directory);
e1161c32 798 td_verror(td, errno, "lstat");
16edf25d
JA
799 return 1;
800 }
801 if (!S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode)) {
802 log_err("fio: %s is not a directory\n", td->directory);
803 return 1;
804 }
8aeebd55 805 len = sprintf(tmp, "%s/", td->directory);
16edf25d 806 }
ebac4655 807
53cdc686
JA
808 td->files = malloc(sizeof(struct fio_file) * td->nr_files);
809
810 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
811 memset(f, 0, sizeof(*f));
812 f->fd = -1;
813
13f8e2d2
JA
814 if (td->filename)
815 sprintf(tmp + len, "%s", td->filename);
816 else
817 sprintf(tmp + len, "%s.%d.%d", jobname, td->thread_number, i);
53cdc686
JA
818 f->file_name = strdup(tmp);
819 }
820 } else {
821 td->nr_files = 1;
822 td->files = malloc(sizeof(struct fio_file));
823 f = &td->files[0];
824
825 memset(f, 0, sizeof(*f));
826 f->fd = -1;
827 f->file_name = strdup(jobname);
828 }
829
830 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
831 f->file_size = td->total_file_size / td->nr_files;
832 f->file_offset = td->start_offset;
833 }
834
bbfd6b00 835 fio_sem_init(&td->mutex, 0);
ebac4655 836
079ad09b
JA
837 td->ts.clat_stat[0].min_val = td->ts.clat_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
838 td->ts.slat_stat[0].min_val = td->ts.slat_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
839 td->ts.bw_stat[0].min_val = td->ts.bw_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
ebac4655 840
ebac4655
JA
841 if (td->stonewall && td->thread_number > 1)
842 groupid++;
843
844 td->groupid = groupid;
845
846 if (setup_rate(td))
847 goto err;
848
ec94ec56 849 if (td->write_lat_log) {
079ad09b
JA
850 setup_log(&td->ts.slat_log);
851 setup_log(&td->ts.clat_log);
ebac4655 852 }
ec94ec56 853 if (td->write_bw_log)
079ad09b 854 setup_log(&td->ts.bw_log);
ebac4655 855
b4692828
JA
856 if (!td->name)
857 td->name = strdup(jobname);
01452055 858
c6ae0a5b 859 if (!terse_output) {
b990b5c0 860 if (!job_add_num) {
2866c82d 861 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_CPUIO)
b990b5c0 862 fprintf(f_out, "%s: ioengine=cpu, cpuload=%u, cpucycle=%u\n", td->name, td->cpuload, td->cpucycle);
f8977ee6
JA
863 else {
864 char *c1, *c2, *c3, *c4;
865
866 c1 = to_kmg(td->min_bs[DDIR_READ]);
867 c2 = to_kmg(td->max_bs[DDIR_READ]);
868 c3 = to_kmg(td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
869 c4 = to_kmg(td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
870
413dd459 871 fprintf(f_out, "%s: (g=%d): rw=%s, bs=%s-%s/%s-%s, ioengine=%s, iodepth=%u\n", td->name, td->groupid, ddir_str[td->td_ddir], c1, c2, c3, c4, td->io_ops->name, td->iodepth);
f8977ee6
JA
872
873 free(c1);
874 free(c2);
875 free(c3);
876 free(c4);
877 }
b990b5c0 878 } else if (job_add_num == 1)
c6ae0a5b
JA
879 fprintf(f_out, "...\n");
880 }
ebac4655
JA
881
882 /*
883 * recurse add identical jobs, clear numjobs and stonewall options
884 * as they don't apply to sub-jobs
885 */
886 numjobs = td->numjobs;
887 while (--numjobs) {
888 struct thread_data *td_new = get_new_job(0, td);
889
890 if (!td_new)
891 goto err;
892
893 td_new->numjobs = 1;
894 td_new->stonewall = 0;
75154845 895 job_add_num = numjobs - 1;
ebac4655 896
75154845 897 if (add_job(td_new, jobname, job_add_num))
ebac4655
JA
898 goto err;
899 }
900 return 0;
901err:
902 put_job(td);
903 return -1;
904}
905
906c8d75
JA
906/*
907 * Initialize the various random states we need (random io, block size ranges,
908 * read/write mix, etc).
909 */
ebac4655
JA
910int init_random_state(struct thread_data *td)
911{
0aabe160 912 unsigned long seeds[5];
53cdc686 913 int fd, num_maps, blocks, i;
0ab8db89 914 struct fio_file *f;
ebac4655 915
f48b467c
JA
916 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_CPUIO)
917 return 0;
918
1ac267bb 919 fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
ebac4655 920 if (fd == -1) {
e1161c32 921 td_verror(td, errno, "open");
ebac4655
JA
922 return 1;
923 }
924
a6ccc7be 925 if (read(fd, seeds, sizeof(seeds)) < (int) sizeof(seeds)) {
e1161c32 926 td_verror(td, EIO, "read");
ebac4655
JA
927 close(fd);
928 return 1;
929 }
930
931 close(fd);
932
6dfd46b9
JA
933 os_random_seed(seeds[0], &td->bsrange_state);
934 os_random_seed(seeds[1], &td->verify_state);
935 os_random_seed(seeds[2], &td->rwmix_state);
ebac4655 936
413dd459
JA
937 if (td->file_service_type == FIO_FSERVICE_RANDOM)
938 os_random_seed(seeds[3], &td->next_file_state);
939
940 if (!td_random(td))
ebac4655
JA
941 return 0;
942
9ebc27e1 943 if (td->rand_repeatable)
0aabe160 944 seeds[4] = FIO_RANDSEED * td->thread_number;
ebac4655 945
bb8895e0
JA
946 if (!td->norandommap) {
947 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
a4a81712 948 blocks = (f->real_file_size + td->rw_min_bs - 1) / td->rw_min_bs;
c7c280ed 949 num_maps = (blocks + BLOCKS_PER_MAP-1)/ BLOCKS_PER_MAP;
bb8895e0
JA
950 f->file_map = malloc(num_maps * sizeof(long));
951 f->num_maps = num_maps;
952 memset(f->file_map, 0, num_maps * sizeof(long));
953 }
53cdc686 954 }
ebac4655 955
0aabe160 956 os_random_seed(seeds[4], &td->random_state);
ebac4655
JA
957 return 0;
958}
959
960static void fill_cpu_mask(os_cpu_mask_t cpumask, int cpu)
961{
962#ifdef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
963 unsigned int i;
964
965 CPU_ZERO(&cpumask);
966
967 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(int) * 8; i++) {
968 if ((1 << i) & cpu)
969 CPU_SET(i, &cpumask);
970 }
971#endif
972}
973
ebac4655
JA
974static int is_empty_or_comment(char *line)
975{
976 unsigned int i;
977
978 for (i = 0; i < strlen(line); i++) {
979 if (line[i] == ';')
980 return 1;
5cc2da30
IM
981 if (line[i] == '#')
982 return 1;
ebac4655
JA
983 if (!isspace(line[i]) && !iscntrl(line[i]))
984 return 0;
985 }
986
987 return 1;
988}
989
313cb206
JA
990/*
991 * Check if mmap/mmaphuge has a :/foo/bar/file at the end. If so, return that.
992 */
993static char *get_mmap_file(const char *str)
994{
995 char *p = strstr(str, ":");
996
997 if (!p)
998 return NULL;
999
1000 p++;
1001 strip_blank_front(&p);
1002 strip_blank_end(p);
1003 return strdup(p);
1004}
1005
b4692828 1006static int str_mem_cb(void *data, const char *mem)
ebac4655 1007{
cb2c86fd
JA
1008 struct thread_data *td = data;
1009
b1ec1da6 1010 if (td->mem_type == MEM_MMAPHUGE || td->mem_type == MEM_MMAP) {
313cb206 1011 td->mmapfile = get_mmap_file(mem);
b1ec1da6 1012 if (td->mem_type == MEM_MMAPHUGE && !td->mmapfile) {
d0bdaf49
JA
1013 log_err("fio: mmaphuge:/path/to/file\n");
1014 return 1;
1015 }
ebac4655
JA
1016 }
1017
b1ec1da6 1018 return 0;
ebac4655
JA
1019}
1020
7b395ca5
JB
1021/* External engines are specified by "external:name.o") */
1022static const char *get_engine_name(const char *str)
1023{
1024 char *p = strstr(str, ":");
1025
1026 if (!p)
1027 return str;
1028
1029 p++;
1030 strip_blank_front(&p);
1031 strip_blank_end(p);
1032 return p;
1033}
1034
b4692828 1035static int str_ioengine_cb(void *data, const char *str)
ebac4655 1036{
cb2c86fd 1037 struct thread_data *td = data;
7b395ca5 1038 const char *name = get_engine_name(str);
cb2c86fd 1039
7b395ca5 1040 td->io_ops = load_ioengine(td, name);
2866c82d 1041 if (td->io_ops)
b990b5c0 1042 return 0;
ebac4655 1043
ebac4655
JA
1044 return 1;
1045}
1046
e1f36503
JA
1047static int str_lockmem_cb(void fio_unused *data, unsigned long *val)
1048{
1049 mlock_size = *val;
1050 return 0;
1051}
1052
34cfcdaf 1053#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
e1f36503
JA
1054static int str_prioclass_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1055{
1056 struct thread_data *td = data;
1057
1058 td->ioprio |= *val << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT;
1059 return 0;
1060}
1061
1062static int str_prio_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1063{
1064 struct thread_data *td = data;
1065
1066 td->ioprio |= *val;
1067 return 0;
1068}
34cfcdaf 1069#endif
e1f36503
JA
1070
1071static int str_exitall_cb(void)
1072{
1073 exitall_on_terminate = 1;
1074 return 0;
1075}
1076
1077static int str_cpumask_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1078{
1079 struct thread_data *td = data;
1080
1081 fill_cpu_mask(td->cpumask, *val);
1082 return 0;
1083}
1084
07261983
JA
1085/*
1086 * This is our [ini] type file parser.
1087 */
1e97cce9 1088static int parse_jobs_ini(char *file, int stonewall_flag)
ebac4655 1089{
e1f36503 1090 unsigned int global;
ebac4655 1091 struct thread_data *td;
fee3bb48 1092 char *string, *name;
ebac4655
JA
1093 fpos_t off;
1094 FILE *f;
1095 char *p;
0c7e37a0 1096 int ret = 0, stonewall;
ebac4655
JA
1097
1098 f = fopen(file, "r");
1099 if (!f) {
aea47d44 1100 perror("fopen job file");
ebac4655
JA
1101 return 1;
1102 }
1103
1104 string = malloc(4096);
1105 name = malloc(256);
fee3bb48 1106 memset(name, 0, 256);
ebac4655 1107
0c7e37a0 1108 stonewall = stonewall_flag;
7c124ac1
JA
1109 do {
1110 p = fgets(string, 4095, f);
1111 if (!p)
45410acb 1112 break;
ebac4655
JA
1113 if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1114 continue;
fee3bb48 1115 if (sscanf(p, "[%255s]", name) != 1)
ebac4655
JA
1116 continue;
1117
1118 global = !strncmp(name, "global", 6);
1119
1120 name[strlen(name) - 1] = '\0';
1121
1122 td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread);
45410acb
JA
1123 if (!td) {
1124 ret = 1;
1125 break;
1126 }
ebac4655 1127
972cfd25
JA
1128 /*
1129 * Seperate multiple job files by a stonewall
1130 */
f9481919 1131 if (!global && stonewall) {
972cfd25
JA
1132 td->stonewall = stonewall;
1133 stonewall = 0;
1134 }
1135
ebac4655
JA
1136 fgetpos(f, &off);
1137 while ((p = fgets(string, 4096, f)) != NULL) {
1138 if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1139 continue;
e1f36503 1140
b6754f9d 1141 strip_blank_front(&p);
7c124ac1
JA
1142
1143 if (p[0] == '[')
1144 break;
1145
4ae3f763 1146 strip_blank_end(p);
aea47d44 1147
e1f36503 1148 fgetpos(f, &off);
ebac4655 1149
45410acb
JA
1150 /*
1151 * Don't break here, continue parsing options so we
1152 * dump all the bad ones. Makes trial/error fixups
1153 * easier on the user.
1154 */
7c124ac1 1155 ret |= parse_option(p, options, td);
ebac4655 1156 }
ebac4655 1157
45410acb
JA
1158 if (!ret) {
1159 fsetpos(f, &off);
1160 ret = add_job(td, name, 0);
b1508cf9
JA
1161 } else {
1162 log_err("fio: job %s dropped\n", name);
1163 put_job(td);
45410acb 1164 }
7c124ac1 1165 } while (!ret);
ebac4655
JA
1166
1167 free(string);
1168 free(name);
1169 fclose(f);
45410acb 1170 return ret;
ebac4655
JA
1171}
1172
1173static int fill_def_thread(void)
1174{
1175 memset(&def_thread, 0, sizeof(def_thread));
1176
1177 if (fio_getaffinity(getpid(), &def_thread.cpumask) == -1) {
1178 perror("sched_getaffinity");
1179 return 1;
1180 }
1181
1182 /*
ee738499 1183 * fill default options
ebac4655 1184 */
ee738499
JA
1185 fill_default_options(&def_thread, options);
1186
972cfd25 1187 def_thread.timeout = def_timeout;
ec94ec56
JA
1188 def_thread.write_bw_log = write_bw_log;
1189 def_thread.write_lat_log = write_lat_log;
ee738499 1190
ebac4655
JA
1191#ifdef FIO_HAVE_DISK_UTIL
1192 def_thread.do_disk_util = 1;
1193#endif
1194
1195 return 0;
1196}
1197
0ab8db89 1198static void usage(void)
4785f995
JA
1199{
1200 printf("%s\n", fio_version_string);
b4692828
JA
1201 printf("\t--output\tWrite output to file\n");
1202 printf("\t--timeout\tRuntime in seconds\n");
1203 printf("\t--latency-log\tGenerate per-job latency logs\n");
1204 printf("\t--bandwidth-log\tGenerate per-job bandwidth logs\n");
1205 printf("\t--minimal\tMinimal (terse) output\n");
1206 printf("\t--version\tPrint version info and exit\n");
fd28ca49
JA
1207 printf("\t--help\t\tPrint this page\n");
1208 printf("\t--cmdhelp=cmd\tPrint command help, \"all\" for all of them\n");
4785f995
JA
1209}
1210
972cfd25 1211static int parse_cmd_line(int argc, char *argv[])
ebac4655 1212{
b4692828 1213 struct thread_data *td = NULL;
b1ec1da6 1214 int c, ini_idx = 0, lidx, ret, dont_add_job = 0;
ebac4655 1215
b4692828 1216 while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "", long_options, &lidx)) != -1) {
ebac4655 1217 switch (c) {
b4692828
JA
1218 case 't':
1219 def_timeout = atoi(optarg);
1220 break;
1221 case 'l':
1222 write_lat_log = 1;
1223 break;
1224 case 'w':
1225 write_bw_log = 1;
1226 break;
1227 case 'o':
1228 f_out = fopen(optarg, "w+");
1229 if (!f_out) {
1230 perror("fopen output");
1231 exit(1);
1232 }
1233 f_err = f_out;
1234 break;
1235 case 'm':
1236 terse_output = 1;
1237 break;
1238 case 'h':
1239 usage();
1240 exit(0);
fd28ca49 1241 case 'c':
29fc6afe
JA
1242 ret = show_cmd_help(options, optarg);
1243 exit(ret);
b4692828
JA
1244 case 'v':
1245 printf("%s\n", fio_version_string);
1246 exit(0);
1247 case FIO_GETOPT_JOB: {
1248 const char *opt = long_options[lidx].name;
1249 char *val = optarg;
1250
c2b1e753
JA
1251 if (!strncmp(opt, "name", 4) && td) {
1252 ret = add_job(td, td->name ?: "fio", 0);
1253 if (ret) {
1254 put_job(td);
1255 return 0;
1256 }
1257 td = NULL;
1258 }
b4692828 1259 if (!td) {
38d0adb0 1260 int global = !strncmp(val, "global", 6);
c2b1e753
JA
1261
1262 td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread);
b4692828
JA
1263 if (!td)
1264 return 0;
1265 }
38d0adb0 1266
b1508cf9 1267 ret = parse_cmd_option(opt, val, options, td);
78217dfa 1268 if (ret)
b1ec1da6 1269 dont_add_job = 1;
b4692828
JA
1270 break;
1271 }
1272 default:
b4692828 1273 break;
ebac4655
JA
1274 }
1275 }
c9fad893 1276
b4692828 1277 if (td) {
b1ec1da6 1278 if (dont_add_job)
b4692828 1279 put_job(td);
b1ec1da6
JA
1280 else {
1281 ret = add_job(td, td->name ?: "fio", 0);
1282 if (ret)
1283 put_job(td);
1284 }
972cfd25 1285 }
774a6177 1286
b4692828
JA
1287 while (optind < argc) {
1288 ini_idx++;
1289 ini_file = realloc(ini_file, ini_idx * sizeof(char *));
1290 ini_file[ini_idx - 1] = strdup(argv[optind]);
1291 optind++;
eb8bbf48 1292 }
972cfd25
JA
1293
1294 return ini_idx;
ebac4655
JA
1295}
1296
1297static void free_shm(void)
1298{
1299 struct shmid_ds sbuf;
1300
1301 if (threads) {
2c0ecd28 1302 shmdt((void *) threads);
ebac4655
JA
1303 threads = NULL;
1304 shmctl(shm_id, IPC_RMID, &sbuf);
1305 }
1306}
1307
906c8d75
JA
1308/*
1309 * The thread area is shared between the main process and the job
1310 * threads/processes. So setup a shared memory segment that will hold
1311 * all the job info.
1312 */
ebac4655
JA
1313static int setup_thread_area(void)
1314{
1315 /*
1316 * 1024 is too much on some machines, scale max_jobs if
1317 * we get a failure that looks like too large a shm segment
1318 */
1319 do {
906c8d75 1320 size_t size = max_jobs * sizeof(struct thread_data);
ebac4655 1321
906c8d75 1322 shm_id = shmget(0, size, IPC_CREAT | 0600);
ebac4655
JA
1323 if (shm_id != -1)
1324 break;
1325 if (errno != EINVAL) {
1326 perror("shmget");
1327 break;
1328 }
1329
1330 max_jobs >>= 1;
1331 } while (max_jobs);
1332
1333 if (shm_id == -1)
1334 return 1;
1335
1336 threads = shmat(shm_id, NULL, 0);
1337 if (threads == (void *) -1) {
1338 perror("shmat");
1339 return 1;
1340 }
1341
1342 atexit(free_shm);
1343 return 0;
1344}
1345
b4692828
JA
1346/*
1347 * Copy the fio options into the long options map, so we mirror
1348 * job and cmd line options.
1349 */
1350static void dupe_job_options(void)
1351{
1352 struct fio_option *o;
1353 unsigned int i;
1354
1355 i = 0;
1356 while (long_options[i].name)
1357 i++;
1358
1359 o = &options[0];
1360 while (o->name) {
1361 long_options[i].name = o->name;
1362 long_options[i].val = FIO_GETOPT_JOB;
1363 if (o->type == FIO_OPT_STR_SET)
1364 long_options[i].has_arg = no_argument;
1365 else
1366 long_options[i].has_arg = required_argument;
1367
1368 i++;
1369 o++;
1370 assert(i < FIO_JOB_OPTS + FIO_CMD_OPTS);
1371 }
1372}
1373
ebac4655
JA
1374int parse_options(int argc, char *argv[])
1375{
972cfd25
JA
1376 int job_files, i;
1377
b4692828
JA
1378 f_out = stdout;
1379 f_err = stderr;
1380
13335ddb
JA
1381 options_init(options);
1382
b4692828
JA
1383 dupe_job_options();
1384
ebac4655
JA
1385 if (setup_thread_area())
1386 return 1;
1387 if (fill_def_thread())
1388 return 1;
1389
972cfd25 1390 job_files = parse_cmd_line(argc, argv);
ebac4655 1391
972cfd25
JA
1392 for (i = 0; i < job_files; i++) {
1393 if (fill_def_thread())
1394 return 1;
0c7e37a0 1395 if (parse_jobs_ini(ini_file[i], i))
972cfd25 1396 return 1;
88c6ed80 1397 free(ini_file[i]);
972cfd25 1398 }
ebac4655 1399
88c6ed80 1400 free(ini_file);
b4692828
JA
1401
1402 if (!thread_number) {
1403 log_err("No jobs defined(s)\n");
b4692828
JA
1404 return 1;
1405 }
1406
ebac4655
JA
1407 return 0;
1408}