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path: root/fio-ini.c
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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/ipc.h>
#include <sys/shm.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include "fio.h"

#define DEF_BS		(4096)
#define DEF_TIMEOUT	(0)
#define DEF_RATE_CYCLE	(1000)
#define DEF_ODIRECT	(1)
#define DEF_IO_ENGINE	(FIO_SYNCIO)
#define DEF_IO_ENGINE_NAME	"sync"
#define DEF_SEQUENTIAL	(1)
#define DEF_RAND_REPEAT	(1)
#define DEF_OVERWRITE	(1)
#define DEF_CREATE	(1)
#define DEF_INVALIDATE	(1)
#define DEF_SYNCIO	(0)
#define DEF_RANDSEED	(0xb1899bedUL)
#define DEF_BWAVGTIME	(500)
#define DEF_CREATE_SER	(1)
#define DEF_CREATE_FSYNC	(1)
#define DEF_LOOPS	(1)
#define DEF_VERIFY	(0)
#define DEF_STONEWALL	(0)
#define DEF_NUMJOBS	(1)
#define DEF_USE_THREAD	(0)
#define DEF_FILE_SIZE	(1024 * 1024 * 1024UL)

static int repeatable = DEF_RAND_REPEAT;
static char *ini_file;
static int max_jobs = MAX_JOBS;

struct thread_data def_thread;
struct thread_data *threads = NULL;

int rate_quit = 0;
int write_lat_log = 0;
int write_bw_log = 0;
int exitall_on_terminate = 0;

static int setup_rate(struct thread_data *td)
{
	int nr_reads_per_sec;

	if (!td->rate)
		return 0;

	if (td->rate < td->ratemin) {
		fprintf(stderr, "min rate larger than nominal rate\n");
		return -1;
	}

	nr_reads_per_sec = (td->rate * 1024) / td->min_bs;
	td->rate_usec_cycle = 1000000 / nr_reads_per_sec;
	td->rate_pending_usleep = 0;
	return 0;
}

static void setup_log(struct io_log **log)
{
	struct io_log *l = malloc(sizeof(*l));

	l->nr_samples = 0;
	l->max_samples = 1024;
	l->log = malloc(l->max_samples * sizeof(struct io_sample));
	*log = l;
}

void finish_log(struct thread_data *td, struct io_log *log, const char *name)
{
	char file_name[128];
	FILE *f;
	unsigned int i;

	sprintf(file_name, "client%d_%s.log", td->thread_number, name);
	f = fopen(file_name, "w");
	if (!f) {
		perror("fopen log");
		return;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < log->nr_samples; i++)
		fprintf(f, "%lu, %lu\n", log->log[i].time, log->log[i].val);

	fclose(f);
	free(log->log);
	free(log);
}

static struct thread_data *get_new_job(int global, struct thread_data *parent)
{
	struct thread_data *td;

	if (global)
		return &def_thread;
	if (thread_number >= max_jobs)
		return NULL;

	td = &threads[thread_number++];
	memset(td, 0, sizeof(*td));

	td->fd = -1;
	td->thread_number = thread_number;

	td->ddir = parent->ddir;
	td->ioprio = parent->ioprio;
	td->sequential = parent->sequential;
	td->bs = parent->bs;
	td->min_bs = parent->min_bs;
	td->max_bs = parent->max_bs;
	td->odirect = parent->odirect;
	td->thinktime = parent->thinktime;
	td->fsync_blocks = parent->fsync_blocks;
	td->start_delay = parent->start_delay;
	td->timeout = parent->timeout;
	td->io_engine = parent->io_engine;
	td->create_file = parent->create_file;
	td->overwrite = parent->overwrite;
	td->invalidate_cache = parent->invalidate_cache;
	td->file_size = parent->file_size;
	td->file_offset = parent->file_offset;
	td->rate = parent->rate;
	td->ratemin = parent->ratemin;
	td->ratecycle = parent->ratecycle;
	td->iodepth = parent->iodepth;
	td->sync_io = parent->sync_io;
	td->mem_type = parent->mem_type;
	td->bw_avg_time = parent->bw_avg_time;
	td->create_serialize = parent->create_serialize;
	td->create_fsync = parent->create_fsync;
	td->loops = parent->loops;
	td->verify = parent->verify;
	td->stonewall = parent->stonewall;
	td->numjobs = parent->numjobs;
	td->use_thread = parent->use_thread;
	memcpy(&td->cpumask, &parent->cpumask, sizeof(td->cpumask));
	strcpy(td->io_engine_name, parent->io_engine_name);

	return td;
}

static void put_job(struct thread_data *td)
{
	memset(&threads[td->thread_number - 1], 0, sizeof(*td));
	thread_number--;
}

static int add_job(struct thread_data *td, const char *jobname, int prioclass,
		   int prio)
{
	struct stat sb;
	int numjobs;

#ifndef FIO_HAVE_LIBAIO
	if (td->io_engine == FIO_LIBAIO) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Linux libaio not available\n");
		return 1;
	}
#endif
#ifndef FIO_HAVE_POSIXAIO
	if (td->io_engine == FIO_POSIXAIO) {
		fprintf(stderr, "posix aio not available\n");
		return 1;
	}
#endif
#ifdef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
	td->ioprio = (prioclass << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) | prio;
#endif

	/*
	 * the def_thread is just for options, it's not a real job
	 */
	if (td == &def_thread)
		return 0;

	if (td->io_engine & FIO_SYNCIO)
		td->iodepth = 1;
	else {
		if (!td->iodepth)
			td->iodepth = 1;
	}

	td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_FILE;
	if (!stat(jobname, &sb) && S_ISBLK(sb.st_mode))
		td->filetype = FIO_TYPE_BD;

	if (td->filetype == FIO_TYPE_FILE) {
		if (td->directory[0] != '\0')
			sprintf(td->file_name, "%s/%s.%d", td->directory, jobname, td->thread_number);
		else
			sprintf(td->file_name, "%s.%d", jobname, td->thread_number);
	} else
		strcpy(td->file_name, jobname);

	sem_init(&td->mutex, 0, 0);

	td->clat_stat.min_val = ULONG_MAX;
	td->slat_stat.min_val = ULONG_MAX;
	td->bw_stat.min_val = ULONG_MAX;

	if (td->min_bs == -1U)
		td->min_bs = td->bs;
	if (td->max_bs == -1U)
		td->max_bs = td->bs;
	if (td_read(td))
		td->verify = 0;

	if (td->stonewall && td->thread_number > 1)
		groupid++;

	td->groupid = groupid;

	if (setup_rate(td))
		goto err;

	if (write_lat_log)
		setup_log(&td->lat_log);
	if (write_bw_log)
		setup_log(&td->bw_log);

	printf("Client%d (g=%d): rw=%d, prio=%d/%d, seq=%d, odir=%d, bs=%d-%d, rate=%d, ioengine=%s, iodepth=%d\n", td->thread_number, td->groupid, td->ddir, prioclass, prio, td->sequential, td->odirect, td->min_bs, td->max_bs, td->rate, td->io_engine_name, td->iodepth);

	/*
	 * recurse add identical jobs, clear numjobs and stonewall options
	 * as they don't apply to sub-jobs
	 */
	numjobs = td->numjobs;
	while (--numjobs) {
		struct thread_data *td_new = get_new_job(0, td);

		if (!td_new)
			goto err;

		td_new->numjobs = 1;
		td_new->stonewall = 0;

		if (add_job(td_new, jobname, prioclass, prio))
			goto err;
	}
	return 0;
err:
	put_job(td);
	return -1;
}

int init_random_state(struct thread_data *td)
{
	unsigned long seed;
	int fd, num_maps, blocks;

	fd = open("/dev/random", O_RDONLY);
	if (fd == -1) {
		td_verror(td, errno);
		return 1;
	}

	if (read(fd, &seed, sizeof(seed)) < (int) sizeof(seed)) {
		td_verror(td, EIO);
		close(fd);
		return 1;
	}

	close(fd);

	srand48_r(seed, &td->bsrange_state);
	srand48_r(seed, &td->verify_state);

	if (td->sequential)
		return 0;

	if (repeatable)
		seed = DEF_RANDSEED;

	blocks = (td->io_size + td->min_bs - 1) / td->min_bs;
	num_maps = blocks / BLOCKS_PER_MAP;
	td->file_map = malloc(num_maps * sizeof(long));
	td->num_maps = num_maps;
	memset(td->file_map, 0, num_maps * sizeof(long));

	srand48_r(seed, &td->random_state);
	return 0;
}

static void fill_cpu_mask(os_cpu_mask_t cpumask, int cpu)
{
#ifdef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
	unsigned int i;

	CPU_ZERO(&cpumask);

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(int) * 8; i++) {
		if ((1 << i) & cpu)
			CPU_SET(i, &cpumask);
	}
#endif
}

static unsigned long get_mult(char c)
{
	switch (c) {
		case 'k':
		case 'K':
			return 1024;
		case 'm':
		case 'M':
			return 1024 * 1024;
		case 'g':
		case 'G':
			return 1024 * 1024 * 1024;
		default:
			return 1;
	}
}

/*
 * convert string after '=' into decimal value, noting any size suffix
 */
static int str_cnv(char *p, unsigned long long *val)
{
	char *str;
	int len;

	str = strstr(p, "=");
	if (!str)
		return 1;

	str++;
	len = strlen(str);

	*val = strtoul(str, NULL, 10);
	if (*val == ULONG_MAX && errno == ERANGE)
		return 1;

	*val *= get_mult(str[len - 2]);
	return 0;
}

static int check_strcnv(char *p, char *name, unsigned long long *val)
{
	if (!strstr(p, name))
		return 1;

	return str_cnv(p, val);
}

static void strip_blank_front(char **p)
{
	char *s = *p;

	while (isblank(*s))
		s++;
}

static void strip_blank_end(char *p)
{
	while (isblank(*p)) {
		*p = '\0';
		p--;
	}
}

typedef int (str_cb_fn)(struct thread_data *, char *);

static int check_str(char *p, char *name, str_cb_fn *cb, struct thread_data *td)
{
	char *s = strstr(p, name);

	if (!s)
		return 1;

	s = strstr(s, "=");
	if (!s)
		return 1;

	s++;
	strip_blank_front(&s);
	return cb(td, s);
}

static int check_strstore(char *p, char *name, char *dest)
{
	char *s = strstr(p, name);

	if (!s)
		return 1;

	s = strstr(p, "=");
	if (!s)
		return 1;

	s++;
	strip_blank_front(&s);

	strcpy(dest, s);

	s = dest + strlen(dest) - 1;
	strip_blank_end(s);
	return 0;
}

static int check_range(char *p, char *name, unsigned long *s, unsigned long *e)
{
	char str[128];
	char s1, s2;

	sprintf(str, "%s=%%lu%%c-%%lu%%c", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, s, &s1, e, &s2) == 4) {
		*s *= get_mult(s1);
		*e *= get_mult(s2);
		return 0;
	}

	sprintf(str, "%s = %%lu%%c-%%lu%%c", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, s, &s1, e, &s2) == 4) {
		*s *= get_mult(s1);
		*e *= get_mult(s2);
		return 0;
	}

	sprintf(str, "%s=%%lu-%%lu", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, s, e) == 2)
		return 0;

	sprintf(str, "%s = %%lu-%%lu", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, s, e) == 2)
		return 0;

	return 1;

}

static int check_int(char *p, char *name, unsigned int *val)
{
	char str[128];

	sprintf(str, "%s=%%d", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, val) == 1)
		return 0;

	sprintf(str, "%s = %%d", name);
	if (sscanf(p, str, val) == 1)
		return 0;

	return 1;
}

static int check_strset(char *p, char *name)
{
	return strncmp(p, name, strlen(name));
}

static int is_empty_or_comment(char *line)
{
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < strlen(line); i++) {
		if (line[i] == ';')
			return 1;
		if (!isspace(line[i]) && !iscntrl(line[i]))
			return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

static int str_rw_cb(struct thread_data *td, char *mem)
{
	if (!strncmp(mem, "read", 4) || !strncmp(mem, "0", 1)) {
		td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
		td->sequential = 1;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "randread", 8)) {
		td->ddir = DDIR_READ;
		td->sequential = 0;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "write", 5) || !strncmp(mem, "1", 1)) {
		td->ddir = DDIR_WRITE;
		td->sequential = 1;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "randwrite", 9)) {
		td->ddir = DDIR_WRITE;
		td->sequential = 0;
		return 0;
	}

	fprintf(stderr, "bad data direction: %s\n", mem);
	return 1;
}

static int str_verify_cb(struct thread_data *td, char *mem)
{
	if (!strncmp(mem, "0", 1)) {
		td->verify = VERIFY_NONE;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "md5", 3) || !strncmp(mem, "1", 1)) {
		td->verify = VERIFY_MD5;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "crc32", 5)) {
		td->verify = VERIFY_CRC32;
		return 0;
	}

	fprintf(stderr, "bad verify type: %s\n", mem);
	return 1;
}

static int str_mem_cb(struct thread_data *td, char *mem)
{
	if (!strncmp(mem, "malloc", 6)) {
		td->mem_type = MEM_MALLOC;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "shm", 3)) {
		td->mem_type = MEM_SHM;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(mem, "mmap", 4)) {
		td->mem_type = MEM_MMAP;
		return 0;
	}

	fprintf(stderr, "bad mem type: %s\n", mem);
	return 1;
}

static int str_ioengine_cb(struct thread_data *td, char *str)
{
	if (!strncmp(str, "linuxaio", 8) || !strncmp(str, "aio", 3) ||
	    !strncmp(str, "libaio", 6)) {
		strcpy(td->io_engine_name, "libaio");
		td->io_engine = FIO_LIBAIO;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(str, "posixaio", 8)) {
		strcpy(td->io_engine_name, "posixaio");
		td->io_engine = FIO_POSIXAIO;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(str, "sync", 4)) {
		strcpy(td->io_engine_name, "sync");
		td->io_engine = FIO_SYNCIO;
		return 0;
	} else if (!strncmp(str, "mmap", 4)) {
		strcpy(td->io_engine_name, "mmap");
		td->io_engine = FIO_MMAPIO;
		return 0;
	}

	fprintf(stderr, "bad ioengine type: %s\n", str);
	return 1;
}


int parse_jobs_ini(char *file)
{
	unsigned int prioclass, prio, cpu, global;
	unsigned long long ull;
	unsigned long ul1, ul2;
	struct thread_data *td;
	char *string, *name;
	fpos_t off;
	FILE *f;
	char *p;

	f = fopen(file, "r");
	if (!f) {
		perror("fopen");
		return 1;
	}

	string = malloc(4096);
	name = malloc(256);

	while ((p = fgets(string, 4096, f)) != NULL) {
		if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
			continue;
		if (sscanf(p, "[%s]", name) != 1)
			continue;

		global = !strncmp(name, "global", 6);

		name[strlen(name) - 1] = '\0';

		td = get_new_job(global, &def_thread);
		if (!td)
			return 1;

		prioclass = 2;
		prio = 4;

		fgetpos(f, &off);
		while ((p = fgets(string, 4096, f)) != NULL) {
			if (is_empty_or_comment(p))
				continue;
			if (strstr(p, "["))
				break;
			if (!check_int(p, "prio", &prio)) {
#ifndef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
				fprintf(stderr, "io priorities not available\n");
				return 1;
#endif
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "prioclass", &prioclass)) {
#ifndef FIO_HAVE_IOPRIO
				fprintf(stderr, "io priorities not available\n");
				return 1;
#endif
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "direct", &td->odirect)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "rate", &td->rate)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "ratemin", &td->ratemin)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "ratecycle", &td->ratecycle)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "thinktime", &td->thinktime)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "cpumask", &cpu)) {
#ifndef FIO_HAVE_CPU_AFFINITY
				fprintf(stderr, "cpu affinity not available\n");
				return 1;
#endif
				fill_cpu_mask(td->cpumask, cpu);
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "fsync", &td->fsync_blocks)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "startdelay", &td->start_delay)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "timeout", &td->timeout)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "invalidate",&td->invalidate_cache)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "iodepth", &td->iodepth)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "sync", &td->sync_io)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "bwavgtime", &td->bw_avg_time)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "create_serialize", &td->create_serialize)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "create_fsync", &td->create_fsync)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "loops", &td->loops)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "numjobs", &td->numjobs)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_int(p, "overwrite", &td->overwrite)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_range(p, "bsrange", &ul1, &ul2)) {
				if (ul1 > ul2) {
					td->max_bs = ul1;
					td->min_bs = ul2;
				} else {
					td->max_bs = ul2;
					td->min_bs = ul1;
				}
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strcnv(p, "bs", &ull)) {
				td->bs = ull;
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strcnv(p, "size", &td->file_size)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strcnv(p, "offset", &td->file_offset)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strstore(p, "directory", td->directory)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_str(p, "mem", str_mem_cb, td)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_str(p, "verify", str_verify_cb, td)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_str(p, "rw", str_rw_cb, td)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_str(p, "ioengine", str_ioengine_cb, td)) {
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strset(p, "create")) {
				td->create_file = 1;
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strset(p, "exitall")) {
				exitall_on_terminate = 1;
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strset(p, "stonewall")) {
				td->stonewall = 1;
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}
			if (!check_strset(p, "thread")) {
				td->use_thread = 1;
				fgetpos(f, &off);
				continue;
			}

			printf("Client%d: bad option %s\n",td->thread_number,p);
		}
		fsetpos(f, &off);

		if (add_job(td, name, prioclass, prio))
			return 1;
	}

	free(string);
	free(name);
	fclose(f);
	return 0;
}

static int fill_def_thread(void)
{
	memset(&def_thread, 0, sizeof(def_thread));

	if (fio_getaffinity(getpid(), &def_thread.cpumask) == -1) {
		perror("sched_getaffinity");
		return 1;
	}

	/*
	 * fill globals
	 */
	def_thread.ddir = DDIR_READ;
	def_thread.bs = DEF_BS;
	def_thread.min_bs = -1;
	def_thread.max_bs = -1;
	def_thread.io_engine = DEF_IO_ENGINE;
	strcpy(def_thread.io_engine_name, DEF_IO_ENGINE_NAME);
	def_thread.odirect = DEF_ODIRECT;
	def_thread.ratecycle = DEF_RATE_CYCLE;
	def_thread.sequential = DEF_SEQUENTIAL;
	def_thread.timeout = DEF_TIMEOUT;
	def_thread.create_file = DEF_CREATE;
	def_thread.overwrite = DEF_OVERWRITE;
	def_thread.invalidate_cache = DEF_INVALIDATE;
	def_thread.sync_io = DEF_SYNCIO;
	def_thread.mem_type = MEM_MALLOC;
	def_thread.bw_avg_time = DEF_BWAVGTIME;
	def_thread.create_serialize = DEF_CREATE_SER;
	def_thread.create_fsync = DEF_CREATE_FSYNC;
	def_thread.loops = DEF_LOOPS;
	def_thread.verify = DEF_VERIFY;
	def_thread.stonewall = DEF_STONEWALL;
	def_thread.numjobs = DEF_NUMJOBS;
	def_thread.use_thread = DEF_USE_THREAD;
#ifdef FIO_HAVE_DISK_UTIL
	def_thread.do_disk_util = 1;
#endif

	return 0;
}

static void parse_cmd_line(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int c;

	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "s:b:t:r:R:o:f:lw")) != EOF) {
		switch (c) {
			case 's':
				def_thread.sequential = !!atoi(optarg);
				break;
			case 'b':
				def_thread.bs = atoi(optarg);
				def_thread.bs <<= 10;
				if (!def_thread.bs) {
					printf("bad block size\n");
					def_thread.bs = DEF_BS;
				}
				break;
			case 't':
				def_thread.timeout = atoi(optarg);
				break;
			case 'r':
				repeatable = !!atoi(optarg);
				break;
			case 'R':
				rate_quit = !!atoi(optarg);
				break;
			case 'o':
				def_thread.odirect = !!atoi(optarg);
				break;
			case 'f':
				ini_file = strdup(optarg);
				break;
			case 'l':
				write_lat_log = 1;
				break;
			case 'w':
				write_bw_log = 1;
				break;
		}
	}
}

static void free_shm(void)
{
	struct shmid_ds sbuf;

	if (threads) {
		shmdt(threads);
		threads = NULL;
		shmctl(shm_id, IPC_RMID, &sbuf);
	}
}

static int setup_thread_area(void)
{
	/*
	 * 1024 is too much on some machines, scale max_jobs if
	 * we get a failure that looks like too large a shm segment
	 */
	do {
		int s = max_jobs * sizeof(struct thread_data);

		shm_id = shmget(0, s, IPC_CREAT | 0600);
		if (shm_id != -1)
			break;
		if (errno != EINVAL) {
			perror("shmget");
			break;
		}

		max_jobs >>= 1;
	} while (max_jobs);

	if (shm_id == -1)
		return 1;

	threads = shmat(shm_id, NULL, 0);
	if (threads == (void *) -1) {
		perror("shmat");
		return 1;
	}

	atexit(free_shm);
	return 0;
}

int parse_options(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	if (setup_thread_area())
		return 1;
	if (fill_def_thread())
		return 1;

	parse_cmd_line(argc, argv);

	if (!ini_file) {
		printf("Need job file\n");
		return 1;
	}

	if (parse_jobs_ini(ini_file))
		return 1;

	return 0;
}