[PATCH] Shorten 'commitrate' to 'CR'
[fio.git] / init.c
CommitLineData
906c8d75 1/*
cb2c86fd 2 * This file contains job initialization and setup functions.
906c8d75 3 */
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4#include <stdio.h>
5#include <stdlib.h>
6#include <unistd.h>
7#include <fcntl.h>
8#include <ctype.h>
9#include <string.h>
10#include <errno.h>
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11#include <getopt.h>
12#include <assert.h>
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13#include <sys/ipc.h>
14#include <sys/shm.h>
15#include <sys/types.h>
16#include <sys/stat.h>
17
18#include "fio.h"
cb2c86fd 19#include "parse.h"
ebac4655 20
ee738499 21#define FIO_RANDSEED (0xb1899bedUL)
ebac4655 22
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23#define td_var_offset(var) ((size_t) &((struct thread_data *)0)->var)
24
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25static int str_rw_cb(void *, const char *);
26static int str_ioengine_cb(void *, const char *);
27static int str_mem_cb(void *, const char *);
28static int str_verify_cb(void *, const char *);
e1f36503 29static int str_lockmem_cb(void *, unsigned long *);
34cfcdaf 30#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
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31static int str_prio_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
32static int str_prioclass_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
34cfcdaf 33#endif
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34static int str_exitall_cb(void);
35static int str_cpumask_cb(void *, unsigned int *);
36
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37#define __stringify_1(x) #x
38#define __stringify(x) __stringify_1(x)
39
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40/*
41 * Map of job/command line options
42 */
43static struct fio_option options[] = {
44 {
45 .name = "name",
46 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
47 .off1 = td_var_offset(name),
fd28ca49 48 .help = "Name of this job",
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49 },
50 {
51 .name = "directory",
52 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
53 .off1 = td_var_offset(directory),
fd28ca49 54 .help = "Directory to store files in",
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55 },
56 {
57 .name = "filename",
58 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
59 .off1 = td_var_offset(filename),
fd28ca49 60 .help = "Force the use of a specific file",
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61 },
62 {
63 .name = "rw",
64 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
65 .cb = str_rw_cb,
15f7918f 66 .help = "IO direction",
ee738499 67 .def = "read",
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68 .posval = { "read", "write", "randwrite", "randread", "rw",
69 "randrw", },
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70 },
71 {
72 .name = "ioengine",
73 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
74 .cb = str_ioengine_cb,
15f7918f 75 .help = "IO engine to use",
ee738499 76 .def = "sync",
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77 .posval = { "sync", "libaio", "posixaio", "mmap", "splice",
78 "sg", "null", },
e1f36503 79 },
03b74b3e
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80 {
81 .name = "iodepth",
82 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
83 .off1 = td_var_offset(iodepth),
84 .help = "Amount of IO buffers to keep in flight",
85 .def = "1",
86 },
87 {
88 .name = "size",
89 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
90 .off1 = td_var_offset(total_file_size),
91 .help = "Size of device or file",
92 },
93 {
94 .name = "bs",
95 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL_INT,
96 .off1 = td_var_offset(bs[DDIR_READ]),
97 .off2 = td_var_offset(bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
98 .help = "Block size unit",
99 .def = "4k",
100 },
101 {
102 .name = "bsrange",
103 .type = FIO_OPT_RANGE,
104 .off1 = td_var_offset(min_bs[DDIR_READ]),
105 .off2 = td_var_offset(max_bs[DDIR_READ]),
106 .off3 = td_var_offset(min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
107 .off4 = td_var_offset(max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]),
108 .help = "Set block size range (in more detail than bs)",
109 },
110 {
111 .name = "bs_unaligned",
112 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
113 .off1 = td_var_offset(bs_unaligned),
114 .help = "Don't sector align IO buffer sizes",
115 },
116 {
117 .name = "offset",
118 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
119 .off1 = td_var_offset(start_offset),
120 .help = "Start IO from this offset",
121 .def = "0",
122 },
123 {
124 .name = "randrepeat",
125 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
126 .off1 = td_var_offset(rand_repeatable),
127 .help = "Use repeatable random IO pattern",
128 .def = "1",
129 },
130 {
131 .name = "norandommap",
132 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
133 .off1 = td_var_offset(norandommap),
134 .help = "Accept potential duplicate random blocks",
135 },
136 {
137 .name = "nrfiles",
138 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
139 .off1 = td_var_offset(nr_files),
140 .help = "Split job workload between this number of files",
141 .def = "1",
142 },
143 {
144 .name = "fsync",
145 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
146 .off1 = td_var_offset(fsync_blocks),
147 .help = "Issue fsync for writes every given number of blocks",
148 .def = "0",
149 },
150 {
151 .name = "direct",
152 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
153 .off1 = td_var_offset(odirect),
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154 .help = "Use O_DIRECT IO (negates buffered)",
155 .def = "0",
156 },
157 {
158 .name = "buffered",
159 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
160 .off1 = td_var_offset(odirect),
161 .neg = 1,
162 .help = "Use buffered IO (negates direct)",
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163 .def = "1",
164 },
165 {
166 .name = "overwrite",
167 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
168 .off1 = td_var_offset(overwrite),
169 .help = "When writing, set whether to overwrite current data",
170 .def = "0",
171 },
172 {
173 .name = "loops",
174 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
175 .off1 = td_var_offset(loops),
176 .help = "Number of times to run the job",
177 .def = "1",
178 },
179 {
180 .name = "numjobs",
181 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
182 .off1 = td_var_offset(numjobs),
183 .help = "Duplicate this job this many times",
184 .def = "1",
185 },
186 {
187 .name = "startdelay",
188 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
189 .off1 = td_var_offset(start_delay),
190 .help = "Only start job when this period has passed",
191 .def = "0",
192 },
193 {
194 .name = "runtime",
195 .alias = "timeout",
196 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL_TIME,
197 .off1 = td_var_offset(timeout),
198 .help = "Stop workload when this amount of time has passed",
199 .def = "0",
200 },
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201 {
202 .name = "mem",
203 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
204 .cb = str_mem_cb,
15f7918f 205 .help = "Backing type for IO buffers",
ee738499 206 .def = "malloc",
15f7918f 207 .posval = { "malloc", "shm", "shmhuge", "mmap", "mmaphuge", },
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208 },
209 {
210 .name = "verify",
211 .type = FIO_OPT_STR,
212 .cb = str_verify_cb,
15f7918f 213 .help = "Verify sum function",
ee738499 214 .def = "0",
15f7918f 215 .posval = { "crc32", "md5", },
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216 },
217 {
218 .name = "write_iolog",
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219 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
220 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_iolog_file),
fd28ca49 221 .help = "Store IO pattern to file",
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222 },
223 {
076efc7c 224 .name = "read_iolog",
e1f36503 225 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
076efc7c 226 .off1 = td_var_offset(read_iolog_file),
fd28ca49 227 .help = "Playback IO pattern from file",
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228 },
229 {
230 .name = "exec_prerun",
231 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
232 .off1 = td_var_offset(exec_prerun),
fd28ca49 233 .help = "Execute this file prior to running job",
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234 },
235 {
236 .name = "exec_postrun",
237 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
238 .off1 = td_var_offset(exec_postrun),
fd28ca49 239 .help = "Execute this file after running job",
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240 },
241#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOSCHED_SWITCH
242 {
243 .name = "ioscheduler",
244 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_STORE,
245 .off1 = td_var_offset(ioscheduler),
fd28ca49 246 .help = "Use this IO scheduler on the backing device",
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247 },
248#endif
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249 {
250 .name = "zonesize",
251 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
252 .off1 = td_var_offset(zone_size),
fd28ca49 253 .help = "Give size of an IO zone",
ee738499 254 .def = "0",
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255 },
256 {
257 .name = "zoneskip",
258 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
259 .off1 = td_var_offset(zone_skip),
fd28ca49 260 .help = "Space between IO zones",
ee738499 261 .def = "0",
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262 },
263 {
264 .name = "lockmem",
265 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
266 .cb = str_lockmem_cb,
fd28ca49 267 .help = "Lock down this amount of memory",
ee738499 268 .def = "0",
e1f36503 269 },
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270 {
271 .name = "rwmixcycle",
272 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
273 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixcycle),
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274 .help = "Cycle period for mixed read/write workloads (msec)",
275 .def = "500",
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276 },
277 {
278 .name = "rwmixread",
279 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
280 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixread),
ee738499 281 .maxval = 100,
fd28ca49 282 .help = "Percentage of mixed workload that is reads",
ee738499 283 .def = "50",
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284 },
285 {
286 .name = "rwmixwrite",
287 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
288 .off1 = td_var_offset(rwmixwrite),
ee738499 289 .maxval = 100,
fd28ca49 290 .help = "Percentage of mixed workload that is writes",
ee738499 291 .def = "50",
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292 },
293 {
294 .name = "nice",
295 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
296 .off1 = td_var_offset(nice),
fd28ca49 297 .help = "Set job CPU nice value",
15f7918f 298 .minval = -19,
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299 .maxval = 20,
300 .def = "0",
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301 },
302#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
303 {
304 .name = "prio",
305 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
306 .cb = str_prio_cb,
fd28ca49 307 .help = "Set job IO priority value",
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308 .minval = 0,
309 .maxval = 7,
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310 },
311 {
312 .name = "prioclass",
313 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
314 .cb = str_prioclass_cb,
fd28ca49 315 .help = "Set job IO priority class",
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316 .minval = 0,
317 .maxval = 3,
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318 },
319#endif
320 {
321 .name = "thinktime",
322 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 323 .off1 = td_var_offset(thinktime),
5fa0f817 324 .help = "Idle time between IO buffers (usec)",
ee738499 325 .def = "0",
e1f36503 326 },
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327 {
328 .name = "thinktime_blocks",
329 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 330 .off1 = td_var_offset(thinktime_blocks),
fd28ca49 331 .help = "IO buffer period between 'thinktime'",
ee738499 332 .def = "1",
9c1f7434 333 },
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334 {
335 .name = "rate",
336 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 337 .off1 = td_var_offset(rate),
fd28ca49 338 .help = "Set bandwidth rate",
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339 },
340 {
341 .name = "ratemin",
342 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 343 .off1 = td_var_offset(ratemin),
fd28ca49 344 .help = "The bottom limit accepted",
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345 },
346 {
347 .name = "ratecycle",
348 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 349 .off1 = td_var_offset(ratecycle),
6da1fa7f 350 .help = "Window average for rate limits (msec)",
ee738499 351 .def = "1000",
e1f36503 352 },
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353 {
354 .name = "invalidate",
13335ddb 355 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 356 .off1 = td_var_offset(invalidate_cache),
fd28ca49 357 .help = "Invalidate buffer/page cache prior to running job",
ee738499 358 .def = "1",
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359 },
360 {
361 .name = "sync",
13335ddb 362 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 363 .off1 = td_var_offset(sync_io),
fd28ca49 364 .help = "Use O_SYNC for buffered writes",
ee738499 365 .def = "0",
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366 },
367 {
368 .name = "bwavgtime",
369 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 370 .off1 = td_var_offset(bw_avg_time),
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371 .help = "Time window over which to calculate bandwidth (msec)",
372 .def = "500",
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373 },
374 {
375 .name = "create_serialize",
13335ddb 376 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 377 .off1 = td_var_offset(create_serialize),
fd28ca49 378 .help = "Serialize creating of job files",
ee738499 379 .def = "1",
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380 },
381 {
382 .name = "create_fsync",
13335ddb 383 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 384 .off1 = td_var_offset(create_fsync),
fd28ca49 385 .help = "Fsync file after creation",
ee738499 386 .def = "1",
e1f36503 387 },
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388 {
389 .name = "cpuload",
390 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 391 .off1 = td_var_offset(cpuload),
fd28ca49 392 .help = "Use this percentage of CPU",
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393 },
394 {
395 .name = "cpuchunks",
396 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
1304923a 397 .off1 = td_var_offset(cpucycle),
fd28ca49 398 .help = "Length of the CPU burn cycles",
e1f36503 399 },
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400#ifdef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
401 {
402 .name = "cpumask",
403 .type = FIO_OPT_INT,
404 .cb = str_cpumask_cb,
fd28ca49 405 .help = "CPU affinity mask",
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406 },
407#endif
408 {
409 .name = "end_fsync",
13335ddb 410 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
1304923a 411 .off1 = td_var_offset(end_fsync),
fd28ca49 412 .help = "Include fsync at the end of job",
ee738499 413 .def = "0",
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414 },
415 {
416 .name = "unlink",
13335ddb 417 .type = FIO_OPT_BOOL,
e1f36503 418 .off1 = td_var_offset(unlink),
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419 .help = "Unlink created files after job has completed",
420 .def = "1",
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421 },
422 {
423 .name = "exitall",
424 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
425 .cb = str_exitall_cb,
fd28ca49 426 .help = "Terminate all jobs when one exits",
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427 },
428 {
429 .name = "stonewall",
430 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
431 .off1 = td_var_offset(stonewall),
fd28ca49 432 .help = "Insert a hard barrier between this job and previous",
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433 },
434 {
435 .name = "thread",
436 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
d9bb3b80 437 .off1 = td_var_offset(use_thread),
fd28ca49 438 .help = "Use threads instead of forks",
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439 },
440 {
441 .name = "write_bw_log",
442 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
443 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_bw_log),
fd28ca49 444 .help = "Write log of bandwidth during run",
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445 },
446 {
447 .name = "write_lat_log",
448 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_SET,
449 .off1 = td_var_offset(write_lat_log),
fd28ca49 450 .help = "Write log of latency during run",
e1f36503 451 },
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452 {
453 .name = "hugepage-size",
454 .type = FIO_OPT_STR_VAL,
455 .off1 = td_var_offset(hugepage_size),
fd28ca49 456 .help = "When using hugepages, specify size of each page",
ee738499 457 .def = __stringify(FIO_HUGE_PAGE),
56bb17f2 458 },
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459 {
460 .name = NULL,
461 },
462};
463
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464#define FIO_JOB_OPTS (sizeof(options) / sizeof(struct fio_option))
465#define FIO_CMD_OPTS (16)
466#define FIO_GETOPT_JOB (0x89988998)
467
468/*
469 * Command line options. These will contain the above, plus a few
470 * extra that only pertain to fio itself and not jobs.
471 */
472static struct option long_options[FIO_JOB_OPTS + FIO_CMD_OPTS] = {
473 {
474 .name = "output",
475 .has_arg = required_argument,
476 .val = 'o',
477 },
478 {
479 .name = "timeout",
480 .has_arg = required_argument,
481 .val = 't',
482 },
483 {
484 .name = "latency-log",
485 .has_arg = required_argument,
486 .val = 'l',
487 },
488 {
489 .name = "bandwidth-log",
490 .has_arg = required_argument,
491 .val = 'b',
492 },
493 {
494 .name = "minimal",
495 .has_arg = optional_argument,
496 .val = 'm',
497 },
498 {
499 .name = "version",
500 .has_arg = no_argument,
501 .val = 'v',
502 },
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503 {
504 .name = "help",
505 .has_arg = no_argument,
506 .val = 'h',
507 },
508 {
509 .name = "cmdhelp",
510 .has_arg = required_argument,
511 .val = 'c',
512 },
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513 {
514 .name = NULL,
515 },
516};
517
ee738499 518static int def_timeout = 0;
972cfd25 519
5cd033bb 520static char fio_version_string[] = "fio 1.11";
ebac4655 521
972cfd25 522static char **ini_file;
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523static int max_jobs = MAX_JOBS;
524
525struct thread_data def_thread;
526struct thread_data *threads = NULL;
527
ebac4655 528int exitall_on_terminate = 0;
c6ae0a5b 529int terse_output = 0;
c04f7ec3 530unsigned long long mlock_size = 0;
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531FILE *f_out = NULL;
532FILE *f_err = NULL;
ebac4655 533
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534static int write_lat_log = 0;
535static int write_bw_log = 0;
ec94ec56 536
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537/*
538 * Return a free job structure.
539 */
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540static struct thread_data *get_new_job(int global, struct thread_data *parent)
541{
542 struct thread_data *td;
543
544 if (global)
545 return &def_thread;
546 if (thread_number >= max_jobs)
547 return NULL;
548
549 td = &threads[thread_number++];
ddaeaa5a 550 *td = *parent;
ebac4655 551
ebac4655 552 td->thread_number = thread_number;
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553 return td;
554}
555
556static void put_job(struct thread_data *td)
557{
549577a7
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558 if (td == &def_thread)
559 return;
560
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561 memset(&threads[td->thread_number - 1], 0, sizeof(*td));
562 thread_number--;
563}
564
dad915e3
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565/*
566 * Lazy way of fixing up options that depend on each other. We could also
567 * define option callback handlers, but this is easier.
568 */
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569static void fixup_options(struct thread_data *td)
570{
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571 if (!td->rwmixread && td->rwmixwrite)
572 td->rwmixread = 100 - td->rwmixwrite;
dad915e3 573
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574 if (td->write_iolog_file && td->read_iolog_file) {
575 log_err("fio: read iolog overrides write_iolog\n");
576 free(td->write_iolog_file);
577 td->write_iolog_file = NULL;
578 }
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579
580 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_SYNCIO)
581 td->iodepth = 1;
582 else {
583 if (!td->iodepth)
584 td->iodepth = td->nr_files;
585 }
586
587 /*
588 * only really works for sequential io for now, and with 1 file
589 */
590 if (td->zone_size && !td->sequential && td->nr_files == 1)
591 td->zone_size = 0;
592
593 /*
594 * Reads can do overwrites, we always need to pre-create the file
595 */
596 if (td_read(td) || td_rw(td))
597 td->overwrite = 1;
598
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599 if (!td->min_bs[DDIR_READ])
600 td->min_bs[DDIR_READ]= td->bs[DDIR_READ];
601 if (!td->max_bs[DDIR_READ])
602 td->max_bs[DDIR_READ] = td->bs[DDIR_READ];
603 if (!td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
75e6f36f 604 td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]= td->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
a00735e6 605 if (!td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE])
75e6f36f 606 td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE] = td->bs[DDIR_WRITE];
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607
608 td->rw_min_bs = min(td->min_bs[DDIR_READ], td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
609
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610 if (td_read(td) && !td_rw(td))
611 td->verify = 0;
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612
613 if (td->norandommap && td->verify != VERIFY_NONE) {
614 log_err("fio: norandommap given, verify disabled\n");
615 td->verify = VERIFY_NONE;
616 }
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617 if (td->bs_unaligned && (td->odirect || td->io_ops->flags & FIO_RAWIO))
618 log_err("fio: bs_unaligned may not work with raw io\n");
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619
620 /*
621 * O_DIRECT and char doesn't mix, clear that flag if necessary.
622 */
623 if (td->filetype == FIO_TYPE_CHAR && td->odirect)
624 td->odirect = 0;
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625}
626
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627/*
628 * This function leaks the buffer
629 */
630static char *to_kmg(unsigned int val)
631{
632 char *buf = malloc(32);
245142ff 633 char post[] = { 0, 'K', 'M', 'G', 'P', 0 };
f8977ee6
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634 char *p = post;
635
245142ff 636 do {
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637 if (val & 1023)
638 break;
639
640 val >>= 10;
641 p++;
245142ff 642 } while (*p);
f8977ee6
JA
643
644 snprintf(buf, 31, "%u%c", val, *p);
645 return buf;
646}
647
906c8d75
JA
648/*
649 * Adds a job to the list of things todo. Sanitizes the various options
650 * to make sure we don't have conflicts, and initializes various
651 * members of td.
652 */
75154845 653static int add_job(struct thread_data *td, const char *jobname, int job_add_num)
ebac4655 654{
3c9b60c1
JA
655 const char *ddir_str[] = { "read", "write", "randread", "randwrite",
656 "rw", NULL, "randrw" };
ebac4655 657 struct stat sb;
53cdc686
JA
658 int numjobs, ddir, i;
659 struct fio_file *f;
ebac4655 660
ebac4655
JA
661 /*
662 * the def_thread is just for options, it's not a real job
663 */
664 if (td == &def_thread)
665 return 0;
666
ee738499 667 assert(td->io_ops);
df64119d 668
690adba3
JA
669 if (td->odirect)
670 td->io_ops->flags |= FIO_RAWIO;
671
ebac4655 672 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_FILE;
0af7b542
JA
673 if (!stat(jobname, &sb)) {
674 if (S_ISBLK(sb.st_mode))
675 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_BD;
676 else if (S_ISCHR(sb.st_mode))
677 td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_CHAR;
678 }
ebac4655 679
e0a22335
JA
680 fixup_options(td);
681
13f8e2d2
JA
682 if (td->filename)
683 td->nr_uniq_files = 1;
684 else
685 td->nr_uniq_files = td->nr_files;
686
687 if (td->filetype == FIO_TYPE_FILE || td->filename) {
e9c047a0 688 char tmp[PATH_MAX];
53cdc686 689 int len = 0;
e9c047a0 690
ef899b63 691 if (td->directory && td->directory[0] != '\0')
8aeebd55 692 len = sprintf(tmp, "%s/", td->directory);
ebac4655 693
53cdc686
JA
694 td->files = malloc(sizeof(struct fio_file) * td->nr_files);
695
696 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
697 memset(f, 0, sizeof(*f));
698 f->fd = -1;
699
13f8e2d2
JA
700 if (td->filename)
701 sprintf(tmp + len, "%s", td->filename);
702 else
703 sprintf(tmp + len, "%s.%d.%d", jobname, td->thread_number, i);
53cdc686
JA
704 f->file_name = strdup(tmp);
705 }
706 } else {
707 td->nr_files = 1;
708 td->files = malloc(sizeof(struct fio_file));
709 f = &td->files[0];
710
711 memset(f, 0, sizeof(*f));
712 f->fd = -1;
713 f->file_name = strdup(jobname);
714 }
715
716 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
717 f->file_size = td->total_file_size / td->nr_files;
718 f->file_offset = td->start_offset;
719 }
720
bbfd6b00 721 fio_sem_init(&td->mutex, 0);
ebac4655
JA
722
723 td->clat_stat[0].min_val = td->clat_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
724 td->slat_stat[0].min_val = td->slat_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
725 td->bw_stat[0].min_val = td->bw_stat[1].min_val = ULONG_MAX;
726
ebac4655
JA
727 if (td->stonewall && td->thread_number > 1)
728 groupid++;
729
730 td->groupid = groupid;
731
732 if (setup_rate(td))
733 goto err;
734
ec94ec56 735 if (td->write_lat_log) {
ebac4655
JA
736 setup_log(&td->slat_log);
737 setup_log(&td->clat_log);
738 }
ec94ec56 739 if (td->write_bw_log)
ebac4655
JA
740 setup_log(&td->bw_log);
741
b4692828
JA
742 if (!td->name)
743 td->name = strdup(jobname);
01452055 744
3d60d1ed 745 ddir = td->ddir + (!td->sequential << 1) + (td->iomix << 2);
75154845 746
c6ae0a5b 747 if (!terse_output) {
b990b5c0 748 if (!job_add_num) {
2866c82d 749 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_CPUIO)
b990b5c0 750 fprintf(f_out, "%s: ioengine=cpu, cpuload=%u, cpucycle=%u\n", td->name, td->cpuload, td->cpucycle);
f8977ee6
JA
751 else {
752 char *c1, *c2, *c3, *c4;
753
754 c1 = to_kmg(td->min_bs[DDIR_READ]);
755 c2 = to_kmg(td->max_bs[DDIR_READ]);
756 c3 = to_kmg(td->min_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
757 c4 = to_kmg(td->max_bs[DDIR_WRITE]);
758
d56cbab0 759 fprintf(f_out, "%s: (g=%d): rw=%s, bs=%s-%s/%s-%s, ioengine=%s, iodepth=%u\n", td->name, td->groupid, ddir_str[ddir], c1, c2, c3, c4, td->io_ops->name, td->iodepth);
f8977ee6
JA
760
761 free(c1);
762 free(c2);
763 free(c3);
764 free(c4);
765 }
b990b5c0 766 } else if (job_add_num == 1)
c6ae0a5b
JA
767 fprintf(f_out, "...\n");
768 }
ebac4655
JA
769
770 /*
771 * recurse add identical jobs, clear numjobs and stonewall options
772 * as they don't apply to sub-jobs
773 */
774 numjobs = td->numjobs;
775 while (--numjobs) {
776 struct thread_data *td_new = get_new_job(0, td);
777
778 if (!td_new)
779 goto err;
780
781 td_new->numjobs = 1;
782 td_new->stonewall = 0;
75154845 783 job_add_num = numjobs - 1;
ebac4655 784
75154845 785 if (add_job(td_new, jobname, job_add_num))
ebac4655
JA
786 goto err;
787 }
788 return 0;
789err:
790 put_job(td);
791 return -1;
792}
793
906c8d75
JA
794/*
795 * Initialize the various random states we need (random io, block size ranges,
796 * read/write mix, etc).
797 */
ebac4655
JA
798int init_random_state(struct thread_data *td)
799{
a6ccc7be 800 unsigned long seeds[4];
53cdc686 801 int fd, num_maps, blocks, i;
0ab8db89 802 struct fio_file *f;
ebac4655 803
f48b467c
JA
804 if (td->io_ops->flags & FIO_CPUIO)
805 return 0;
806
1ac267bb 807 fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
ebac4655
JA
808 if (fd == -1) {
809 td_verror(td, errno);
810 return 1;
811 }
812
a6ccc7be 813 if (read(fd, seeds, sizeof(seeds)) < (int) sizeof(seeds)) {
ebac4655
JA
814 td_verror(td, EIO);
815 close(fd);
816 return 1;
817 }
818
819 close(fd);
820
6dfd46b9
JA
821 os_random_seed(seeds[0], &td->bsrange_state);
822 os_random_seed(seeds[1], &td->verify_state);
823 os_random_seed(seeds[2], &td->rwmix_state);
ebac4655
JA
824
825 if (td->sequential)
826 return 0;
827
9ebc27e1 828 if (td->rand_repeatable)
ee738499 829 seeds[3] = FIO_RANDSEED;
ebac4655 830
bb8895e0
JA
831 if (!td->norandommap) {
832 for_each_file(td, f, i) {
a00735e6 833 blocks = (f->file_size + td->rw_min_bs - 1) / td->rw_min_bs;
c7c280ed 834 num_maps = (blocks + BLOCKS_PER_MAP-1)/ BLOCKS_PER_MAP;
bb8895e0
JA
835 f->file_map = malloc(num_maps * sizeof(long));
836 f->num_maps = num_maps;
837 memset(f->file_map, 0, num_maps * sizeof(long));
838 }
53cdc686 839 }
ebac4655 840
6dfd46b9 841 os_random_seed(seeds[3], &td->random_state);
ebac4655
JA
842 return 0;
843}
844
845static void fill_cpu_mask(os_cpu_mask_t cpumask, int cpu)
846{
847#ifdef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
848 unsigned int i;
849
850 CPU_ZERO(&cpumask);
851
852 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(int) * 8; i++) {
853 if ((1 << i) & cpu)
854 CPU_SET(i, &cpumask);
855 }
856#endif
857}
858
ebac4655
JA
859static int is_empty_or_comment(char *line)
860{
861 unsigned int i;
862
863 for (i = 0; i < strlen(line); i++) {
864 if (line[i] == ';')
865 return 1;
866 if (!isspace(line[i]) && !iscntrl(line[i]))
867 return 0;
868 }
869
870 return 1;
871}
872
b4692828 873static int str_rw_cb(void *data, const char *mem)
ebac4655 874{
cb2c86fd
JA
875 struct thread_data *td = data;
876
ebac4655
JA
877 if (!strncmp(mem, "read", 4) || !strncmp(mem, "0", 1)) {
878 td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
879 td->sequential = 1;
880 return 0;
881 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "randread", 8)) {
882 td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
883 td->sequential = 0;
884 return 0;
885 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "write", 5) || !strncmp(mem, "1", 1)) {
886 td->ddir = DDIR_WRITE;
887 td->sequential = 1;
888 return 0;
889 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "randwrite", 9)) {
890 td->ddir = DDIR_WRITE;
891 td->sequential = 0;
892 return 0;
3d60d1ed 893 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "rw", 2)) {
1e97cce9 894 td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
3d60d1ed
JA
895 td->iomix = 1;
896 td->sequential = 1;
897 return 0;
898 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "randrw", 6)) {
1e97cce9 899 td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
3d60d1ed
JA
900 td->iomix = 1;
901 td->sequential = 0;
902 return 0;
ebac4655
JA
903 }
904
3b70d7e5 905 log_err("fio: data direction: read, write, randread, randwrite, rw, randrw\n");
ebac4655
JA
906 return 1;
907}
908
b4692828 909static int str_verify_cb(void *data, const char *mem)
ebac4655 910{
cb2c86fd
JA
911 struct thread_data *td = data;
912
ebac4655
JA
913 if (!strncmp(mem, "0", 1)) {
914 td->verify = VERIFY_NONE;
915 return 0;
916 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "md5", 3) || !strncmp(mem, "1", 1)) {
917 td->verify = VERIFY_MD5;
918 return 0;
919 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "crc32", 5)) {
920 td->verify = VERIFY_CRC32;
921 return 0;
922 }
923
3b70d7e5 924 log_err("fio: verify types: md5, crc32\n");
ebac4655
JA
925 return 1;
926}
927
313cb206
JA
928/*
929 * Check if mmap/mmaphuge has a :/foo/bar/file at the end. If so, return that.
930 */
931static char *get_mmap_file(const char *str)
932{
933 char *p = strstr(str, ":");
934
935 if (!p)
936 return NULL;
937
938 p++;
939 strip_blank_front(&p);
940 strip_blank_end(p);
941 return strdup(p);
942}
943
b4692828 944static int str_mem_cb(void *data, const char *mem)
ebac4655 945{
cb2c86fd
JA
946 struct thread_data *td = data;
947
ebac4655
JA
948 if (!strncmp(mem, "malloc", 6)) {
949 td->mem_type = MEM_MALLOC;
950 return 0;
d0bdaf49
JA
951 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "mmaphuge", 8)) {
952#ifdef FIO_HAVE_HUGETLB
d0bdaf49
JA
953 /*
954 * mmaphuge must be appended with the actual file
955 */
313cb206
JA
956 td->mmapfile = get_mmap_file(mem);
957 if (!td->mmapfile) {
d0bdaf49
JA
958 log_err("fio: mmaphuge:/path/to/file\n");
959 return 1;
960 }
961
d0bdaf49
JA
962 td->mem_type = MEM_MMAPHUGE;
963 return 0;
964#else
965 log_err("fio: mmaphuge not available\n");
966 return 1;
967#endif
ebac4655 968 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "mmap", 4)) {
313cb206
JA
969 /*
970 * Check if the user wants file backed memory. It's ok
971 * if there's no file given, we'll just use anon mamp then.
972 */
973 td->mmapfile = get_mmap_file(mem);
ebac4655
JA
974 td->mem_type = MEM_MMAP;
975 return 0;
74b025b0
JA
976 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "shmhuge", 7)) {
977#ifdef FIO_HAVE_HUGETLB
978 td->mem_type = MEM_SHMHUGE;
979 return 0;
980#else
981 log_err("fio: shmhuge not available\n");
982 return 1;
983#endif
0268b8ba
JA
984 } else if (!strncmp(mem, "shm", 3)) {
985 td->mem_type = MEM_SHM;
986 return 0;
ebac4655
JA
987 }
988
d0bdaf49 989 log_err("fio: mem type: malloc, shm, shmhuge, mmap, mmaphuge\n");
ebac4655
JA
990 return 1;
991}
992
b4692828 993static int str_ioengine_cb(void *data, const char *str)
ebac4655 994{
cb2c86fd
JA
995 struct thread_data *td = data;
996
2866c82d
JA
997 td->io_ops = load_ioengine(td, str);
998 if (td->io_ops)
b990b5c0 999 return 0;
ebac4655 1000
08aae9a0 1001 log_err("fio: ioengine= libaio, posixaio, sync, mmap, sgio, splice, cpu, null\n");
5f350952 1002 log_err("fio: or specify path to dynamic ioengine module\n");
ebac4655
JA
1003 return 1;
1004}
1005
e1f36503
JA
1006static int str_lockmem_cb(void fio_unused *data, unsigned long *val)
1007{
1008 mlock_size = *val;
1009 return 0;
1010}
1011
34cfcdaf 1012#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
e1f36503
JA
1013static int str_prioclass_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1014{
1015 struct thread_data *td = data;
1016
1017 td->ioprio |= *val << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT;
1018 return 0;
1019}
1020
1021static int str_prio_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1022{
1023 struct thread_data *td = data;
1024
1025 td->ioprio |= *val;
1026 return 0;
1027}
34cfcdaf 1028#endif
e1f36503
JA
1029
1030static int str_exitall_cb(void)
1031{
1032 exitall_on_terminate = 1;
1033 return 0;
1034}
1035
1036static int str_cpumask_cb(void *data, unsigned int *val)
1037{
1038 struct thread_data *td = data;
1039
1040 fill_cpu_mask(td->cpumask, *val);
1041 return 0;
1042}
1043
07261983
JA
1044/*
1045 * This is our [ini] type file parser.
1046 */
1e97cce9 1047static int parse_jobs_ini(char *file, int stonewall_flag)
ebac4655 1048{
e1f36503 1049 unsigned int global;
ebac4655 1050 struct thread_data *td;
fee3bb48 1051 char *string, *name;
ebac4655
JA
1052 fpos_t off;
1053 FILE *f;
1054 char *p;
0c7e37a0 1055 int ret = 0, stonewall;
ebac4655
JA
1056
1057 f = fopen(file, "r");
1058 if (!f) {
aea47d44 1059 perror("fopen job file");
ebac4655
JA
1060 return 1;
1061 }
1062
1063 string = malloc(4096);
1064 name = malloc(256);
fee3bb48 1065 memset(name, 0, 256);
ebac4655 1066
0c7e37a0 1067 stonewall = stonewall_flag;
7c124ac1
JA
1068 do {
1069 p = fgets(string, 4095, f);
1070 if (!p)
45410acb 1071 break;
ebac4655
JA
1072 if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1073 continue;
fee3bb48 1074 if (sscanf(p, "[%255s]", name) != 1)
ebac4655
JA
1075 continue;
1076
1077 global = !strncmp(name, "global", 6);
1078
1079 name[strlen(name) - 1] = '\0';
1080
1081 td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread);
45410acb
JA
1082 if (!td) {
1083 ret = 1;
1084 break;
1085 }
ebac4655 1086
972cfd25
JA
1087 /*
1088 * Seperate multiple job files by a stonewall
1089 */
f9481919 1090 if (!global && stonewall) {
972cfd25
JA
1091 td->stonewall = stonewall;
1092 stonewall = 0;
1093 }
1094
ebac4655
JA
1095 fgetpos(f, &off);
1096 while ((p = fgets(string, 4096, f)) != NULL) {
1097 if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
1098 continue;
e1f36503 1099
b6754f9d 1100 strip_blank_front(&p);
7c124ac1
JA
1101
1102 if (p[0] == '[')
1103 break;
1104
4ae3f763 1105 strip_blank_end(p);
aea47d44 1106
e1f36503 1107 fgetpos(f, &off);
ebac4655 1108
45410acb
JA
1109 /*
1110 * Don't break here, continue parsing options so we
1111 * dump all the bad ones. Makes trial/error fixups
1112 * easier on the user.
1113 */
7c124ac1 1114 ret |= parse_option(p, options, td);
ebac4655 1115 }
ebac4655 1116
45410acb
JA
1117 if (!ret) {
1118 fsetpos(f, &off);
1119 ret = add_job(td, name, 0);
b1508cf9
JA
1120 } else {
1121 log_err("fio: job %s dropped\n", name);
1122 put_job(td);
45410acb 1123 }
7c124ac1 1124 } while (!ret);
ebac4655
JA
1125
1126 free(string);
1127 free(name);
1128 fclose(f);
45410acb 1129 return ret;
ebac4655
JA
1130}
1131
1132static int fill_def_thread(void)
1133{
1134 memset(&def_thread, 0, sizeof(def_thread));
1135
1136 if (fio_getaffinity(getpid(), &def_thread.cpumask) == -1) {
1137 perror("sched_getaffinity");
1138 return 1;
1139 }
1140
1141 /*
ee738499 1142 * fill default options
ebac4655 1143 */
ee738499
JA
1144 fill_default_options(&def_thread, options);
1145
972cfd25 1146 def_thread.timeout = def_timeout;
ec94ec56
JA
1147 def_thread.write_bw_log = write_bw_log;
1148 def_thread.write_lat_log = write_lat_log;
ee738499 1149
ebac4655
JA
1150#ifdef FIO_HAVE_DISK_UTIL
1151 def_thread.do_disk_util = 1;
1152#endif
1153
1154 return 0;
1155}
1156
0ab8db89 1157static void usage(void)
4785f995
JA
1158{
1159 printf("%s\n", fio_version_string);
b4692828
JA
1160 printf("\t--output\tWrite output to file\n");
1161 printf("\t--timeout\tRuntime in seconds\n");
1162 printf("\t--latency-log\tGenerate per-job latency logs\n");
1163 printf("\t--bandwidth-log\tGenerate per-job bandwidth logs\n");
1164 printf("\t--minimal\tMinimal (terse) output\n");
1165 printf("\t--version\tPrint version info and exit\n");
fd28ca49
JA
1166 printf("\t--help\t\tPrint this page\n");
1167 printf("\t--cmdhelp=cmd\tPrint command help, \"all\" for all of them\n");
4785f995
JA
1168}
1169
972cfd25 1170static int parse_cmd_line(int argc, char *argv[])
ebac4655 1171{
b4692828 1172 struct thread_data *td = NULL;
c2b1e753 1173 int c, ini_idx = 0, lidx, ret;
ebac4655 1174
b4692828 1175 while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "", long_options, &lidx)) != -1) {
ebac4655 1176 switch (c) {
b4692828
JA
1177 case 't':
1178 def_timeout = atoi(optarg);
1179 break;
1180 case 'l':
1181 write_lat_log = 1;
1182 break;
1183 case 'w':
1184 write_bw_log = 1;
1185 break;
1186 case 'o':
1187 f_out = fopen(optarg, "w+");
1188 if (!f_out) {
1189 perror("fopen output");
1190 exit(1);
1191 }
1192 f_err = f_out;
1193 break;
1194 case 'm':
1195 terse_output = 1;
1196 break;
1197 case 'h':
1198 usage();
1199 exit(0);
fd28ca49 1200 case 'c':
29fc6afe
JA
1201 ret = show_cmd_help(options, optarg);
1202 exit(ret);
b4692828
JA
1203 case 'v':
1204 printf("%s\n", fio_version_string);
1205 exit(0);
1206 case FIO_GETOPT_JOB: {
1207 const char *opt = long_options[lidx].name;
1208 char *val = optarg;
1209
c2b1e753
JA
1210 if (!strncmp(opt, "name", 4) && td) {
1211 ret = add_job(td, td->name ?: "fio", 0);
1212 if (ret) {
1213 put_job(td);
1214 return 0;
1215 }
1216 td = NULL;
1217 }
b4692828 1218 if (!td) {
38d0adb0 1219 int global = !strncmp(val, "global", 6);
c2b1e753
JA
1220
1221 td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread);
b4692828
JA
1222 if (!td)
1223 return 0;
1224 }
38d0adb0 1225
b1508cf9
JA
1226 ret = parse_cmd_option(opt, val, options, td);
1227 if (ret) {
1228 log_err("fio: job dropped\n");
1229 put_job(td);
1230 td = NULL;
1231 }
b4692828
JA
1232 break;
1233 }
1234 default:
b4692828 1235 break;
ebac4655
JA
1236 }
1237 }
c9fad893 1238
b4692828 1239 if (td) {
c2b1e753 1240 ret = add_job(td, td->name ?: "fio", 0);
b4692828
JA
1241 if (ret)
1242 put_job(td);
972cfd25 1243 }
774a6177 1244
b4692828
JA
1245 while (optind < argc) {
1246 ini_idx++;
1247 ini_file = realloc(ini_file, ini_idx * sizeof(char *));
1248 ini_file[ini_idx - 1] = strdup(argv[optind]);
1249 optind++;
eb8bbf48 1250 }
972cfd25
JA
1251
1252 return ini_idx;
ebac4655
JA
1253}
1254
1255static void free_shm(void)
1256{
1257 struct shmid_ds sbuf;
1258
1259 if (threads) {
2c0ecd28 1260 shmdt((void *) threads);
ebac4655
JA
1261 threads = NULL;
1262 shmctl(shm_id, IPC_RMID, &sbuf);
1263 }
1264}
1265
906c8d75
JA
1266/*
1267 * The thread area is shared between the main process and the job
1268 * threads/processes. So setup a shared memory segment that will hold
1269 * all the job info.
1270 */
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1271static int setup_thread_area(void)
1272{
1273 /*
1274 * 1024 is too much on some machines, scale max_jobs if
1275 * we get a failure that looks like too large a shm segment
1276 */
1277 do {
906c8d75 1278 size_t size = max_jobs * sizeof(struct thread_data);
ebac4655 1279
906c8d75 1280 shm_id = shmget(0, size, IPC_CREAT | 0600);
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1281 if (shm_id != -1)
1282 break;
1283 if (errno != EINVAL) {
1284 perror("shmget");
1285 break;
1286 }
1287
1288 max_jobs >>= 1;
1289 } while (max_jobs);
1290
1291 if (shm_id == -1)
1292 return 1;
1293
1294 threads = shmat(shm_id, NULL, 0);
1295 if (threads == (void *) -1) {
1296 perror("shmat");
1297 return 1;
1298 }
1299
1300 atexit(free_shm);
1301 return 0;
1302}
1303
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1304/*
1305 * Copy the fio options into the long options map, so we mirror
1306 * job and cmd line options.
1307 */
1308static void dupe_job_options(void)
1309{
1310 struct fio_option *o;
1311 unsigned int i;
1312
1313 i = 0;
1314 while (long_options[i].name)
1315 i++;
1316
1317 o = &options[0];
1318 while (o->name) {
1319 long_options[i].name = o->name;
1320 long_options[i].val = FIO_GETOPT_JOB;
1321 if (o->type == FIO_OPT_STR_SET)
1322 long_options[i].has_arg = no_argument;
1323 else
1324 long_options[i].has_arg = required_argument;
1325
1326 i++;
1327 o++;
1328 assert(i < FIO_JOB_OPTS + FIO_CMD_OPTS);
1329 }
1330}
1331
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1332int parse_options(int argc, char *argv[])
1333{
972cfd25
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1334 int job_files, i;
1335
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1336 f_out = stdout;
1337 f_err = stderr;
1338
13335ddb
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1339 options_init(options);
1340
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1341 dupe_job_options();
1342
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1343 if (setup_thread_area())
1344 return 1;
1345 if (fill_def_thread())
1346 return 1;
1347
972cfd25 1348 job_files = parse_cmd_line(argc, argv);
ebac4655 1349
972cfd25
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1350 for (i = 0; i < job_files; i++) {
1351 if (fill_def_thread())
1352 return 1;
0c7e37a0 1353 if (parse_jobs_ini(ini_file[i], i))
972cfd25 1354 return 1;
88c6ed80 1355 free(ini_file[i]);
972cfd25 1356 }
ebac4655 1357
88c6ed80 1358 free(ini_file);
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1359
1360 if (!thread_number) {
1361 log_err("No jobs defined(s)\n");
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1362 return 1;
1363 }
1364
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1365 return 0;
1366}